Scottish Property Law at University Of Dundee | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Scottish Property Law an der University of Dundee

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the difference between a real right and a personal right?

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Real rights are rights that people have in things, remember a real right is directly in a thing such as mortgages and ownership. 


A personal right is against another person for example delict and contract law.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is the transfer of rights?


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Much of property law is about the transfer of rights from one person to another, in other words from one person's patrimony to another's.


[patrimony - a right with economic value, ownership of land].

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What is the constitution of rights and the extinction of rights?

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​[In normal language - birth and death]

For example, Oliver, owner of Blackmains, grants to his neighbour Nigella, owner of Whitemains, a servitude of way across his land. That is a new right. If a century later, Nigella’s successor as owner of Whitemains grants a ‘discharge’ of the servitude, then the servitude is extinguished. Another example, Kate owns Greenmains and grants Linda a 100-year lease. That creates a new right. A few years later, Linda assigns the lease to Mandy. That is a transfer: a right passes from one person to another. Personal rights are mostly never transferred. 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Is Property law part of public law or private law?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Property law can be included in public law i.e. public property. Private law is involved: i.e. think about its relationship with the law of obligations [contract, delict and unjustified enrichment], family law and commercial law. 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the sources of Scottish Property Law?

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Usual sources: eg statute, case law, institutional writings [eg Stair, Erskine, Bell].


Property law over the last 20 years has gone through reform the most notable statutes are:


Title Conditions [Scotland] Act 2003

Tenements [Scotland] Act 2004

Land Registration etc [Scotland] Act 2012

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

How is Scottish Property Law related to Human Rights?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

European Convention on Human Rights [ECHR], Article 1 of Protocol 1:

'Every natural or legal person is entitled to the peaceful enjoyment of his possessions. No one shall be deprived of his possessions except in the public interest and subject to the conditions provided for by law and by the general principles of international law.'


Limited Scottish case law:

Salvesen v Riddell [2013] UKSC 22, 2013 SC [UKSC] 236

Karl Construction Ltd v Palisade Properties plc 202 SC 270 [and Bankruptcy and Diligence etc [Scotland] Act 2007, Pt 6].


Ali v Serco Ltd [2020] CSIH 54, 2020 SC 182 


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why is insolvency important?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

'A full understanding of property law requires an understanding of insolvency.'




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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

If Property law is about the real rights in things, what types of categories are things divided into?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Things = res [Roman Law]

Things can be Corporeal [can you touch it]

Incorporeal is something you cannot touch.


Moveable items are something that can be moved.

Immovable items are something that cannot be moved. 


In Scotland, Immoveable property [things] is normally called Heritable property [things] 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is ownership [dominium]?

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​The principal [or main] real right. 

Erskine, 'The right of using and disposing of a subject as our own, except in so far as we are retrained by law or paction.'



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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is a bundle of rights?

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Essentially property has 3 essential rights:
Right to use [usus, jus utendi]

Right to transfer or destroy [abusus, jus abutendi]

Right to take fruits [fructus, jus fruendi]


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Are the limits?


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

There can be limits such as things like planning permission.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is property law concerned with?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

In the narrow sense, property law is the law of physical things such as land and buildings, apples and bicycles. 

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Q:

What is the difference between a real right and a personal right?

A:

Real rights are rights that people have in things, remember a real right is directly in a thing such as mortgages and ownership. 


A personal right is against another person for example delict and contract law.

Q:

What is the transfer of rights?


A:

Much of property law is about the transfer of rights from one person to another, in other words from one person's patrimony to another's.


[patrimony - a right with economic value, ownership of land].

Q:

What is the constitution of rights and the extinction of rights?

A:

​[In normal language - birth and death]

For example, Oliver, owner of Blackmains, grants to his neighbour Nigella, owner of Whitemains, a servitude of way across his land. That is a new right. If a century later, Nigella’s successor as owner of Whitemains grants a ‘discharge’ of the servitude, then the servitude is extinguished. Another example, Kate owns Greenmains and grants Linda a 100-year lease. That creates a new right. A few years later, Linda assigns the lease to Mandy. That is a transfer: a right passes from one person to another. Personal rights are mostly never transferred. 

Q:

Is Property law part of public law or private law?


A:

Property law can be included in public law i.e. public property. Private law is involved: i.e. think about its relationship with the law of obligations [contract, delict and unjustified enrichment], family law and commercial law. 

Q:

What are the sources of Scottish Property Law?

A:

Usual sources: eg statute, case law, institutional writings [eg Stair, Erskine, Bell].


Property law over the last 20 years has gone through reform the most notable statutes are:


Title Conditions [Scotland] Act 2003

Tenements [Scotland] Act 2004

Land Registration etc [Scotland] Act 2012

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

How is Scottish Property Law related to Human Rights?


A:

European Convention on Human Rights [ECHR], Article 1 of Protocol 1:

'Every natural or legal person is entitled to the peaceful enjoyment of his possessions. No one shall be deprived of his possessions except in the public interest and subject to the conditions provided for by law and by the general principles of international law.'


Limited Scottish case law:

Salvesen v Riddell [2013] UKSC 22, 2013 SC [UKSC] 236

Karl Construction Ltd v Palisade Properties plc 202 SC 270 [and Bankruptcy and Diligence etc [Scotland] Act 2007, Pt 6].


Ali v Serco Ltd [2020] CSIH 54, 2020 SC 182 


Q:

Why is insolvency important?


A:

'A full understanding of property law requires an understanding of insolvency.'




Q:

If Property law is about the real rights in things, what types of categories are things divided into?

A:

Things = res [Roman Law]

Things can be Corporeal [can you touch it]

Incorporeal is something you cannot touch.


Moveable items are something that can be moved.

Immovable items are something that cannot be moved. 


In Scotland, Immoveable property [things] is normally called Heritable property [things] 

Q:

What is ownership [dominium]?

A:

​The principal [or main] real right. 

Erskine, 'The right of using and disposing of a subject as our own, except in so far as we are retrained by law or paction.'



Q:

What is a bundle of rights?

A:

Essentially property has 3 essential rights:
Right to use [usus, jus utendi]

Right to transfer or destroy [abusus, jus abutendi]

Right to take fruits [fructus, jus fruendi]


Q:

Are the limits?


A:

There can be limits such as things like planning permission.

Q:

What is property law concerned with?

A:

In the narrow sense, property law is the law of physical things such as land and buildings, apples and bicycles. 

Scottish Property Law

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