Chapter 2 Cardiovascular at University Of Hertfordshire | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Chapter 2 Cardiovascular an der University of Hertfordshire

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What is the aim of treatment?

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Reduce symptoms (SAD palpitation)

 

Prevent complication (Stroke)

 

All patients with AF need to be assessed for risk of stroke and thromboembolism

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If LMWH are contraindicated in the initial treatment of DVT and PE, what alternative can be given?

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IV unfractionated heparin as alternative

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What is the dose of dabigatran for patients aged 18 - 74 years old?

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150mg BD, following at least 5 day treatment with a parenteral anticoagulant

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What is the max dose of simvastatin if the patient is also taking amiodarone or rate limiting CCB (verapamil or diltiazem)

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max dose of simvastatin is 20mg

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What are the two types of venous thromboembolism (VTE)

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Pulmonary embolism (PE) - blockage of an artery in the lungs

 

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) clot in body, usually in legs

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What 2 type of treatments are used for VTE and PE prophylaxis?

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Mechanical (special stockings) 

Pharmacological

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What is the indication of apixaban?

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Prophylaxis of stroke & systemic embolism in non valvular AF and at least one risk factor 


Risk factors

  • Stroke/TIA,
  • HF
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Age 75 an above
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List Noac drugs

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Dabigatran

Apixaban

Rivaroxaban

Edoxaban

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What is the antidote for rivaroxaban and apixaban?

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Andexanet alfa (brand name is ondexxya)

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What drug increases simvastatin concentration?

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Grape fruit juice

Ketoconazole

Miconazole

Clarithromycin 

Erythromycin

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How is new onset AF managed in life-threatening haemodynamic instability?

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Life threatening haemodynamic instability caused by new onset AF

 

Give rhythm control (electric cardioversion  is preferred over rhythm control drugs)


Give IV parenteral anticoagulants
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What is the antidote for warfarin ADRs?

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Vitamin K (phytomenadione)

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Q:

What is the aim of treatment?

A:

Reduce symptoms (SAD palpitation)

 

Prevent complication (Stroke)

 

All patients with AF need to be assessed for risk of stroke and thromboembolism

Q:

If LMWH are contraindicated in the initial treatment of DVT and PE, what alternative can be given?

A:

IV unfractionated heparin as alternative

Q:

What is the dose of dabigatran for patients aged 18 - 74 years old?

A:

150mg BD, following at least 5 day treatment with a parenteral anticoagulant

Q:

What is the max dose of simvastatin if the patient is also taking amiodarone or rate limiting CCB (verapamil or diltiazem)

A:

max dose of simvastatin is 20mg

Q:

What are the two types of venous thromboembolism (VTE)

A:

Pulmonary embolism (PE) - blockage of an artery in the lungs

 

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) clot in body, usually in legs

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What 2 type of treatments are used for VTE and PE prophylaxis?

A:

Mechanical (special stockings) 

Pharmacological

Q:

What is the indication of apixaban?

A:

Prophylaxis of stroke & systemic embolism in non valvular AF and at least one risk factor 


Risk factors

  • Stroke/TIA,
  • HF
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Age 75 an above
Q:

List Noac drugs

A:

Dabigatran

Apixaban

Rivaroxaban

Edoxaban

Q:

What is the antidote for rivaroxaban and apixaban?

A:

Andexanet alfa (brand name is ondexxya)

Q:

What drug increases simvastatin concentration?

A:

Grape fruit juice

Ketoconazole

Miconazole

Clarithromycin 

Erythromycin

Q:

How is new onset AF managed in life-threatening haemodynamic instability?

A:

Life threatening haemodynamic instability caused by new onset AF

 

Give rhythm control (electric cardioversion  is preferred over rhythm control drugs)


Give IV parenteral anticoagulants
Q:

What is the antidote for warfarin ADRs?

A:

Vitamin K (phytomenadione)

Chapter 2 Cardiovascular

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