Epilepsy at University Of Bradford | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Epilepsy an der University of Bradford

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 3 factors that dictate the classification of seizures?
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1)Where in the brain the seizure starts
2)Level of consciousness during the seizure
3)Muscle movements (or lack of) during seizure
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Why is sodium valprorate not recommmended as a first choice of treatment?
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Leads to birth defects during pregnancy
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What is epilepsy?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Abnormal electrical activity

Seizures can be induced by various factors including fever, head injury, and low blood sugar

a person suffers from unprovoked recurrent seizures

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Why is the location in the brain where the seizure begins important?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

indicator of the symptoms

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Why is the level of consciousness during a seizure important?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

it is an indicator of the symptoms

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Why are muscle movements (or lack of ) important during a seizure?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

indicator of the symptoms

Motor seizures- involve a change in movement

Non-motor seizures-doesn't involve a change in movement

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the characteristics of focal aware seizures?

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maybe motor (e.g. abnormal movement of a limb), sensory (e.g. abnormal sensation) or both in its manifestation

short duration (seconds to minutes) 

NOT accompanied by loss of consciousness

followed  by abnormal symptoms (an aura) such as an unpleasant taste or smell

depends on the location of the epileptic “focus” within the brain

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the characteristics of focal impaired awareness seizures?

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has a focal origin 

starts at the temporal lobe 
changes consciousness

spread throughout the brain to become secondary generalised

leads to bizarre, unusual or even inappropriate behaviour (lip smacking, tearing of clothing, etc.)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the characteristics of focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
 focal seizure spreads throughout the entire brain 
produce a generalised seizure= tonic-clonic 
-Can occur with either focal aware or focal impaired awareness seizures 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the characteristics of tonic-clonic seizures(grand mal)?

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most common seizure type

sudden loss of consciousness then muscle rigidity (the tonic phase), then a period of jerking of the limbs (clonic phase)

patient  enters a deep coma

consciousness fully regained within one hour

There may be a period of confusion prior to full recovery (the “post ictal phase”)

Urinary and faecal incontinence can occur during the tonic phase

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What do you do if someone has a seizure?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Call ambulance if it is their first seizure, or if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes

Only move them if they’re in danger

Cushion their head

Loosen clothing around their neck, to aid breathing

Don’t put anything in their mouth (including your fingers)

Don’t try to restrain them

Once convulsions stop, move to recovery position

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the symptoms of epilepsy?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Symptoms depend on the site of brain  & areas involved in seizure evolution (if partial seizure that spreads or remains within a focal area)
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Q:
What are the 3 factors that dictate the classification of seizures?
A:
1)Where in the brain the seizure starts
2)Level of consciousness during the seizure
3)Muscle movements (or lack of) during seizure
Q:
Why is sodium valprorate not recommmended as a first choice of treatment?
A:
Leads to birth defects during pregnancy
Q:

What is epilepsy?

A:

Abnormal electrical activity

Seizures can be induced by various factors including fever, head injury, and low blood sugar

a person suffers from unprovoked recurrent seizures

Q:

Why is the location in the brain where the seizure begins important?

A:

indicator of the symptoms

Q:

Why is the level of consciousness during a seizure important?

A:

it is an indicator of the symptoms

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Why are muscle movements (or lack of ) important during a seizure?

A:

indicator of the symptoms

Motor seizures- involve a change in movement

Non-motor seizures-doesn't involve a change in movement

Q:

What are the characteristics of focal aware seizures?

A:

maybe motor (e.g. abnormal movement of a limb), sensory (e.g. abnormal sensation) or both in its manifestation

short duration (seconds to minutes) 

NOT accompanied by loss of consciousness

followed  by abnormal symptoms (an aura) such as an unpleasant taste or smell

depends on the location of the epileptic “focus” within the brain

Q:

What are the characteristics of focal impaired awareness seizures?

A:

has a focal origin 

starts at the temporal lobe 
changes consciousness

spread throughout the brain to become secondary generalised

leads to bizarre, unusual or even inappropriate behaviour (lip smacking, tearing of clothing, etc.)
Q:

What are the characteristics of focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures?

A:
 focal seizure spreads throughout the entire brain 
produce a generalised seizure= tonic-clonic 
-Can occur with either focal aware or focal impaired awareness seizures 
Q:

What are the characteristics of tonic-clonic seizures(grand mal)?

A:

most common seizure type

sudden loss of consciousness then muscle rigidity (the tonic phase), then a period of jerking of the limbs (clonic phase)

patient  enters a deep coma

consciousness fully regained within one hour

There may be a period of confusion prior to full recovery (the “post ictal phase”)

Urinary and faecal incontinence can occur during the tonic phase

Q:

What do you do if someone has a seizure?

A:

Call ambulance if it is their first seizure, or if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes

Only move them if they’re in danger

Cushion their head

Loosen clothing around their neck, to aid breathing

Don’t put anything in their mouth (including your fingers)

Don’t try to restrain them

Once convulsions stop, move to recovery position

Q:
What are the symptoms of epilepsy?
A:
Symptoms depend on the site of brain  & areas involved in seizure evolution (if partial seizure that spreads or remains within a focal area)
Epilepsy

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