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Lernmaterialien für random an der University of Wales, Bangor

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T1RF
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Damage to lung tissue resulting in inadequate oxygenation of the blood 

Poor oxygen levels with normal (or low) CO2 levels 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
T2RF
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Alveolar ventilation is insufficient to excrete CO2 being produced

Results in low oxygen levels and high CO2
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Pulmonary embolism 
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Blood vessel in the lungs becomes blocked by a blood clot

Symptoms: chest pain, SOB and haemetemesis 

Treated with anticoags 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pleural effusion 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Fluid around the lung between layers of the pleura

Causes: HF, liver disease, cancer, infection, pulmonary embolism 

Treatment: abx, diuretics, chest drain 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pneumothorax 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Collapsed lung (can be complete or partial collapse) 

Air leaks into the space between the pleura and chest wall 

Most commonly caused by injury or lung disease 

Small pneumothorax may heal on their own but large ones can be treated with needle aspiration (needle inserted to release air) or chest drain 


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
haemothorax 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
collection of blood in the pleural cavity 

Normally caused by trauma, can be caused by cancer or blood disorders 
Spontaneous haemothorax is when it occurs with no cause

Treated with a chest drain (must be flushed 4hrly to prevent blockage from blood clotting) and/or surgery to repair damaged vessels 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
CTPA
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
CT pulmonary angiogram 

Checks for clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism) 
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CTTAP
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CT of the abdomen and pelvis 
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CT angio
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Checks for blocked/narrowed vessels

Can diagnose aneurysms/blood clots/tumours 

Involves injecting dye/contrast
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Stricture 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Abnormal tightening 

Commonly seen in oesophageal, urethra, bowels etc

Can be caused by CA. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Naloxone 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Used to reverse the effects of opioid overdose 

Codeine, methodone, heroin etc
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Types of circulatory shock 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Hypovolemic e.g haemorrhage 

Cardiogenic e.g MI or arrhythmia 

Obstructive e.g pulmonary embolism

Distributive e.g sepsis or anaphylaxis 
Lösung ausblenden
  • 2487 Karteikarten
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen random Kurs an der University of Wales, Bangor - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
T1RF
A:
Damage to lung tissue resulting in inadequate oxygenation of the blood 

Poor oxygen levels with normal (or low) CO2 levels 
Q:
T2RF
A:
Alveolar ventilation is insufficient to excrete CO2 being produced

Results in low oxygen levels and high CO2
Q:
Pulmonary embolism 
A:
Blood vessel in the lungs becomes blocked by a blood clot

Symptoms: chest pain, SOB and haemetemesis 

Treated with anticoags 
Q:
Pleural effusion 
A:
Fluid around the lung between layers of the pleura

Causes: HF, liver disease, cancer, infection, pulmonary embolism 

Treatment: abx, diuretics, chest drain 
Q:
Pneumothorax 
A:
Collapsed lung (can be complete or partial collapse) 

Air leaks into the space between the pleura and chest wall 

Most commonly caused by injury or lung disease 

Small pneumothorax may heal on their own but large ones can be treated with needle aspiration (needle inserted to release air) or chest drain 


Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
haemothorax 
A:
collection of blood in the pleural cavity 

Normally caused by trauma, can be caused by cancer or blood disorders 
Spontaneous haemothorax is when it occurs with no cause

Treated with a chest drain (must be flushed 4hrly to prevent blockage from blood clotting) and/or surgery to repair damaged vessels 
Q:
CTPA
A:
CT pulmonary angiogram 

Checks for clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism) 
Q:
CTTAP
A:
CT of the abdomen and pelvis 
Q:
CT angio
A:
Checks for blocked/narrowed vessels

Can diagnose aneurysms/blood clots/tumours 

Involves injecting dye/contrast
Q:
Stricture 
A:
Abnormal tightening 

Commonly seen in oesophageal, urethra, bowels etc

Can be caused by CA. 
Q:
Naloxone 
A:
Used to reverse the effects of opioid overdose 

Codeine, methodone, heroin etc
Q:
Types of circulatory shock 
A:
Hypovolemic e.g haemorrhage 

Cardiogenic e.g MI or arrhythmia 

Obstructive e.g pulmonary embolism

Distributive e.g sepsis or anaphylaxis 
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