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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which report has been released by Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) in  November month? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
“Mapping India’s Climate Vulnerability – A District-level Assessment
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What does “Mapping India’s Climate Vulnerability – A District-level Assessment report of November month show ?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • index has analysed 640 districts in India
  • 463 of these are vulnerable to extreme
  • 27 Indian states and Union territories are vulnerable to extreme
  • More than 80% of Indians live in districts vulnerable to climate risks. 
  • More than 60% of Indian districts have medium to low adaptive capacity in handling extreme weather events.
  • 17 of 20 people in the country are vulnerable to climate risks, out of which every five Indians live in areas that are extremely vulnerable.
  • More than 45% of these districts have undergone “unsustainable landscape and infrastructure changes”.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which are the most vulnerable to extreme climate States??
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Bihar
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What does World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Greenhouse Gas Bulletin show??
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
greenhouse gases in the atmosphere once again reached a new record last year (2020), with an annual rate of increase above the 2011-2020 average.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which organization had  realised  United in science 2021??
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Court order on Pegasus virus
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • SC sets up committee to examine Pegasus allegations Power of state to snoop into people’s ‘sacred private space’ is not absolute: Bench
  • Petitioner relied on an investigation conducted by a consortium of global media.
  • reports revealed that hundreds of phone numbers from India had appeared on a global list of more than 50,000 numbers that were selected for surveillance by clients of the Israeli firm, the NSO Group.
  • October 27, the Supreme Court of India appointed an independent committee to inquire into charges that the Union government had used the mobile phone spyware Pegasus
  • July, the West Bengal government set up a Commission of Inquiry comprising
1 .Former Supreme Court Justice Madan B Lokur and2. Former Calcutta High Court Justice Jyotirmay Bhattacharya to look into the same allegations.
  • the judges said , “indiscriminate spying on individuals cannot be allowed except with sufficient statutory safeguards, by following the procedure established by law under the Constitution.”
  • Article 21 can be deprived so long as there is merely a “Procedure established by Law".
  • this procedural law must be “fair, just and reasonable"
  • Court has effectively recognised that an act of surveillance must be tested on four grounds:
1.the action must be supported by legislation;
2. the state must show the Court that the restriction made is aimed at a legitimate governmental end;
3. the state must demonstrate that there are no less intrusive means available to it to achieve the same objective;
4.  the state must establish that there is a rational nexus between the limitation imposed and the aims underlying the measure.
  •  It effectively claimed that the interests of the country’s safety meant that it was under no obligation to tell the Court whether it in fact used the software or not.
  • This is a strategy that has worked well in the past.
Recent Steps Taken in India
  • Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative: It was launched in 2018 with an aim to spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments.
  •  National Cyber security Coordination Centre (NCCC): In 2017, the NCCC was developed to scan internet traffic and communication metadata (which are little snippets of information hidden inside each communication) coming into the country to detect real-time cyber threats.
  •  Cyber Swachhta Kendra: In 2017, this platform was introduced for internet users to clean their computers and devices by wiping out viruses and malware.
  • Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C): I4C was recently inaugurated by the government.
  •  National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal has also been launched pan India.
  • Computer Emergency Response Team - India (CERT-IN): It is the nodal agency which deals with cybersecurity threats like hacking and phishing.
LEGISLATION
1. Information Technology Act, 2000.
2. Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What's the level of nitrous oxide ( N2O) of the level in 1750??
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
123%

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Why has Supreme Court (SC) appointed an expert committee on Pegasus virus ??
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
to be overseen by a retired apex court judge (Justice Raveendran Committee)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Why did court reject  the government’s plea to set up its own probe??
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
government appointment of probe would violate the settled judicial principle against bias( like ‘justice must not only be done, but also be seen to be done’.)

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
On which topics court had asked to Ravindra committee to make recommendations?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
on a legal & policy framework to protect citizens against surveillance and enhance cyber security of the country.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Works  and aim of krishi UDAN 2.0 Scheme??
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Facilitate and incentivize movement of agri-produce by air transportation by giving a full waiver of landing, parking, Terminal Navigation and Landing Charges and Route Navigation Facilities Charges for domestic airlines.
  • Strengthen Cargo related infrastructure at airports and off airports by facilitating the development of a hub and spoke model and a freight grid. • 
  • Resources-Pooling through establishing a convergence mechanism i.e., collaboration with other government departments and regulatory bodies. 
  • It will provide freight forwarders, airlines and other stakeholders with Incentives and concessions to enhance air transportation of Agri-produce.
  • An online platform named E-KUSHAL (Krishi Udaan for Sustainable Holistic AgriLogistics) would also be developed to facilitate information dissemination to all stakeholders regarding the transportation of agricultural pproduce. Ministry has also proposed convergence of E-KUSHAL with the National Agriculture Market (eNAM).
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Convergence of Agriculture and Aviation possibilities?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The convergence between the two sectors (A2A – Agriculture to Aviation) is possible because of three primary reasons:
  • 1. Evolutionary possible use of biofuel for aircraft in future 
  • 2. Use of drones in the agriculture sector 
  • 3. Due to greater integration and value realisation of agricultural products through schemes like Krishi UDAN.
Lösung ausblenden
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  • 471 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

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Q:
Which report has been released by Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) in  November month? 
A:
“Mapping India’s Climate Vulnerability – A District-level Assessment
Q:
What does “Mapping India’s Climate Vulnerability – A District-level Assessment report of November month show ?
A:
  • index has analysed 640 districts in India
  • 463 of these are vulnerable to extreme
  • 27 Indian states and Union territories are vulnerable to extreme
  • More than 80% of Indians live in districts vulnerable to climate risks. 
  • More than 60% of Indian districts have medium to low adaptive capacity in handling extreme weather events.
  • 17 of 20 people in the country are vulnerable to climate risks, out of which every five Indians live in areas that are extremely vulnerable.
  • More than 45% of these districts have undergone “unsustainable landscape and infrastructure changes”.
Q:
Which are the most vulnerable to extreme climate States??
A:
Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Bihar
Q:
What does World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Greenhouse Gas Bulletin show??
A:
greenhouse gases in the atmosphere once again reached a new record last year (2020), with an annual rate of increase above the 2011-2020 average.
Q:
Which organization had  realised  United in science 2021??
A:
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Court order on Pegasus virus
A:
  • SC sets up committee to examine Pegasus allegations Power of state to snoop into people’s ‘sacred private space’ is not absolute: Bench
  • Petitioner relied on an investigation conducted by a consortium of global media.
  • reports revealed that hundreds of phone numbers from India had appeared on a global list of more than 50,000 numbers that were selected for surveillance by clients of the Israeli firm, the NSO Group.
  • October 27, the Supreme Court of India appointed an independent committee to inquire into charges that the Union government had used the mobile phone spyware Pegasus
  • July, the West Bengal government set up a Commission of Inquiry comprising
1 .Former Supreme Court Justice Madan B Lokur and2. Former Calcutta High Court Justice Jyotirmay Bhattacharya to look into the same allegations.
  • the judges said , “indiscriminate spying on individuals cannot be allowed except with sufficient statutory safeguards, by following the procedure established by law under the Constitution.”
  • Article 21 can be deprived so long as there is merely a “Procedure established by Law".
  • this procedural law must be “fair, just and reasonable"
  • Court has effectively recognised that an act of surveillance must be tested on four grounds:
1.the action must be supported by legislation;
2. the state must show the Court that the restriction made is aimed at a legitimate governmental end;
3. the state must demonstrate that there are no less intrusive means available to it to achieve the same objective;
4.  the state must establish that there is a rational nexus between the limitation imposed and the aims underlying the measure.
  •  It effectively claimed that the interests of the country’s safety meant that it was under no obligation to tell the Court whether it in fact used the software or not.
  • This is a strategy that has worked well in the past.
Recent Steps Taken in India
  • Cyber Surakshit Bharat Initiative: It was launched in 2018 with an aim to spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments.
  •  National Cyber security Coordination Centre (NCCC): In 2017, the NCCC was developed to scan internet traffic and communication metadata (which are little snippets of information hidden inside each communication) coming into the country to detect real-time cyber threats.
  •  Cyber Swachhta Kendra: In 2017, this platform was introduced for internet users to clean their computers and devices by wiping out viruses and malware.
  • Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C): I4C was recently inaugurated by the government.
  •  National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal has also been launched pan India.
  • Computer Emergency Response Team - India (CERT-IN): It is the nodal agency which deals with cybersecurity threats like hacking and phishing.
LEGISLATION
1. Information Technology Act, 2000.
2. Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019.
Q:
What's the level of nitrous oxide ( N2O) of the level in 1750??
A:
123%

Q:
Why has Supreme Court (SC) appointed an expert committee on Pegasus virus ??
A:
to be overseen by a retired apex court judge (Justice Raveendran Committee)
Q:
Why did court reject  the government’s plea to set up its own probe??
A:
government appointment of probe would violate the settled judicial principle against bias( like ‘justice must not only be done, but also be seen to be done’.)

Q:
On which topics court had asked to Ravindra committee to make recommendations?
A:
on a legal & policy framework to protect citizens against surveillance and enhance cyber security of the country.
Q:
Works  and aim of krishi UDAN 2.0 Scheme??
A:
  • Facilitate and incentivize movement of agri-produce by air transportation by giving a full waiver of landing, parking, Terminal Navigation and Landing Charges and Route Navigation Facilities Charges for domestic airlines.
  • Strengthen Cargo related infrastructure at airports and off airports by facilitating the development of a hub and spoke model and a freight grid. • 
  • Resources-Pooling through establishing a convergence mechanism i.e., collaboration with other government departments and regulatory bodies. 
  • It will provide freight forwarders, airlines and other stakeholders with Incentives and concessions to enhance air transportation of Agri-produce.
  • An online platform named E-KUSHAL (Krishi Udaan for Sustainable Holistic AgriLogistics) would also be developed to facilitate information dissemination to all stakeholders regarding the transportation of agricultural pproduce. Ministry has also proposed convergence of E-KUSHAL with the National Agriculture Market (eNAM).
Q:
Convergence of Agriculture and Aviation possibilities?
A:
The convergence between the two sectors (A2A – Agriculture to Aviation) is possible because of three primary reasons:
  • 1. Evolutionary possible use of biofuel for aircraft in future 
  • 2. Use of drones in the agriculture sector 
  • 3. Due to greater integration and value realisation of agricultural products through schemes like Krishi UDAN.
CURRENT AFFAIRS ( NOV)

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