Pathology at University Of Southampton | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Pathology an der University of Southampton

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What are the cardinal signs of inflammation?

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  • Heat (color)
  • Redness (rubor)
  • Swelling (tumour)
  • Pain (dolor)
  • Loss of function (functio laesa)
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Increased blood supply will be important in producing which of the cardinal signs?

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  • Heat
  • Redness
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What is the medical term for inflammation of the appendix?

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appendicitis

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Put these events into the correct chronological order: 

  • A: Adhesion of neutrophils
  • B: Emigration of neutrophils
  • C: Adhesion of chronic inflammatory cells
  • D: Increased blood flow
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D -- A -- B -- C

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Define chronic inflammation:

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Chronic inflammation develops over a longer period and is characterised by other inflammatory cells.

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Define inflammation:

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Inflammation is the coordinated response of vascularised tissue to injury or the presence of microorganisms.

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Define acute inflammation:

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Acute inflammation occurs in a time frame of about a week or less and is characterised by the presence of neutrophils.

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What is happening at these sites during inflammation?

  • Cappilaries
  • Intercellular fluid
  • Lymphatics
  • Venules
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  • Cappilaries - increased endothelial permeability
  • Intercellular fluid - chemotaxis of WBCs
  • Lymphatics - removal of excess plasma exudate
  • Venules - emigration of WBCs
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Describe the mechanism by which WBCs enter inflamed tissue?

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1.) Adhesion: WBC stick to venular endothelium via adhesion molecules 


2.) They move into tissue by chemotaxis

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Describe changes in inflamed vessels:

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  • Increased blood flow
  • Increased capillary permeability
  • Plasma moves into the tissues and collects as oedema


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A patient with chronic fatigue (Ermüdung) has a blood test for the level of haemoglobin. Which laboratory is responsible?

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Haematology

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Which main type of sample does microbiology analyse?

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micro-organisms

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  • 1938 Karteikarten
  • 82 Studierende
  • 7 Lernmaterialien

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Q:

What are the cardinal signs of inflammation?

A:
  • Heat (color)
  • Redness (rubor)
  • Swelling (tumour)
  • Pain (dolor)
  • Loss of function (functio laesa)
Q:

Increased blood supply will be important in producing which of the cardinal signs?

A:
  • Heat
  • Redness
Q:

What is the medical term for inflammation of the appendix?

A:

appendicitis

Q:

Put these events into the correct chronological order: 

  • A: Adhesion of neutrophils
  • B: Emigration of neutrophils
  • C: Adhesion of chronic inflammatory cells
  • D: Increased blood flow
A:

D -- A -- B -- C

Q:

Define chronic inflammation:

A:

Chronic inflammation develops over a longer period and is characterised by other inflammatory cells.

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Q:

Define inflammation:

A:

Inflammation is the coordinated response of vascularised tissue to injury or the presence of microorganisms.

Q:

Define acute inflammation:

A:

Acute inflammation occurs in a time frame of about a week or less and is characterised by the presence of neutrophils.

Q:

What is happening at these sites during inflammation?

  • Cappilaries
  • Intercellular fluid
  • Lymphatics
  • Venules
A:
  • Cappilaries - increased endothelial permeability
  • Intercellular fluid - chemotaxis of WBCs
  • Lymphatics - removal of excess plasma exudate
  • Venules - emigration of WBCs
Q:

Describe the mechanism by which WBCs enter inflamed tissue?

A:

1.) Adhesion: WBC stick to venular endothelium via adhesion molecules 


2.) They move into tissue by chemotaxis

Q:

Describe changes in inflamed vessels:

A:
  • Increased blood flow
  • Increased capillary permeability
  • Plasma moves into the tissues and collects as oedema


Q:

A patient with chronic fatigue (Ermüdung) has a blood test for the level of haemoglobin. Which laboratory is responsible?

A:

Haematology

Q:

Which main type of sample does microbiology analyse?

A:

micro-organisms

Pathology

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