Cancer at University Of South Australia | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Cancer an der University of South Australia

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The incidence and mortality rates of most cancers (e.g. lung, colorectal, breast, prostate) are 

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decreasing in many Western countries, including Australia and New Zealand, yet is increasing in less developed and emerging economies 

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Why is cancer increasing in non-western countries?

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most likely a consequence of the adoption of unhealthy Western lifestyles (including smoking and sedentary behaviour) and consumption of calorie-dense food 

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 People with a strong family history of cancer are

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at increased genetic risk of developing the disease. 

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Phases of cancer

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Risk assessment, diagnosis, Treatment, survivorship, cancer recurrance, pallative care / end of life

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Barriers to screening

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Fear of testing procedures,  Anticipated embarrassment, pain and fear of the procedure itself , fear of being diagnosed, Perceiving that you are too young and healthy, or that you are unlikely to get cancer (low perceived risk) and discounting symptoms = health belief model

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Initial response to cancer diagnosis

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Shock, Encounter, Retreat

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Decision aids for cancer patients provide benefits 


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Reduced decisional conflict, improved knowledge and perception of having made a more effective choice  

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Compared with healthy individuals, cancer patients report 


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higher levels of anxiety, depression and negative affect and lower levels of positive affect and current happiness  

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Distress responses to the diagnosis tend to coincide with  


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fear of the treatment itself and of possible treatment side effects. Surgical intervention may be disfiguring, leading to negative effects on self-esteem and body image 

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For most patients anxiety and depression

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peaks during the treatment cycle, and then gradually diminishes. Depression, then increases once the radiation treatment commences, and for many individuals remains after the conclusion of this treatment 

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Depression in cancer patients is associated with 

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poorer perceived social support, increased intrusive thoughts and younger age 

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Cancer begins when  

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cells in our bodies start dividing uncontrollably.  

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  • 1365 Karteikarten
  • 90 Studierende
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Cancer Kurs an der University of South Australia - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

The incidence and mortality rates of most cancers (e.g. lung, colorectal, breast, prostate) are 

A:

decreasing in many Western countries, including Australia and New Zealand, yet is increasing in less developed and emerging economies 

Q:

Why is cancer increasing in non-western countries?

A:

most likely a consequence of the adoption of unhealthy Western lifestyles (including smoking and sedentary behaviour) and consumption of calorie-dense food 

Q:

 People with a strong family history of cancer are

A:

at increased genetic risk of developing the disease. 

Q:

Phases of cancer

A:

Risk assessment, diagnosis, Treatment, survivorship, cancer recurrance, pallative care / end of life

Q:

Barriers to screening

A:

Fear of testing procedures,  Anticipated embarrassment, pain and fear of the procedure itself , fear of being diagnosed, Perceiving that you are too young and healthy, or that you are unlikely to get cancer (low perceived risk) and discounting symptoms = health belief model

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Q:

Initial response to cancer diagnosis

A:

Shock, Encounter, Retreat

Q:

Decision aids for cancer patients provide benefits 


A:

Reduced decisional conflict, improved knowledge and perception of having made a more effective choice  

Q:

Compared with healthy individuals, cancer patients report 


A:

higher levels of anxiety, depression and negative affect and lower levels of positive affect and current happiness  

Q:

Distress responses to the diagnosis tend to coincide with  


A:

fear of the treatment itself and of possible treatment side effects. Surgical intervention may be disfiguring, leading to negative effects on self-esteem and body image 

Q:

For most patients anxiety and depression

A:

peaks during the treatment cycle, and then gradually diminishes. Depression, then increases once the radiation treatment commences, and for many individuals remains after the conclusion of this treatment 

Q:

Depression in cancer patients is associated with 

A:

poorer perceived social support, increased intrusive thoughts and younger age 

Q:

Cancer begins when  

A:

cells in our bodies start dividing uncontrollably.  

Cancer

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