Precedent at University Of Wales, Aberystwyth | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
which case represents precedents arising from lower in the hierarchy?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
RVR 1991
facts-A case of marital rape the husband tried to argue that a husband was exempt from raping his wife.
Ratio-House of Lords was persuaded to follow the same reasoning as the Court of Appeal is therefore D was convicted.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
which case represents binding precedent?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Donoghue vStevenson and a duty of care test has been altered by Caparo v Dickman 1990
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
what is the Obiter dicta?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
“Things said by the way “
Things stated in the course of a judgement which are not necessarily for the decision ( rest of judgement )
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
where does precedent arise from?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
courts lower in the hierarchy
privy council decisions
obiter dicta statements
dissenting judgements
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
which case represents original precedent?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Donoghue V Stevenson
Her claim was successful and this case established the modern law of negligence and established the neighbour test.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
what is reasoning by analogy?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
there is no clear president so it gives the judge another  option to find a past similar case which is reasonably close in principle and to use the rule to form that case.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
what is a binding precedent?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A president which must be followed even if the judge does not agree with it.
however, this will only work if the facts in the second case are sufficiently similar to the facts in the first case.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
what is persuasive precedent?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A precedent which is not binding but the judge has been persuaded to follow it because he feels it is correct.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
which cases represent  persuasive precedent arising from privy council decisions?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
AG ref Jersey V Holley
-stated the decision on provocation would be applicable in England and Wales.
Willers v Joyce
The Supreme Court provided clarity the English courts should never follow a decision of the privy council if it is inconsistent with a decision that would be otherwise binding on the lower court unless the privy council has expressly directed that domestic court should treat its decision as representing the law of England and Wales
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
which case represents precedent arising in obiter dicta statements?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
R v Howe- House of Lords Ruled that duress cannot be a defence to the charge of murder.

R v Gotts- D was charged with attempted murder.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the ratio decidendi?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
It forms the legal principle which is a binding precedent meaning it must be followed in future cases containing the same material facts.
-explanation of the legal principles on which the decision was made
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
which case represents precedent arising from a dissenting judgement?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
candler V crane Christmas 1951
Lord Denning was the only judge to give a judgement saying duty of care should be owed by accountant to give poor advice and clients lose money as a result later his opinion was followed in Hedley BryneV Heller.
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Q:
which case represents precedents arising from lower in the hierarchy?
A:
RVR 1991
facts-A case of marital rape the husband tried to argue that a husband was exempt from raping his wife.
Ratio-House of Lords was persuaded to follow the same reasoning as the Court of Appeal is therefore D was convicted.
Q:
which case represents binding precedent?
A:
Donoghue vStevenson and a duty of care test has been altered by Caparo v Dickman 1990
Q:
what is the Obiter dicta?
A:
“Things said by the way “
Things stated in the course of a judgement which are not necessarily for the decision ( rest of judgement )
Q:
where does precedent arise from?

A:
courts lower in the hierarchy
privy council decisions
obiter dicta statements
dissenting judgements
Q:
which case represents original precedent?

A:
Donoghue V Stevenson
Her claim was successful and this case established the modern law of negligence and established the neighbour test.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
what is reasoning by analogy?
A:
there is no clear president so it gives the judge another  option to find a past similar case which is reasonably close in principle and to use the rule to form that case.
Q:
what is a binding precedent?
A:
A president which must be followed even if the judge does not agree with it.
however, this will only work if the facts in the second case are sufficiently similar to the facts in the first case.
Q:
what is persuasive precedent?

A:
A precedent which is not binding but the judge has been persuaded to follow it because he feels it is correct.
Q:
which cases represent  persuasive precedent arising from privy council decisions?
A:
AG ref Jersey V Holley
-stated the decision on provocation would be applicable in England and Wales.
Willers v Joyce
The Supreme Court provided clarity the English courts should never follow a decision of the privy council if it is inconsistent with a decision that would be otherwise binding on the lower court unless the privy council has expressly directed that domestic court should treat its decision as representing the law of England and Wales
Q:
which case represents precedent arising in obiter dicta statements?
A:
R v Howe- House of Lords Ruled that duress cannot be a defence to the charge of murder.

R v Gotts- D was charged with attempted murder.
Q:
What is the ratio decidendi?


A:
It forms the legal principle which is a binding precedent meaning it must be followed in future cases containing the same material facts.
-explanation of the legal principles on which the decision was made
Q:
which case represents precedent arising from a dissenting judgement?
A:
candler V crane Christmas 1951
Lord Denning was the only judge to give a judgement saying duty of care should be owed by accountant to give poor advice and clients lose money as a result later his opinion was followed in Hedley BryneV Heller.
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