Developmental Psychology at University Of Surrey | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Developmental Psychology an der University of Surrey

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Developmental Psychology Kurs an der University of Surrey zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is developmental psychology? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- studies how individuals change over their life span and the processes that create those changes

- changes over time
  •  in the body, mind and/or behaviour
  • due to biology and experience

- intra and inter individual changes

- interdisciplinary;
  • incorporating; biological, social, cognitive, perceptual, personality
- the largest branch of psychology 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the first stage of child development? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Prenatal - 
- Age span:
  • Conception - birth
- What develops? 
  • From single cell - complete organism, in utero
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Whar is the third period of child development? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Early childhood-
- Age span:
  • 2 - 6 years
- What develops? 
  • Pre-school years; increased self-sufficiency, development of "school readiness" skills, social skills (playing with peers) 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Why do we study children? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Philosophical:
  • What does it mean to be human? 
- Empirical:
  • Childhood is a period of rapid change
  • Long-term influences of childhood
  • Understanding the origins and development of complex adult processes
  • Comparative questions
- Applied:
  • Real world applications 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the fourth period of development? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Middle and late childhood-
- Age span:
  • 6 - 12 years
- What develops? 
  • Primary school years; mastering skills such as reading, writing and maths; learning about culture, social skills, increased self-control & reasoning ability
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is "original sin" and who developed this idea? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- Hobbes 1588-1679
- Children are inherently sinful, development should be shaped by control and discipline
  • "Let him have nothing he cries for; absolutely nothing great or small... make him do as you are bid, if you whip him 10 times running to effect this" (Susanna Wesley c1750) 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the fifth period of development? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Adolescence-
- Age span:
  • 12 - 20 years
- What develops? 
  • Rapid physical changes; sexual development, pursuit of independence and identity, thought becomes more logical, abstract and idealistic
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the genetic basis of everyday disease? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Found using twin studies
  • Many common physical disorders have a clear genetic basis to them, e.g. cancers, osteoarthritis, back pain, cataracts
  • Certain psychological disorders have high degree of heritability e.g. eating disorders, anxiety and depression (Eley et al (2003))
  • Many behavioural and psychological traits are also extremely heritable e.g. hyperactivity and impulsivity (Price et al (2001))
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is discontinuous development? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Fundamental differences between adults and children
  • Development is marked by a series of abrupt changes 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is an observation? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Behaviours are observed and recorded
  • Naturalistic or structured 
  • Descriptive or systematic 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the history of the nature vs nurture debate? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Victorian scientist Francis Galton coined the phrase "nature vs nurture" 
  • Galton believed that human intelligence is largely a matter of nature - instigating the eugenics movement which focused around ideas of genetic determinism and selective breeding
  • We now know that the environment also has a significant role to play in intelligence and that there is an interaction between genetic and environment
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are sensation and perception? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Sensation:
  • Sensory receptor neurons detect information and transmit it to the brain
  • Passive
Perception:
  • The interpretation of sensory information 
  • Active
- Sensation occurs, perception follows
Lösung ausblenden
  • 1008 Karteikarten
  • 95 Studierende
  • 17 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Developmental Psychology Kurs an der University of Surrey - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is developmental psychology? 
A:
- studies how individuals change over their life span and the processes that create those changes

- changes over time
  •  in the body, mind and/or behaviour
  • due to biology and experience

- intra and inter individual changes

- interdisciplinary;
  • incorporating; biological, social, cognitive, perceptual, personality
- the largest branch of psychology 
Q:
What is the first stage of child development? 
A:
Prenatal - 
- Age span:
  • Conception - birth
- What develops? 
  • From single cell - complete organism, in utero
Q:
Whar is the third period of child development? 
A:
Early childhood-
- Age span:
  • 2 - 6 years
- What develops? 
  • Pre-school years; increased self-sufficiency, development of "school readiness" skills, social skills (playing with peers) 
Q:
Why do we study children? 
A:
- Philosophical:
  • What does it mean to be human? 
- Empirical:
  • Childhood is a period of rapid change
  • Long-term influences of childhood
  • Understanding the origins and development of complex adult processes
  • Comparative questions
- Applied:
  • Real world applications 
Q:
What is the fourth period of development? 
A:
Middle and late childhood-
- Age span:
  • 6 - 12 years
- What develops? 
  • Primary school years; mastering skills such as reading, writing and maths; learning about culture, social skills, increased self-control & reasoning ability
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is "original sin" and who developed this idea? 
A:
- Hobbes 1588-1679
- Children are inherently sinful, development should be shaped by control and discipline
  • "Let him have nothing he cries for; absolutely nothing great or small... make him do as you are bid, if you whip him 10 times running to effect this" (Susanna Wesley c1750) 
Q:
What is the fifth period of development? 
A:
Adolescence-
- Age span:
  • 12 - 20 years
- What develops? 
  • Rapid physical changes; sexual development, pursuit of independence and identity, thought becomes more logical, abstract and idealistic
Q:
What is the genetic basis of everyday disease? 
A:
  • Found using twin studies
  • Many common physical disorders have a clear genetic basis to them, e.g. cancers, osteoarthritis, back pain, cataracts
  • Certain psychological disorders have high degree of heritability e.g. eating disorders, anxiety and depression (Eley et al (2003))
  • Many behavioural and psychological traits are also extremely heritable e.g. hyperactivity and impulsivity (Price et al (2001))
Q:
What is discontinuous development? 
A:
  • Fundamental differences between adults and children
  • Development is marked by a series of abrupt changes 
Q:
What is an observation? 
A:
  • Behaviours are observed and recorded
  • Naturalistic or structured 
  • Descriptive or systematic 
Q:
What is the history of the nature vs nurture debate? 
A:
  • Victorian scientist Francis Galton coined the phrase "nature vs nurture" 
  • Galton believed that human intelligence is largely a matter of nature - instigating the eugenics movement which focused around ideas of genetic determinism and selective breeding
  • We now know that the environment also has a significant role to play in intelligence and that there is an interaction between genetic and environment
Q:
What are sensation and perception? 
A:
Sensation:
  • Sensory receptor neurons detect information and transmit it to the brain
  • Passive
Perception:
  • The interpretation of sensory information 
  • Active
- Sensation occurs, perception follows
Developmental Psychology

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten Developmental Psychology Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

Developmental

Griffith University

Zum Kurs
Developmental

University of Hertfordshire

Zum Kurs
PSY104: Developmental Psychology

Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation

Zum Kurs
psychology child development

University of Fort Hare

Zum Kurs
Experimental Psychology

Tilburg University

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Developmental Psychology
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Developmental Psychology