Emergency First Aid at University Of Nizwa | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Emergency first aid an der University of Nizwa

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
what is the defenition of first aid? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
it is the initial assistance or treatment given to  someone who is injured or suddenly ill.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
talk about “making a call”
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- When calling emergency services, state ur name clearly and that you are acting as a first aider.
- the 5 details are essential:
1- your number 2- location of incident(provide landmarks or road names) 3- type and severity of emergency 4- number, sex, age, condition of casualty. 5- details of any hazards: gas, petrol, powerline damage. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How do you build up trust with a casualty 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
this is done by talking to the casualty throughout treatment.
- explaining what your going to do
- answering questions honestly to alleviate fear but saying no if you do not know. 
- constantly reassure the casualty and inform rest of kin.
- to not leave a dying casualty or one with serious injuries. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How do you give care with confidence 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- being in control of emotions 
- acting calmly and logically 
- being gentle but firm
- speaking to the casualty kindly but also clearly and purposefully 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 7 points to being a first aider
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1- learning first aid skills 
2- doing your best 
3- assessing risk
4- giving care with confidence 
5- building up trust 
6- talking to relatives 
7- coping with children 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 4 principle steps of action at emergency 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1- assess the situation 
2- make the area safe 
3- give first aid 
4- get help from others 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How do you “assess the situation”? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- approach should be brisk but calm ans controlled.
-identify any risks to yourself, casualty, or bystander, 
- when offering help, state you have first aid skills
- if no doctor, nurse or experienced person is available, calmly take charge. 
-ask these questions: (is there any danger? is anyones life in immidiate danger? are there any bystanders who can help? do i need specialist help?) 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How do you make the area safe?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- put your own safety first, danger may still be present.
- simple measures like switching off car ignition is enough, if you cannot then put distance between life-threatening hazard and casualty.
-remove casualty from danger as last resort, you will need specialist help and equipment. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Talk about “give first aid” 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-quickly carry out initial assessment so casualty is treated immediately. 
-don’t delay in calling for help, a bystander can do this
- for each casualty ask: are they breathing? are their airways open? is there signs of circulation? are they concious?  
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Talk about “get help from others” 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
ask other ppl to do the following:
-  making area safe, calling for help, get first aid equipment, control traffic and onlookers, arrange transportation of casualty, maintain casualty privacy, control bleeding or supporting a limb. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Talk about controlling bystanders 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- reactions of bystanders can be cause of concern. 
- some might feel helpless or afraid if they have no 1st aid experience, if they are involved in the incident they may be injured or distressed. 
- when asking bystanders to help, use a firm but gentle manner. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How do you deal with an incident with multiple casualties 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
- make sure emergency services are recontacted and given accurate info
- assess the scene, make it safe, then start giving first aid
Lösung ausblenden
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Q:
what is the defenition of first aid? 
A:
it is the initial assistance or treatment given to  someone who is injured or suddenly ill.
Q:
talk about “making a call”
A:
- When calling emergency services, state ur name clearly and that you are acting as a first aider.
- the 5 details are essential:
1- your number 2- location of incident(provide landmarks or road names) 3- type and severity of emergency 4- number, sex, age, condition of casualty. 5- details of any hazards: gas, petrol, powerline damage. 
Q:
How do you build up trust with a casualty 
A:
this is done by talking to the casualty throughout treatment.
- explaining what your going to do
- answering questions honestly to alleviate fear but saying no if you do not know. 
- constantly reassure the casualty and inform rest of kin.
- to not leave a dying casualty or one with serious injuries. 
Q:
How do you give care with confidence 
A:
- being in control of emotions 
- acting calmly and logically 
- being gentle but firm
- speaking to the casualty kindly but also clearly and purposefully 
Q:
What are the 7 points to being a first aider
A:
1- learning first aid skills 
2- doing your best 
3- assessing risk
4- giving care with confidence 
5- building up trust 
6- talking to relatives 
7- coping with children 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What are the 4 principle steps of action at emergency 
A:
1- assess the situation 
2- make the area safe 
3- give first aid 
4- get help from others 
Q:
How do you “assess the situation”? 
A:
- approach should be brisk but calm ans controlled.
-identify any risks to yourself, casualty, or bystander, 
- when offering help, state you have first aid skills
- if no doctor, nurse or experienced person is available, calmly take charge. 
-ask these questions: (is there any danger? is anyones life in immidiate danger? are there any bystanders who can help? do i need specialist help?) 
Q:
How do you make the area safe?
A:
- put your own safety first, danger may still be present.
- simple measures like switching off car ignition is enough, if you cannot then put distance between life-threatening hazard and casualty.
-remove casualty from danger as last resort, you will need specialist help and equipment. 
Q:
Talk about “give first aid” 
A:
-quickly carry out initial assessment so casualty is treated immediately. 
-don’t delay in calling for help, a bystander can do this
- for each casualty ask: are they breathing? are their airways open? is there signs of circulation? are they concious?  
Q:
Talk about “get help from others” 
A:
ask other ppl to do the following:
-  making area safe, calling for help, get first aid equipment, control traffic and onlookers, arrange transportation of casualty, maintain casualty privacy, control bleeding or supporting a limb. 
Q:
Talk about controlling bystanders 
A:
- reactions of bystanders can be cause of concern. 
- some might feel helpless or afraid if they have no 1st aid experience, if they are involved in the incident they may be injured or distressed. 
- when asking bystanders to help, use a firm but gentle manner. 
Q:
How do you deal with an incident with multiple casualties 
A:
- make sure emergency services are recontacted and given accurate info
- assess the scene, make it safe, then start giving first aid
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