Medis 5. Semester at University Of Veterinary Science | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Medis 5. semester an der University of Veterinary Science

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Acepromazine:

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- Classified as antihistamine (1st generation) but not used as one - Usage: before surgery -> before morphine administration - Safe - Cheap - Neuroleptic - Sedative - Phenothiazine - Cross BBB very easily - Side effects: sedation, uncoordinated movement, sleepiness, ataxia - Orally, subcutaneously, IM, IV

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Aspirin:

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- NSAID 

- Acetlysalicyl-acid 

- Not COX-2 selective 

- Can cause: gastric ulceration 

- Pharmacological effect: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic 

- Older drug 

- Ratio: <1 - Inhibit: COX-1 and COX-2 

- Considered unsafe - Infrequently used in praxis 

- Dogs: safe short-term 

- Not recommended in cats 

- Farm animals: mixed into the water 

- Not that safe - Classical NSAID 

- Can be administered instead of meloxicam in special cases

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Carbocysteine:

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- Mucolytic 

- Causes: breaking up of disulphide bonds -> dissolution of viscous mucus -> bad taste and odour 

- Orally (better absorption than N-acetylcysteine) 

- IV: antidote of paracetamol

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Acetylcholine:

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- Direct parasympathomimetic - Very short half life - Can´t be used therapeutically - Non-specific - Non-selective

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Buscopan:

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- Parasympatholytic 

- Indication: Spasms 

- Usage: Colic in horses 

- Very effective in the intestine

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Chlorpheniramine:

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- Ethylendiamine 

- Antihistamine 

- Cross BBB very easily 

- Side effects: sedation, uncoordinated movement, sleepiness, ataxia

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Beclomethasone:

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- Synthetic glucocorticoid 

- Inhalation

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Aminophylline:

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- Theophylline derivate - Indication: acute or chronic asthma, COPD, emphysema - Side effects: arrhythmias, nervousness, vomiting, GI bleeding - Can be administered prophylactically

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Carbachol:

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- Direct parasympathomimetic 

- Old and obsolete 

- Indication: Glaucoma (eye drops), content in case of metritis 

- Non-specific to M-ACh receptors 

- Several side effects 

- Used to be laxative in pigs -> cause emesis

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Amiloride:

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- Inhibits: ATPase pump - potassium sparing diuretic - Indication: heart failure increases sodium excretion - Causes: potassium to remain in the blood -

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Benazepril:

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- Oral: good absorption 

- Needs to be activated in liver: Benazeprilat 

- Not administered in life-threatening cases -> slow 

- Indication: chronic heart failure 

- Duration of action: 12-24 hours 

- SID is preferred 

- Excreted by bile 

- In renal failure cases: dose shouldn´t be decreased 

- Side effects: rare, azotaemia, hypotension, tiredness, faintness, GI disturbances (very rare)

 - Kidney parameters must be frequently checked 

- Dose shouldn´t be decreased in renal insufficient patients

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Acetazolamide:

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- - Orally - Inhibits: carboanhydrase Indication: cysteine stones

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Medis 5. semester Kurs an der University of Veterinary Science - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Acepromazine:

A:

- Classified as antihistamine (1st generation) but not used as one - Usage: before surgery -> before morphine administration - Safe - Cheap - Neuroleptic - Sedative - Phenothiazine - Cross BBB very easily - Side effects: sedation, uncoordinated movement, sleepiness, ataxia - Orally, subcutaneously, IM, IV

Q:

Aspirin:

A:

- NSAID 

- Acetlysalicyl-acid 

- Not COX-2 selective 

- Can cause: gastric ulceration 

- Pharmacological effect: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic 

- Older drug 

- Ratio: <1 - Inhibit: COX-1 and COX-2 

- Considered unsafe - Infrequently used in praxis 

- Dogs: safe short-term 

- Not recommended in cats 

- Farm animals: mixed into the water 

- Not that safe - Classical NSAID 

- Can be administered instead of meloxicam in special cases

Q:

Carbocysteine:

A:

- Mucolytic 

- Causes: breaking up of disulphide bonds -> dissolution of viscous mucus -> bad taste and odour 

- Orally (better absorption than N-acetylcysteine) 

- IV: antidote of paracetamol

Q:

Acetylcholine:

A:

- Direct parasympathomimetic - Very short half life - Can´t be used therapeutically - Non-specific - Non-selective

Q:

Buscopan:

A:

- Parasympatholytic 

- Indication: Spasms 

- Usage: Colic in horses 

- Very effective in the intestine

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Q:


Chlorpheniramine:

A:

- Ethylendiamine 

- Antihistamine 

- Cross BBB very easily 

- Side effects: sedation, uncoordinated movement, sleepiness, ataxia

Q:

Beclomethasone:

A:

- Synthetic glucocorticoid 

- Inhalation

Q:

Aminophylline:

A:

- Theophylline derivate - Indication: acute or chronic asthma, COPD, emphysema - Side effects: arrhythmias, nervousness, vomiting, GI bleeding - Can be administered prophylactically

Q:

Carbachol:

A:

- Direct parasympathomimetic 

- Old and obsolete 

- Indication: Glaucoma (eye drops), content in case of metritis 

- Non-specific to M-ACh receptors 

- Several side effects 

- Used to be laxative in pigs -> cause emesis

Q:

Amiloride:

A:

- Inhibits: ATPase pump - potassium sparing diuretic - Indication: heart failure increases sodium excretion - Causes: potassium to remain in the blood -

Q:

Benazepril:

A:

- Oral: good absorption 

- Needs to be activated in liver: Benazeprilat 

- Not administered in life-threatening cases -> slow 

- Indication: chronic heart failure 

- Duration of action: 12-24 hours 

- SID is preferred 

- Excreted by bile 

- In renal failure cases: dose shouldn´t be decreased 

- Side effects: rare, azotaemia, hypotension, tiredness, faintness, GI disturbances (very rare)

 - Kidney parameters must be frequently checked 

- Dose shouldn´t be decreased in renal insufficient patients

Q:

Acetazolamide:

A:

- - Orally - Inhibits: carboanhydrase Indication: cysteine stones

Medis 5. semester

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