ANIG1624 at University Of The Free State | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für ANIG1624 an der University of the Free State

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Characteristics of intensive production system 
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Specialized facilities 
High capital input 
Intensive feeding 
Close to markets well formulated ratios 
Pigs poultry cattle sheep and dairy 
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What is culling? 
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Removing animals from a group based on specific criteria 
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What is a domesticated animal? 

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An animal bred in cavity for economic profit to human community that maintain complete mystery over its breeding territory and feeding 
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Consequences of Domestication 
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~8500 BC transition from hunter gathers to first settlements
~Growthh of human population [shorter birth interval, more children and higher survival rate]
~Eventually more epidemic infectious disease "Crowd disease" 
~Start of permanent orchards, pastures and cultivation for food
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Primary reason for domestication 
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Changes in plants and animals 
Changes in human behavior 
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What Is feral? 
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Ability to return to untamed state from domesticate wild
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Contribution of Agriculture to the economy in percentage 
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55%
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What percentage of the land of sa is suitable for crop production 
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13%

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Global production increase since 1960
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Beef x2
Chicken x10
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Taming vs Domestication 
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Taming>Conditioned behavioral modification to reduce its avoidance of humans and to accept the presence of humans 
Domestication>Permanent genetic modification of a bred lineage that leads to nentable predisposition toward human association 
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Six reasons why only 14/148 animal species domesticated? 
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~Diet to be supplied by human to animal
~Slow growth and long Reproductive cycles 
~Cannot be bred I captivity 
~No follow - leader dominance 
~Cannot adapt to enclosure 
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What is out crossing? 
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Practice of introducing unrelated genetic material into breeding line
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Q:
Characteristics of intensive production system 
A:
Specialized facilities 
High capital input 
Intensive feeding 
Close to markets well formulated ratios 
Pigs poultry cattle sheep and dairy 
Q:
What is culling? 
A:
Removing animals from a group based on specific criteria 
Q:
What is a domesticated animal? 

A:
An animal bred in cavity for economic profit to human community that maintain complete mystery over its breeding territory and feeding 
Q:
Consequences of Domestication 
A:
~8500 BC transition from hunter gathers to first settlements
~Growthh of human population [shorter birth interval, more children and higher survival rate]
~Eventually more epidemic infectious disease "Crowd disease" 
~Start of permanent orchards, pastures and cultivation for food
Q:
Primary reason for domestication 
A:
Changes in plants and animals 
Changes in human behavior 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What Is feral? 
A:
Ability to return to untamed state from domesticate wild
Q:
Contribution of Agriculture to the economy in percentage 
A:
55%
Q:
What percentage of the land of sa is suitable for crop production 
A:

13%

Q:
Global production increase since 1960
A:
Beef x2
Chicken x10
Q:
Taming vs Domestication 
A:
Taming>Conditioned behavioral modification to reduce its avoidance of humans and to accept the presence of humans 
Domestication>Permanent genetic modification of a bred lineage that leads to nentable predisposition toward human association 
Q:
Six reasons why only 14/148 animal species domesticated? 
A:
~Diet to be supplied by human to animal
~Slow growth and long Reproductive cycles 
~Cannot be bred I captivity 
~No follow - leader dominance 
~Cannot adapt to enclosure 
Q:
What is out crossing? 
A:
Practice of introducing unrelated genetic material into breeding line
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