Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions at University Of Bradford | Flashcards & Summaries

Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Log In Start studying!

Lernmaterialien für Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions an der University of Bradford

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions Kurs an der University of Bradford zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the treatments for hypothyroidism?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Replacement therapy with synthetic thyroid hormones

unless due to iodine deficiency which is treated with iodide

Drugs available : Levothyroxine (The drug of choice)

-Orally active
-Cheap,
-Takes long time to achieve steady state and dose adjustment is made only after 3-4 weeks
L-Triiodothyronine (liothyronine)
-Can be given orally or IV
-Quicker action 
-quickness is only useful in severe hypothyroid cases, but may cause wide fluctuation in plasma concentration between doses
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the mechanism of action for different antithyroid drug therapy such as carbimazole , beta adrenoceptor  antagonists ,Iodine and propylthiouracil?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
-Carbimazole is converted to active compound methimazole 
-propylthiouracil inhibit thyroid hormone synthesis
-Propylthiouracil also inhibit peripheral conversion of T4 to T3
-Iodine blocks release of thyroid hormone and reduces vascularity of thyroid gland
-Beta adrenoceptor antagonists  oppose the target organ effects of thyroid hormones.
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the effect on growth and development?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

thyroid hormone is to promote growth and development of the brain during first few years of postnatal life. 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is Graves' disease ?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

An autoimmune disorder

develops due to the presence of thyroid stimulating antibodies (thyroid receptor antibodies) that bind to TSH receptors in the thyroid gland in the same way as as TSH

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the treatments for thyrotoxicosis?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1.Antithyroid drugs 
Carbimazole and Propylthiouracil
Beta adrenoceptor antagonists
Iodine
2.Radioactive iodine
3.Surgery
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How are thyroid hormones transported in the blood?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Attached to the 3 types of blood plasma proteins or active transport channels

unbound drug is responsible for producing effect on the target tissues

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
How is the uptake of iodide ion by the thyroid gland?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Normal daily intake of iodine is about 150 µg

Iodine is absorbed from the GI tract and reaches the circulation in the form of iodide.

Thyroid gland actively transports the ion resulting in thyroid/plasma concentration to be 30

stimulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH or thyrotropin)

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What happens to hyaluronic acid & what is its purpose?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
function of hyaluronic acid: is to act as a lubricant and cushion to joints and other tissues 
assists in staining moisture in the skin and eyes
Since thyroid hormone decreases synthesis of hyaluronic acid it can lead to swelling , thickening o skin that is rough and dry 
known as myxedema (especially in hypothyroidism)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the structural features of a thyroid gland?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Butterfly shapes

Weight about 20 g

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the physiological actions of thyroid hormones?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Increase and decrease the metabolism
determines the body’s overall metabolic rate  
•affects every body tissue either directly or indirectly
•Essential for normal growth and development
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Hyperthyroidism is the excess of t3 and t4 production
Hypothyroidism is the lack of t3 and t4 production
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the effects of thyroid hormones?
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
•Calorigenic effects
•Effects on intermediary metabolism
•Effects on cardiovascular system
•Effects on growth and development
Lösung ausblenden
  • 6614 Karteikarten
  • 253 Studierende
  • 12 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions Kurs an der University of Bradford - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What are the treatments for hypothyroidism?
A:

Replacement therapy with synthetic thyroid hormones

unless due to iodine deficiency which is treated with iodide

Drugs available : Levothyroxine (The drug of choice)

-Orally active
-Cheap,
-Takes long time to achieve steady state and dose adjustment is made only after 3-4 weeks
L-Triiodothyronine (liothyronine)
-Can be given orally or IV
-Quicker action 
-quickness is only useful in severe hypothyroid cases, but may cause wide fluctuation in plasma concentration between doses
Q:
What is the mechanism of action for different antithyroid drug therapy such as carbimazole , beta adrenoceptor  antagonists ,Iodine and propylthiouracil?
A:
-Carbimazole is converted to active compound methimazole 
-propylthiouracil inhibit thyroid hormone synthesis
-Propylthiouracil also inhibit peripheral conversion of T4 to T3
-Iodine blocks release of thyroid hormone and reduces vascularity of thyroid gland
-Beta adrenoceptor antagonists  oppose the target organ effects of thyroid hormones.
Q:
What is the effect on growth and development?
A:

thyroid hormone is to promote growth and development of the brain during first few years of postnatal life. 

Q:
What is Graves' disease ?
A:

An autoimmune disorder

develops due to the presence of thyroid stimulating antibodies (thyroid receptor antibodies) that bind to TSH receptors in the thyroid gland in the same way as as TSH

Q:
What are the treatments for thyrotoxicosis?
A:
1.Antithyroid drugs 
Carbimazole and Propylthiouracil
Beta adrenoceptor antagonists
Iodine
2.Radioactive iodine
3.Surgery
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
How are thyroid hormones transported in the blood?
A:
Attached to the 3 types of blood plasma proteins or active transport channels

unbound drug is responsible for producing effect on the target tissues

Q:
How is the uptake of iodide ion by the thyroid gland?
A:

Normal daily intake of iodine is about 150 µg

Iodine is absorbed from the GI tract and reaches the circulation in the form of iodide.

Thyroid gland actively transports the ion resulting in thyroid/plasma concentration to be 30

stimulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH or thyrotropin)

Q:
What happens to hyaluronic acid & what is its purpose?
A:
function of hyaluronic acid: is to act as a lubricant and cushion to joints and other tissues 
assists in staining moisture in the skin and eyes
Since thyroid hormone decreases synthesis of hyaluronic acid it can lead to swelling , thickening o skin that is rough and dry 
known as myxedema (especially in hypothyroidism)
Q:
What are the structural features of a thyroid gland?
A:
Butterfly shapes

Weight about 20 g

Q:
What are the physiological actions of thyroid hormones?
A:
Increase and decrease the metabolism
determines the body’s overall metabolic rate  
•affects every body tissue either directly or indirectly
•Essential for normal growth and development
Q:
What is hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?
A:
Hyperthyroidism is the excess of t3 and t4 production
Hypothyroidism is the lack of t3 and t4 production
Q:
What are the effects of thyroid hormones?
A:
•Calorigenic effects
•Effects on intermediary metabolism
•Effects on cardiovascular system
•Effects on growth and development
Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

Thyroid Gland, Phanyrx, Esophagus, and Larnyx and Trachea

Barry University

Zum Kurs
THYROID CANCER

Ateneo de Davao University

Zum Kurs
Thyroid Gland

University of the Immaculate Conception

Zum Kurs
Parathyroid gland

University of the Immaculate Conception

Zum Kurs
Functions of the Mouth and Oesophagus

University of Birmingham

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen Thyroid Gland & Thyroid Gland Dysfunctions