Biological Basis Of Behaviour LH at University Of Exeter | Flashcards & Summaries

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What is the practise of using lesions to attempt to explain neural basis of behaviour

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The unethical practise of administering large lesions to animal particpants brains and explain the deficits in behaviour as to the location of the particular lesion. Often the lesions were large and had little temporal resolution, which effected the reliability of actually naming the behaviour to specific lesions. 

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Where are norepinephrine cell bodies located?

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locus coeruleus

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Whta is Alien hand syndrome?

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Characterized by a limb that seems to perform meaningful acts without being guided by the intention of the patient

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Who and what was the first redcutionist (mechanistic) account of movement?

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Descartes

A ‘balloonist’ theory of neural communication - the model where the foot was placed in the flames and this created an expansion of fluids. This expansion would cause fluid to build up and travel upwards towards the brain. Once at the brain the expanded fluid would then be re-directed down the body and towards the foot that is placed in the fire. This expansion of fluid would cause the foot to move. 

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What causes alien hand syndrome? 

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Often due to damage to the anterior (front) corpus callosum.

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How is bioavailability is determined by absoption?

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where and how the drug is absorbed and how this would effect uptake into the system to obtain the destired effects on homeostasis 

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What is the nature of behavioral neuroscience

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• Reductionism and generalisation 

• The utility of laboratory models

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Who discorvered the Broca's area? 

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Paul Broca

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How is bioavailability is determined by Rate

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Rate - speed of administration - injecting into blood quicker would give a greater effect

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What is behavioral neuroscience?

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• The methods and the theories of these two fields are combined to try and explain how biology gives rise to psychology. 

• These combined methods and theories have been applied to the topics we cover in this series: Consciousness, sleep, reproduction, emotion, feeding, learning and memory, neurological disorders, mental illness, and addiction.

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What is an antagonist?

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An antagonist refers to a drug that does not fit the shapes of active sites of neurotransmitters or hormones and in doing so blocks or cloggs the receptors from performing their role. Antagonists relate to no drug effects as opposed to drug effects. 

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Give evidence for norephinephrine

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A study on monkeys and how their pulip dilation fluctuat througout the day - dilation of pupils is correlated with activation of the LC neurons, which leads to the thought that norephinephrine is implicated in alertness. 

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Q:

What is the practise of using lesions to attempt to explain neural basis of behaviour

A:

The unethical practise of administering large lesions to animal particpants brains and explain the deficits in behaviour as to the location of the particular lesion. Often the lesions were large and had little temporal resolution, which effected the reliability of actually naming the behaviour to specific lesions. 

Q:

Where are norepinephrine cell bodies located?

A:

locus coeruleus

Q:

Whta is Alien hand syndrome?

A:

Characterized by a limb that seems to perform meaningful acts without being guided by the intention of the patient

Q:

Who and what was the first redcutionist (mechanistic) account of movement?

A:

Descartes

A ‘balloonist’ theory of neural communication - the model where the foot was placed in the flames and this created an expansion of fluids. This expansion would cause fluid to build up and travel upwards towards the brain. Once at the brain the expanded fluid would then be re-directed down the body and towards the foot that is placed in the fire. This expansion of fluid would cause the foot to move. 

Q:

What causes alien hand syndrome? 

A:

Often due to damage to the anterior (front) corpus callosum.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

How is bioavailability is determined by absoption?

A:

where and how the drug is absorbed and how this would effect uptake into the system to obtain the destired effects on homeostasis 

Q:

What is the nature of behavioral neuroscience

A:

• Reductionism and generalisation 

• The utility of laboratory models

Q:

Who discorvered the Broca's area? 

A:

Paul Broca

Q:

How is bioavailability is determined by Rate

A:

Rate - speed of administration - injecting into blood quicker would give a greater effect

Q:

What is behavioral neuroscience?

A:

• The methods and the theories of these two fields are combined to try and explain how biology gives rise to psychology. 

• These combined methods and theories have been applied to the topics we cover in this series: Consciousness, sleep, reproduction, emotion, feeding, learning and memory, neurological disorders, mental illness, and addiction.

Q:

What is an antagonist?

A:

An antagonist refers to a drug that does not fit the shapes of active sites of neurotransmitters or hormones and in doing so blocks or cloggs the receptors from performing their role. Antagonists relate to no drug effects as opposed to drug effects. 

Q:

Give evidence for norephinephrine

A:

A study on monkeys and how their pulip dilation fluctuat througout the day - dilation of pupils is correlated with activation of the LC neurons, which leads to the thought that norephinephrine is implicated in alertness. 

Biological Basis of Behaviour LH

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