Cardiac And Respiratory at University Of Plymouth | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für cardiac and respiratory an der University of Plymouth

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Which layer of the cardiac wall is most at risk and damaged first in a MI?

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Subendocardium 

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Which type of supraventricular arrhythmia is usually associated with the presence of multiple ectopic pacemakers?


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Atrial fibrillation 

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Name 3 non-modifiable risk factors?


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1. Age

2. Gender

3, Family history

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With regards to a ruptured fibrous cap, what are the next 2 steps after adhesion?


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1. Activation


2. Aggregation

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A Q wave is any negative deflection that precedes an R wave and represents the normal left-to-right depolarisation of the interventricular septum. Visible Q waves in which leads could indicate a previous MI?

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V1 - V3

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ECG changes in hypermagnesia match those of which other electrolyte abnormality?


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Hyperkalaemia

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Why is the QRS complex wide in Bundle branch block?


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Slow cell to cell transmission.

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The concentration of which increases in the cell, in arrythmia?

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Ca2+ (Calcium ion)

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What is the difference between orthodromic and antidromic AVRT?

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Orthodromic: Impulse travels in the normal direction. However, instead of the signal being terminated, it travels up the accessory pathway, enabling retrograde depolarisation of the atria. Seen as a narrow complex.


Antidromic: Conducting tissue from the accessory pathway travels from the atria to the ventricles, causing a visibly wide complex.

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Cholesterol is not water soluble. How is it transported in the plasma?


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Lipoproteins

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Name 2 biomarkers found in the blood, post MI

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1. Troponin


2. Creatine-Kinase-MB (CK-MB)

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Which of the following is not an example of an arrest rhythm? 


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen cardiac and respiratory Kurs an der University of Plymouth - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Which layer of the cardiac wall is most at risk and damaged first in a MI?

A:

Subendocardium 

Q:

Which type of supraventricular arrhythmia is usually associated with the presence of multiple ectopic pacemakers?


A:

Atrial fibrillation 

Q:

Name 3 non-modifiable risk factors?


A:

1. Age

2. Gender

3, Family history

Q:
With regards to a ruptured fibrous cap, what are the next 2 steps after adhesion?


A:

1. Activation


2. Aggregation

Q:

A Q wave is any negative deflection that precedes an R wave and represents the normal left-to-right depolarisation of the interventricular septum. Visible Q waves in which leads could indicate a previous MI?

A:

V1 - V3

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
ECG changes in hypermagnesia match those of which other electrolyte abnormality?


A:

Hyperkalaemia

Q:

Why is the QRS complex wide in Bundle branch block?


A:

Slow cell to cell transmission.

Q:

The concentration of which increases in the cell, in arrythmia?

A:

Ca2+ (Calcium ion)

Q:

What is the difference between orthodromic and antidromic AVRT?

A:

Orthodromic: Impulse travels in the normal direction. However, instead of the signal being terminated, it travels up the accessory pathway, enabling retrograde depolarisation of the atria. Seen as a narrow complex.


Antidromic: Conducting tissue from the accessory pathway travels from the atria to the ventricles, causing a visibly wide complex.

Q:
Cholesterol is not water soluble. How is it transported in the plasma?


A:

Lipoproteins

Q:

Name 2 biomarkers found in the blood, post MI

A:

1. Troponin


2. Creatine-Kinase-MB (CK-MB)

Q:

Which of the following is not an example of an arrest rhythm? 


A:

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm

cardiac and respiratory

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