Biodiversity at University Of East Anglia | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für biodiversity an der University of East Anglia

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When was sustainability a new idea?

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1994

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What was the definition of sustainable development in the "our common future" (WCED, 1987)?
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"Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs"
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What does the economic pillar of sustainability refer to?

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Allocation, distribution and use of scarce resources. 

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What is the economist lead "market baced mechanisms" ?
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Human capital (skills, knowledge and technology ect...), Physical capital (housing roads and machinery ect...) And natural capital (stocks of natural resources such as oil and minerals, but also biological diversity, atmospheric and hydrological cycles ect...) trading between these groups
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What is constant natural capital?
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Capital that must be maintained in some form but can be adapted or replaced. 
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What are the three pillars of sustainable development?

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Economic, social and Environmental.

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In what year was sustainable development emerging as a concept ?

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1980's

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What is the problem behind this definition of sustainable development?" Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".
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What do we know in the present about the needs of future people? Needs are linked to development itself. It can be dependant on individual society's.
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What was the purpose and date of the first UN independant group baced on biodiversity?

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Created in 1984 and was meant to identify long-term environmental strategies for the international community.
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What was the point of "agenda 21"
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It details the issues the actors and the means for achieving sustainable development by the start of the 21st century.
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Why are definitions important
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They are the basis on which the means for achieving sustainable development are born.
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What is the UK governments principles of sustainable development?
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Development living within the environmental limmits and respecting the natural limmits of the planet. Ensuring a strong healthy and just society meeting the diverse needs of all living and future populations. 
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Q:

When was sustainability a new idea?

A:

1994

Q:
What was the definition of sustainable development in the "our common future" (WCED, 1987)?
A:
"Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs"
Q:

What does the economic pillar of sustainability refer to?

A:

Allocation, distribution and use of scarce resources. 

Q:
What is the economist lead "market baced mechanisms" ?
A:
Human capital (skills, knowledge and technology ect...), Physical capital (housing roads and machinery ect...) And natural capital (stocks of natural resources such as oil and minerals, but also biological diversity, atmospheric and hydrological cycles ect...) trading between these groups
Q:
What is constant natural capital?
A:
Capital that must be maintained in some form but can be adapted or replaced. 
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Q:

What are the three pillars of sustainable development?

A:

Economic, social and Environmental.

Q:

In what year was sustainable development emerging as a concept ?

A:

1980's

Q:
What is the problem behind this definition of sustainable development?" Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".
A:
What do we know in the present about the needs of future people? Needs are linked to development itself. It can be dependant on individual society's.
Q:
What was the purpose and date of the first UN independant group baced on biodiversity?

A:
Created in 1984 and was meant to identify long-term environmental strategies for the international community.
Q:
What was the point of "agenda 21"
A:
It details the issues the actors and the means for achieving sustainable development by the start of the 21st century.
Q:
Why are definitions important
A:
They are the basis on which the means for achieving sustainable development are born.
Q:
What is the UK governments principles of sustainable development?
A:
Development living within the environmental limmits and respecting the natural limmits of the planet. Ensuring a strong healthy and just society meeting the diverse needs of all living and future populations. 
biodiversity

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