Pregnancy at University Of North Carolina At Charlotte | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Pregnancy an der University of North Carolina at Charlotte

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
SBP ≥140 mm Hg or DBP ≥90 mm Hg after 20 weeks on two occasions at least 4 hours apart in a woman with previously normal BP or BP ≥160/110 mm Hg confirmed within minutes and proteinuria ≥300 mg/24 hrs, protein:creatinine ≥0.3, or dipstick 1+;  OR New onset hypertension without proteinuria and any of the following: thrombocytopenia (platelets <100,000/μL), impaired liver function (liver transaminase levels more than twice normal), new renal insufficiency (creatinine >1.1 mg/dL or doubles in the absence of renal disease), pulmonary edema, or new onset cerebral or visual symptoms.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Preeclampsia
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >90 mm Hg first documented after 20 weeks, without proteinuria or other evidence of preeclampsia, that resolves by 12 weeks postpartum.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Gestational HTN
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
SBP >140 mm Hg or DBP >90 mm Hg that predates pregnancy or is diagnosed in the first 20 weeks of gestation.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Chronic hypertension
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Rapid growth in the second trimester causes tension and stretching of round ligaments that support uterus, causing sharp or cramping pain with movement or position change
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Lower abdominal pain explanation
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Stretching of skin and tearing of collagen in dermis contribute to thin, usually pink, bands, or striae gravidarum (stretch marks). These may persist or fade over time after delivery.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Abdominal striae explanation
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
High levels of estrogen, progesterone, and hCG build up endometrium and prevent menses, causing a missed period, which is often the first noticeable sign of pregnancy.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Amenorrhea explanation
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Hormonally induced relaxation of the pelvic ligaments contributes to musculoskeletal aches. Lordosis required to balance the gravid uterus contributes to lower back strain. Breast enlargement may contribute to upper backaches.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Backache explanation
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pregnancy hormones stimulate growth of breast tissue, which causes swelling and possible aching, tenderness, and tingling. Increased blood flow can make delicate veins more visible beneath the skin.  .
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Breast tenderness
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  Constipation results from slowed gastrointestinal transit due to hormonal changes, dehydration from nausea and vomiting, and supplemental iron in prenatal vitamins.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Constipation
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  Irregular and unpredictable uterine contractions (Braxton Hicks contractions) are rarely associated with labor. Contractions that become regular or painful should be evaluated for onset of labor.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Contractions
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Decreased venous return, obstruction of lymphatic flow, and reduced plasma colloid oncotic pressure commonly cause lower extremity edema. However, sudden severe edema and hypertension may signal preeclampsia.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Edema
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
estimated by taking the LMP, adding 7 days, subtracting 3 months, and adding 1 year.
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Naegele rule, the EDD
Lösung ausblenden
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Q:
SBP ≥140 mm Hg or DBP ≥90 mm Hg after 20 weeks on two occasions at least 4 hours apart in a woman with previously normal BP or BP ≥160/110 mm Hg confirmed within minutes and proteinuria ≥300 mg/24 hrs, protein:creatinine ≥0.3, or dipstick 1+;  OR New onset hypertension without proteinuria and any of the following: thrombocytopenia (platelets <100,000/μL), impaired liver function (liver transaminase levels more than twice normal), new renal insufficiency (creatinine >1.1 mg/dL or doubles in the absence of renal disease), pulmonary edema, or new onset cerebral or visual symptoms.
A:
Preeclampsia
Q:
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >90 mm Hg first documented after 20 weeks, without proteinuria or other evidence of preeclampsia, that resolves by 12 weeks postpartum.
A:
Gestational HTN
Q:
SBP >140 mm Hg or DBP >90 mm Hg that predates pregnancy or is diagnosed in the first 20 weeks of gestation.
A:
Chronic hypertension
Q:
Rapid growth in the second trimester causes tension and stretching of round ligaments that support uterus, causing sharp or cramping pain with movement or position change
A:
Lower abdominal pain explanation
Q:
Stretching of skin and tearing of collagen in dermis contribute to thin, usually pink, bands, or striae gravidarum (stretch marks). These may persist or fade over time after delivery.
A:
Abdominal striae explanation
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
High levels of estrogen, progesterone, and hCG build up endometrium and prevent menses, causing a missed period, which is often the first noticeable sign of pregnancy.
A:
Amenorrhea explanation
Q:
Hormonally induced relaxation of the pelvic ligaments contributes to musculoskeletal aches. Lordosis required to balance the gravid uterus contributes to lower back strain. Breast enlargement may contribute to upper backaches.
A:
Backache explanation
Q:
Pregnancy hormones stimulate growth of breast tissue, which causes swelling and possible aching, tenderness, and tingling. Increased blood flow can make delicate veins more visible beneath the skin.  .
A:
Breast tenderness
Q:
  Constipation results from slowed gastrointestinal transit due to hormonal changes, dehydration from nausea and vomiting, and supplemental iron in prenatal vitamins.
A:
Constipation
Q:
  Irregular and unpredictable uterine contractions (Braxton Hicks contractions) are rarely associated with labor. Contractions that become regular or painful should be evaluated for onset of labor.
A:
Contractions
Q:
Decreased venous return, obstruction of lymphatic flow, and reduced plasma colloid oncotic pressure commonly cause lower extremity edema. However, sudden severe edema and hypertension may signal preeclampsia.
A:
Edema
Q:
estimated by taking the LMP, adding 7 days, subtracting 3 months, and adding 1 year.
A:
Naegele rule, the EDD
Pregnancy

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