Child Development at University Of South Africa | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für child development an der University of South Africa

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen child development Kurs an der University of South Africa zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is child development?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Child development refers to the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in a human being between birth and the end of adolescence(19 years), as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy(independence)

  • Developmental changes may occur as a result of genetically  controlled  processes known as maturation(maturing), or as a result of environmental factors.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Define culture 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Culture refers to the beliefs, norms, customs and general way of life of a specific group of people, which are passed from one generation to another.

  • context refers to the setting or specific environment in which development and behavior occur
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Nsamenangs three phases of the human life cycle
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Spiritual selfhood
  • Social or experiential self hood
  • And ancestral self hood
The stages was later modified by Ngaujah and Dirks.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
African perspectives(3 life stages)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Spiritual selfhood(prenatal)
Core features- infant is a "project in progress" (human frame to shelter a Spiritual selfhood)
developmental task - begins at conceptions and ends at the naming ceremony

  • First social stage (neonatal)
Core features- the newborn period is identified by the happiness for the safe arrival, the gift and the projections regarding his/her future.
Developmental tasks- the naming ceremony, names are determined on the basis of historical and circumstantial factors, characters evoking and expectations.

  •  Second social stage (infancy) 
Core features- infancy period (pre- social)
Developmental tasks- social priming such a smiling, crying, teething and sitting up

  • Third social stage ( childhood)
Core features- Social apprentice(novice)
Developmental tasks- initiated into social roles. Expected to recognize and rehearse social roles.

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Domain of child development generally encompass off? (6)
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • physical - growing in size and strength, and the development of both gross motor skills and fine motor skills.
  • Cognitive- ability to process thoughts, pay attention, develop memories, understand their surroundings. 
  • Emotional- the growth of a child in understanding and controlling his/her emotions, awareness of self,  how the child feels about himself/herself as an individual.
  • social- ability to form relationships with others.
  • Language- ability to communicate with others. 
  • Moral development- awareness of morality as children grow. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What influences development?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Child developmental is influenced by culture,  experience as well as hereditary factors.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the prime time during which the brain and body develop the most?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Between conception and 14 months of age
(Physical development-foundation of the house)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Emotional development begins at age?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Starts before birth, but is at its peak between 14 months and 3 years of age.
(Emotional development- the walls of the house)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Social development age?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Begins at age 3 to 4
(Social development- windows & doors of the house)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Cognitive development age?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Represents reasoning,  the thinking brain is present long before birth but goes through an intense growth spurt between the age of 4 and 11
(Cognitive development = the roof of the house)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is collectivistic cultures?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
In collectivistic cultures which includes African cultures, children grow up in environments where the needs of the group are valued above the needs of the individual.
Children may be expected to assume responsibilities such as performing general domestic chores, running errands and caring for their younger siblings.
These expectations can have significant influences on their cognitive, social and emotional development. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is individualistic cultures?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Refers to western cultures, children grow up in environments where people are more concerned with their own needs. Children of individualistic cultures may be expected  to only play and perform simpler chores such as cleaning up after themselves. Displaying more competitive and attention seeking behavior 
Lösung ausblenden
  • 25391 Karteikarten
  • 4907 Studierende
  • 22 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen child development Kurs an der University of South Africa - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is child development?
A:
Child development refers to the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in a human being between birth and the end of adolescence(19 years), as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy(independence)

  • Developmental changes may occur as a result of genetically  controlled  processes known as maturation(maturing), or as a result of environmental factors.
Q:
Define culture 
A:
Culture refers to the beliefs, norms, customs and general way of life of a specific group of people, which are passed from one generation to another.

  • context refers to the setting or specific environment in which development and behavior occur
Q:
Nsamenangs three phases of the human life cycle
A:
  • Spiritual selfhood
  • Social or experiential self hood
  • And ancestral self hood
The stages was later modified by Ngaujah and Dirks.
Q:
African perspectives(3 life stages)
A:
  • Spiritual selfhood(prenatal)
Core features- infant is a "project in progress" (human frame to shelter a Spiritual selfhood)
developmental task - begins at conceptions and ends at the naming ceremony

  • First social stage (neonatal)
Core features- the newborn period is identified by the happiness for the safe arrival, the gift and the projections regarding his/her future.
Developmental tasks- the naming ceremony, names are determined on the basis of historical and circumstantial factors, characters evoking and expectations.

  •  Second social stage (infancy) 
Core features- infancy period (pre- social)
Developmental tasks- social priming such a smiling, crying, teething and sitting up

  • Third social stage ( childhood)
Core features- Social apprentice(novice)
Developmental tasks- initiated into social roles. Expected to recognize and rehearse social roles.

Q:
Domain of child development generally encompass off? (6)
A:
  • physical - growing in size and strength, and the development of both gross motor skills and fine motor skills.
  • Cognitive- ability to process thoughts, pay attention, develop memories, understand their surroundings. 
  • Emotional- the growth of a child in understanding and controlling his/her emotions, awareness of self,  how the child feels about himself/herself as an individual.
  • social- ability to form relationships with others.
  • Language- ability to communicate with others. 
  • Moral development- awareness of morality as children grow. 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What influences development?
A:
Child developmental is influenced by culture,  experience as well as hereditary factors.
Q:
What is the prime time during which the brain and body develop the most?
A:
Between conception and 14 months of age
(Physical development-foundation of the house)
Q:
Emotional development begins at age?
A:
Starts before birth, but is at its peak between 14 months and 3 years of age.
(Emotional development- the walls of the house)
Q:
Social development age?
A:
Begins at age 3 to 4
(Social development- windows & doors of the house)
Q:
Cognitive development age?
A:
Represents reasoning,  the thinking brain is present long before birth but goes through an intense growth spurt between the age of 4 and 11
(Cognitive development = the roof of the house)
Q:
What is collectivistic cultures?
A:
In collectivistic cultures which includes African cultures, children grow up in environments where the needs of the group are valued above the needs of the individual.
Children may be expected to assume responsibilities such as performing general domestic chores, running errands and caring for their younger siblings.
These expectations can have significant influences on their cognitive, social and emotional development. 
Q:
What is individualistic cultures?
A:
Refers to western cultures, children grow up in environments where people are more concerned with their own needs. Children of individualistic cultures may be expected  to only play and perform simpler chores such as cleaning up after themselves. Displaying more competitive and attention seeking behavior 
child development

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten child development Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

Developmental

Griffith University

Zum Kurs
Developmental

University of Hertfordshire

Zum Kurs
psychology child development

University of Fort Hare

Zum Kurs
Cognitive Development in Childhood

John Cabot University

Zum Kurs
L23 LUNG DEVELOPMENT

Mahidol University

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden child development
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen child development