Respiratory Infections at University Of Portsmouth | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Respiratory infections an der University of Portsmouth

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A 40 year old male presents to your office complaining of fever, chills, malaise, nonproductive cough, headache and dyspnoea x2 days. His grandfather was ill last week with similar symptoms while patient was visiting him. He reports taking ibuprofen with minimal relief. He currently smokes 0.5 ppd, but has quit while he has been ill. Denies wheezing, chest pain, haemoptysis, n/v, diarrhoea.  

VS: T 38°C, BP 118/82, HR 102, RR 20, SaO2 96% ENT: nasal mucosa clear, no pharyngeal erythema, TMs clear BL CV exam: tachycardic, HS I + II + 0, normal rhythm Resp exam: no signs of respiratory distress, rales in RML
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Bacterial Pneumonia
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A 53 year old female presents to your office complaining of gradually worsening productive cough and dyspnoea over the past week. She reports developing a fever of 38.1°C two days ago. The patient was recently diagnosed with HIV two weeks ago, and reports her CD4 count was found to be “150”. The patient just started taking antiretroviral therapy two weeks ago. Denies wheezing, chest pain, haemoptysis, rash, n/v, abdominal pain, diarrhoea.  

VS: T 38.2°C, BP 102/68, HR 110, RR 20, SaO2 90% ENT: nasal mucosa clear, no pharyngeal erythema,  TMs clear BL CV: tachycardic, regular rhythm, HS I + II + 0 Resp: intercostal recessions present, diffuse crackles BL lobes Abd: BS+, non-tender Skin: no rashes
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What causes bronchitis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Viral
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
A 28 year old female with type 1 diabetes presents today complaining of fever, chills, myalgias, nausea, productive cough and pleuritic chest pain for 3 days. She reports her temperature rising to 38.5°C yesterday. The patient has been taking paracetamol, which improves her fever. Her chest pain increases when taking a deep breath. Denies wheezing, dyspnoea, haemoptysis, sore throat, nasal congestion, headache.

VS: T 38.3°C, BP 124/70, HR 104, RR 20, SaO2 96% ENT: nasal mucosa clear, no pharyngeal erythema, TMs clear BL CV exam: tachycardic, regular rhythm, HS I + II + 0 Resp exam: mild use of accessory muscles, dull to percussion over LLL, crackles auscultated in LLL
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pulmonary embolism
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the treatment for acute bronchitis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Supportive care, antitussives, salbutamol or oral/inhaled steroid
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is influenza?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Viral flu caused by influenza A or B
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are common presentation of influenza?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Fever, chill, myalgias, fatigue, headache, nonproductive cough, sore throat, nasal congestion 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are common signs of influenza?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Ill-appearing, fever, tachycardia, cervical lymphadenopathy 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the diagnostic procedure for influenza?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Clinical 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is acute bronchiti?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Inflammation of the bronchioles that last up to 3 weeks
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is Chronic bronchitis? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Daily productive cough lasting 3 months
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Main cause of chronic bronchitis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Smoking
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Respiratory infections Kurs an der University of Portsmouth - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
A 40 year old male presents to your office complaining of fever, chills, malaise, nonproductive cough, headache and dyspnoea x2 days. His grandfather was ill last week with similar symptoms while patient was visiting him. He reports taking ibuprofen with minimal relief. He currently smokes 0.5 ppd, but has quit while he has been ill. Denies wheezing, chest pain, haemoptysis, n/v, diarrhoea.  

VS: T 38°C, BP 118/82, HR 102, RR 20, SaO2 96% ENT: nasal mucosa clear, no pharyngeal erythema, TMs clear BL CV exam: tachycardic, HS I + II + 0, normal rhythm Resp exam: no signs of respiratory distress, rales in RML
A:
Bacterial Pneumonia
Q:
A 53 year old female presents to your office complaining of gradually worsening productive cough and dyspnoea over the past week. She reports developing a fever of 38.1°C two days ago. The patient was recently diagnosed with HIV two weeks ago, and reports her CD4 count was found to be “150”. The patient just started taking antiretroviral therapy two weeks ago. Denies wheezing, chest pain, haemoptysis, rash, n/v, abdominal pain, diarrhoea.  

VS: T 38.2°C, BP 102/68, HR 110, RR 20, SaO2 90% ENT: nasal mucosa clear, no pharyngeal erythema,  TMs clear BL CV: tachycardic, regular rhythm, HS I + II + 0 Resp: intercostal recessions present, diffuse crackles BL lobes Abd: BS+, non-tender Skin: no rashes
A:
Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia 
Q:
What causes bronchitis?
A:
Viral
Q:
A 28 year old female with type 1 diabetes presents today complaining of fever, chills, myalgias, nausea, productive cough and pleuritic chest pain for 3 days. She reports her temperature rising to 38.5°C yesterday. The patient has been taking paracetamol, which improves her fever. Her chest pain increases when taking a deep breath. Denies wheezing, dyspnoea, haemoptysis, sore throat, nasal congestion, headache.

VS: T 38.3°C, BP 124/70, HR 104, RR 20, SaO2 96% ENT: nasal mucosa clear, no pharyngeal erythema, TMs clear BL CV exam: tachycardic, regular rhythm, HS I + II + 0 Resp exam: mild use of accessory muscles, dull to percussion over LLL, crackles auscultated in LLL
A:
Pulmonary embolism
Q:
What is the treatment for acute bronchitis?
A:
Supportive care, antitussives, salbutamol or oral/inhaled steroid
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Q:
What is influenza?
A:
Viral flu caused by influenza A or B
Q:
What are common presentation of influenza?
A:
Fever, chill, myalgias, fatigue, headache, nonproductive cough, sore throat, nasal congestion 
Q:
What are common signs of influenza?
A:
Ill-appearing, fever, tachycardia, cervical lymphadenopathy 
Q:
What is the diagnostic procedure for influenza?
A:
Clinical 
Q:
What is acute bronchiti?
A:
Inflammation of the bronchioles that last up to 3 weeks
Q:
What is Chronic bronchitis? 
A:
Daily productive cough lasting 3 months
Q:
Main cause of chronic bronchitis?
A:
Smoking
Respiratory infections

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