Overview Of The Nervous System at University Of The Philippines Manila | Flashcards & Summaries

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What are the three main parts of the neuron or nerve cell? 


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  • Cell body
  • Dendrites
  • Axon
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he following descriptions and function below describe what type of neuroglial cells? 

  • Cover surfaces of blood vessels, neurons, and the pia mater
  • Help regulate the extracellular composition of brain fluid through the formation of the blood-brain barrier

  • Provide structural support to nervous tissue and act during development as guidewires that direct neuronal migration


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Astrocytes 


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Part of the neuron that receives stimulus from other neurons or sensory receptors 


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Dendrites

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A type of neuroglial cell that moves around and phagocytizes necrotic tissue, microorganisms, and other foreign substances that invade the CNS in response to inflammation

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Microglia

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Excitable cells that transmit electrical signals (action potentials) to other neurons or effector organ 


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Neuron/Nerve Cell

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This type of neuron sends information between afferent and efferent neurons; they are mostly located in the CNS. 


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Interneurons

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Supporting cells that surround and wrap the more delicate neurons 


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Neuroglia/Glial Cells

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A group of axons 


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Nerve

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This type of neuron is found in special sense organs like the eyes and the nose. It has a dendrite and an axon. 


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Bipolar neuron

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Metabolic center of the neuron and contains the nucleus and mitochondrion. 


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Cell body

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Which function of the nervous system involves the processing of sensory input and initiation of response? 


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Integrate information 


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Most sensory neurons are of this type. It appears to have an axon and no dendrites. 


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Pseudo-unipolar neuron

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Q:

What are the three main parts of the neuron or nerve cell? 


A:
  • Cell body
  • Dendrites
  • Axon
Q:

he following descriptions and function below describe what type of neuroglial cells? 

  • Cover surfaces of blood vessels, neurons, and the pia mater
  • Help regulate the extracellular composition of brain fluid through the formation of the blood-brain barrier

  • Provide structural support to nervous tissue and act during development as guidewires that direct neuronal migration


A:

Astrocytes 


Q:

Part of the neuron that receives stimulus from other neurons or sensory receptors 


A:

Dendrites

Q:

A type of neuroglial cell that moves around and phagocytizes necrotic tissue, microorganisms, and other foreign substances that invade the CNS in response to inflammation

A:

Microglia

Q:

Excitable cells that transmit electrical signals (action potentials) to other neurons or effector organ 


A:

Neuron/Nerve Cell

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Q:

This type of neuron sends information between afferent and efferent neurons; they are mostly located in the CNS. 


A:

Interneurons

Q:

Supporting cells that surround and wrap the more delicate neurons 


A:

Neuroglia/Glial Cells

Q:

A group of axons 


A:

Nerve

Q:

This type of neuron is found in special sense organs like the eyes and the nose. It has a dendrite and an axon. 


A:

Bipolar neuron

Q:

Metabolic center of the neuron and contains the nucleus and mitochondrion. 


A:

Cell body

Q:

Which function of the nervous system involves the processing of sensory input and initiation of response? 


A:

Integrate information 


Q:

Most sensory neurons are of this type. It appears to have an axon and no dendrites. 


A:

Pseudo-unipolar neuron

Overview of the Nervous System

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