ICT at University Of Birmingham | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für ICT an der University of Birmingham

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Read Only Memory
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ROM, also known as non-volatile memory is a memory card where the contents can be read but not written to and where the contents are retained once the power is removed
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Motherboard 
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the motherboard is the main printed circuit board found in computers and it contains electrical components such as the CPU, memory and connectors for connecting external hardware devices 
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Sound Card
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a sound card is an expansion card that allows a computer to send audio signals to audio devices such as speakers and microphones. most computers now have the sound card integrated into the motherboard 
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Video Card
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a video card is an expansion card that generates signals so that the video output device can display computer data such as texts and graphics
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Random Access Memory 
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RAM, also known as volatile memory is an internal memory chip. which can lose its contents once the power is removed. its memory can be written and read from, it is used to store anything that needs to be changed.
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Difference between internal and external hardware?
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Internal hardware devices are usually either built into the motherboard or added on an expansion card whereas external hardware devices are usually connected to the computer by plugging them into the computer through a port.
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Basic input/output system (BIOS)

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tells the computer what to do when it first starts, it does a hardware check when the computer is first turned on then it loads the operating system into RAM and it stores the date, time and system configuration. 

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Hardware 
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Hardware is the physical components of a computer system such as motherboards, memory, sound cards, screens/monitors, keyboards and printers. 


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Internal hardware devices (7)
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  • motherboard 
  • random access memory (RAM)
  • Read only memory (ROM)
  • video card
  • sound card
  • internal hard disk drive 
  • basic input,/output system (BIOS)
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What are computer devices made up of? 
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All computer devices are made up of hardware and software.


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Internal hard disk drive
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a rigid magnetic material coated disk onto which programs and data can be stored and situated inside the casing of the computer. 

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External Hardware Devices (8)

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  • monitors/screens/projectors
  • keyboards and mouse
  • external storage devices (external hard disk drive, memory disk/pen drives)
  • printers
  • scanners
  • speakers and microphones
  • webcams 
  • headphones
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Q:
Read Only Memory
A:
ROM, also known as non-volatile memory is a memory card where the contents can be read but not written to and where the contents are retained once the power is removed
Q:
Motherboard 
A:
the motherboard is the main printed circuit board found in computers and it contains electrical components such as the CPU, memory and connectors for connecting external hardware devices 
Q:
Sound Card
A:
a sound card is an expansion card that allows a computer to send audio signals to audio devices such as speakers and microphones. most computers now have the sound card integrated into the motherboard 
Q:
Video Card
A:
a video card is an expansion card that generates signals so that the video output device can display computer data such as texts and graphics
Q:
Random Access Memory 
A:
RAM, also known as volatile memory is an internal memory chip. which can lose its contents once the power is removed. its memory can be written and read from, it is used to store anything that needs to be changed.
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Q:
Difference between internal and external hardware?
A:
Internal hardware devices are usually either built into the motherboard or added on an expansion card whereas external hardware devices are usually connected to the computer by plugging them into the computer through a port.
Q:

Basic input/output system (BIOS)

A:

tells the computer what to do when it first starts, it does a hardware check when the computer is first turned on then it loads the operating system into RAM and it stores the date, time and system configuration. 

Q:
Hardware 
A:
Hardware is the physical components of a computer system such as motherboards, memory, sound cards, screens/monitors, keyboards and printers. 


Q:
Internal hardware devices (7)
A:
  • motherboard 
  • random access memory (RAM)
  • Read only memory (ROM)
  • video card
  • sound card
  • internal hard disk drive 
  • basic input,/output system (BIOS)
Q:
What are computer devices made up of? 
A:
All computer devices are made up of hardware and software.


Q:
Internal hard disk drive
A:
a rigid magnetic material coated disk onto which programs and data can be stored and situated inside the casing of the computer. 

Q:

External Hardware Devices (8)

A:
  • monitors/screens/projectors
  • keyboards and mouse
  • external storage devices (external hard disk drive, memory disk/pen drives)
  • printers
  • scanners
  • speakers and microphones
  • webcams 
  • headphones
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