1. The Martin’s Act established in 1822, prevents the ill-treatment of cattle (horses and other animals). Those in violation of this, received a monetary fine.
2. Society for prevention of cruelty to animals (SPCA) established in 1824. Used to enforce animal cruelty legislation.
3. Pease’s Act, established in 1835, is an amendment of Martin’s Act. Used to prevent torture, and gives more protection for bulls, dogs calves and lambs. Those in violation, can be imprisoned or fined. There was some opposition to this, as many people invested money in animal fighting.
4. The RSPCA was offered a patronage, which legitimised their movement.
5. In 1849, the prevention of cruelty to animals act was established. This act did not need to establish whether defendant acted in cruelty, liability was also extended beyond the defendant. This made it illegal for people to participate in the e-commerce of animals.
6. In 1876, it now became an offence to conduct experiments on animals that caused pain. Except in situations if experiments saved lives, alleviate suffering or advanced physiological knowledge.
7. In 1900, protection was granted wild animals in captivity.
8. The animal welfare act was established in 2006, offenders could be fined up to £20,000, imprisoned for six months, and would also pay any costs incurred by the prosecution. Including the cost of caring for, and treating the animal that was harmed.