LAW OF DELICT at University Of The Western Cape | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für LAW OF DELICT an der University of the Western Cape

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What is fault
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An delictual element that requires that one must be able to blame and hold a person responsible for the harm that was wrongfully caused to another
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What happens if a person cannot be legally accountable? 
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  • Blame cannot be imputed to him
  • The element of fault will not be satisfied 
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The concept of negligence 
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  • Involves evaluating a defendant's conduct according to the standards that are acceptable to society.
  • Standard- fictitious 'reasonable person'
  • It represents society's expectations of adequate and reasonable conduct.
  • To determine whether the defendant is negligent we ask what a reasonable person in the defendant's position would have done.
  • If the defendant's conduct deviates from the standard of a reasonable person, his conduct is blameworthy and he will be at fault.
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How do we assess whether a defendant is accountable? 
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We asked two questions which have to be questioned in the affirmative:
  • Does X have the mental capacity to distinguish between right and wrong and appreciate the distinction?
  • Does X have sufficient maturity to act in accordance with the appreciation between right and wrong.
This assessment is entirely subjective. We look at X's ability, at the time of the delict, to distinguish between right and wrong and to act in accordance to it.
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S v Campher
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The appellate division confirmed that the person must have failed to control the impulse to commit the act and the lack of control must arise from an 'infirmity of will for which he was not answerable'
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What is accountability? 
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  • A prerequisite for finding a person blameworthy or at fault.
  • Refers to a person's capacity to distinguish between right and wrong.
  • And to act in accordance with that distinction.
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What does accountability focus on ?
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On a person's ability and maturity.
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What are the 2 types of fault?
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  • Intention - Dolus
  • negligence- Culpae 
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What are the categories that exclude accountability? 


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  • Youth
  • Mental illness
  • Intoxication or a similar condition induced by a drug.
  • Anger due to provocation 
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Mental disease or illness and emotional distress 
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X is culpae incapax if, at the time of the delict, he/ she suffers from a mental illness or disease, emotional stress that renders him incapable of distinguishing between right and wrong or of act in accordance with the distinction. 
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Why is negligence an objective assessment? 
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It measures the individual's conduct against the standard set by society 
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What is culpability? 
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  • The law's judgement of an accountable person's state of mind (intention) 
  • or of the inadequate quality of a person's conduct as measured against society's standards (negligence)
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Q:
What is fault
A:
An delictual element that requires that one must be able to blame and hold a person responsible for the harm that was wrongfully caused to another
Q:
What happens if a person cannot be legally accountable? 
A:
  • Blame cannot be imputed to him
  • The element of fault will not be satisfied 
Q:
The concept of negligence 
A:
  • Involves evaluating a defendant's conduct according to the standards that are acceptable to society.
  • Standard- fictitious 'reasonable person'
  • It represents society's expectations of adequate and reasonable conduct.
  • To determine whether the defendant is negligent we ask what a reasonable person in the defendant's position would have done.
  • If the defendant's conduct deviates from the standard of a reasonable person, his conduct is blameworthy and he will be at fault.
Q:
How do we assess whether a defendant is accountable? 
A:
We asked two questions which have to be questioned in the affirmative:
  • Does X have the mental capacity to distinguish between right and wrong and appreciate the distinction?
  • Does X have sufficient maturity to act in accordance with the appreciation between right and wrong.
This assessment is entirely subjective. We look at X's ability, at the time of the delict, to distinguish between right and wrong and to act in accordance to it.
Q:
S v Campher
A:
The appellate division confirmed that the person must have failed to control the impulse to commit the act and the lack of control must arise from an 'infirmity of will for which he was not answerable'
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is accountability? 
A:
  • A prerequisite for finding a person blameworthy or at fault.
  • Refers to a person's capacity to distinguish between right and wrong.
  • And to act in accordance with that distinction.
Q:
What does accountability focus on ?
A:
On a person's ability and maturity.
Q:
What are the 2 types of fault?
A:
  • Intention - Dolus
  • negligence- Culpae 
Q:
What are the categories that exclude accountability? 


A:
  • Youth
  • Mental illness
  • Intoxication or a similar condition induced by a drug.
  • Anger due to provocation 
Q:
Mental disease or illness and emotional distress 
A:
X is culpae incapax if, at the time of the delict, he/ she suffers from a mental illness or disease, emotional stress that renders him incapable of distinguishing between right and wrong or of act in accordance with the distinction. 
Q:
Why is negligence an objective assessment? 
A:
It measures the individual's conduct against the standard set by society 
Q:
What is culpability? 
A:
  • The law's judgement of an accountable person's state of mind (intention) 
  • or of the inadequate quality of a person's conduct as measured against society's standards (negligence)
LAW OF DELICT

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