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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is a constitution? 

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A set of fundamental laws of the state. They take many different forms.
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According to Peter Hanks, what is a constitution? 
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“A set of rules which define the institutions of government, assign to them areas of operation, set limits to their functions, establish their inter-relationships and prescribe the relative rights and obligations of other, non-governmental interests. This dual character- political and legal- is not unique to constitutional law… But constitutional law’s combination of these elements is more overt, more conscious and more central- indeed, symbiotic: the very reason for the development and existence of these rules is to define, organise, contain and enhance the exercise of political power; and the content of these rules responds to historical, social, economic and political developments.”
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What is the UK made up of? 
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3 nations; England, Scotland and Wales and one region; Northern Ireland. England is the most populated with 53 million meaning it has much more power (relative to other states.) 
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What does the constitution account for? 
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Accountability of government.
Morally acceptable to citizens.
Popular support to citizens.
Establish rights.
Define instructions and functions.
Permanency.
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What is the separation of powers made up of? 
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The executive
The legislature
The judiciary 
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An uncodified UK constitution: 
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It is not unwritten, merely uncodified, meaning it is not codified and written down in a single document. 
Sources: constitutional conventions, court judgments and common law. 
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Flat constitution: UK Constitution
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It is the same level as every other law in the state. It lacks a hierarchy and there are two illustrations of this; amendment procedures and review procedures. 
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Amendment procedures
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Most constitutions require a special procedure the change articles (e.g Article 47 of the Irish Constitution and Article 5 of the US Constitution.) UK’s constitutional law does not have any special procedure- it can be changed by a normal act. 
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Amendment procedures: securing stability
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The Constitution should be permanent enough to secure stability, but not so permanent as to be able to respond to social issues.
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US Constitution- is it too rigid? 
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Arguably, yes. It is difficult to change old provisions e.g. the 2nd Amendment; right to bear arms. It requires 2/3 of the senate, 2/3 of the congress and 3/4 state legislation to change it. 
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UK Constitution: is it too flexible? 
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Arguably, yes. It is too easy to change important laws e.g repealing the Human Rights Act 1998. 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Review procedures 
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Under UK law, higher courts have no power to annul legislation- unlike US law where if legislature passes a law that the higher courts consider is incompatible with the constitution, the court can annul that law (see Marbury v Johnson). 
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Q:
What is a constitution? 

A:
A set of fundamental laws of the state. They take many different forms.
Q:
According to Peter Hanks, what is a constitution? 
A:
“A set of rules which define the institutions of government, assign to them areas of operation, set limits to their functions, establish their inter-relationships and prescribe the relative rights and obligations of other, non-governmental interests. This dual character- political and legal- is not unique to constitutional law… But constitutional law’s combination of these elements is more overt, more conscious and more central- indeed, symbiotic: the very reason for the development and existence of these rules is to define, organise, contain and enhance the exercise of political power; and the content of these rules responds to historical, social, economic and political developments.”
Q:
What is the UK made up of? 
A:
3 nations; England, Scotland and Wales and one region; Northern Ireland. England is the most populated with 53 million meaning it has much more power (relative to other states.) 
Q:
What does the constitution account for? 
A:
Accountability of government.
Morally acceptable to citizens.
Popular support to citizens.
Establish rights.
Define instructions and functions.
Permanency.
Q:
What is the separation of powers made up of? 
A:
The executive
The legislature
The judiciary 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
An uncodified UK constitution: 
A:
It is not unwritten, merely uncodified, meaning it is not codified and written down in a single document. 
Sources: constitutional conventions, court judgments and common law. 
Q:
Flat constitution: UK Constitution
A:
It is the same level as every other law in the state. It lacks a hierarchy and there are two illustrations of this; amendment procedures and review procedures. 
Q:
Amendment procedures
A:
Most constitutions require a special procedure the change articles (e.g Article 47 of the Irish Constitution and Article 5 of the US Constitution.) UK’s constitutional law does not have any special procedure- it can be changed by a normal act. 
Q:
Amendment procedures: securing stability
A:
The Constitution should be permanent enough to secure stability, but not so permanent as to be able to respond to social issues.
Q:
US Constitution- is it too rigid? 
A:
Arguably, yes. It is difficult to change old provisions e.g. the 2nd Amendment; right to bear arms. It requires 2/3 of the senate, 2/3 of the congress and 3/4 state legislation to change it. 
Q:
UK Constitution: is it too flexible? 
A:
Arguably, yes. It is too easy to change important laws e.g repealing the Human Rights Act 1998. 
Q:
Review procedures 
A:
Under UK law, higher courts have no power to annul legislation- unlike US law where if legislature passes a law that the higher courts consider is incompatible with the constitution, the court can annul that law (see Marbury v Johnson). 
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