Online Assessment- University of Leiden at University of Groningen

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Online Assessment- University of Leiden at the University of Groningen

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What are the three fundamental ideas for Psychology?

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What is Psychology?

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Dualism

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Descartes’ dualism

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Hobbes’s materialism

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What best describes the concept of Reflexology?

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What is the concept of localization of function in the brain?

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What is Empiricism?

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What does the law of association by continuity explain?

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What is Nativism?

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Immanuel Kant- Prior and posteriori knowledge

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Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection

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Exemplary flashcards for Online Assessment- University of Leiden at the University of Groningen on StudySmarter:

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

What are the three fundamental ideas for Psychology?
1) The idea that behavior and mental experiences have physical causes that can be studied scientifically
2) The idea that the mind and behavior are shaped over time by experience and the environment
3) The idea that the body’s machinery, which produces behavior and mental experiences evolved trough evolution by natural selection

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

What is Psychology?
The science of behavior and the mind

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

Dualism

-Each human being consist of two distinct but ultimately conjoined entities:  a material body and an immaterial soul
human mind and body two distinct entities that interact with each other to make a person

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

Descartes’ dualism
-Placed more emphasis on the role of the body.  
-Nonhuman animals have no soul
-thoughts are the one essential ability of humans
-Descartes reasoned that the mind and the body communicate with each other trough a small structure at the base of the brain called the pineal gland

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

Hobbes’s materialism
Behavior is completely a product of the body and thus physically caused

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

What best describes the concept of Reflexology?
All human behavior occurs through reflexes

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

What is the concept of localization of function in the brain?
The idea that specific parts of the brain serve specific functions in the production of mental experience and behavior

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

What is Empiricism?
​Empiricism: The theory that all knowledge is based on experience derived from the senses

Empiricism states that the only source of knowledge comes trough our senses.
All Knowledge is based on or may come from experience
The idea that human knowledge and thought are rooted in sensory experience

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

What does the law of association by continuity explain?
Explains how two or more sensory experiences are bound together to form an idea or thought

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

What is Nativism?
Most basic forms of human knowledge is innate and such knowledge provides the foundation for human nature, including the abilities to learn

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

Immanuel Kant- Prior and posteriori knowledge
-a prior knowledge= built into the human brain, does not have to be learned
-a posteriori knowledge= one gains from experience in the environment

Online Assessment- University of Leiden

Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection
Darwin proposed that natural selection underlies the evolution of behavioral tendencies (along with anatomical characteristics) that promote survival and reproduction

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