18. production of goods & services at University of Birmingham

Flashcards and summaries for 18. production of goods & services at the University of Birmingham

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course 18. production of goods & services at the University of Birmingham

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define computer-aided manufacturer (CAM) 

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types of waste that occurs in production (7)

Exemplary flashcards for 18. production of goods & services at the University of Birmingham on StudySmarter:

methods of production (3)
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define batch production 

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advantages of batch production (4)

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define mechanisation 

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manufacturing businesses will have: (3)
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Exemplary flashcards for 18. production of goods & services at the University of Birmingham on StudySmarter:

define productivity

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ways to increase productivity and efficiency (5)

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benefits of increasing efficiency / productivity (4)

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define buffer inventory 
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define lean production 

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Exemplary flashcards for 18. production of goods & services at the University of Birmingham on StudySmarter:

18. production of goods & services

define computer-aided manufacturer (CAM) 
computer-aided manufacturer is where computers monitor the production process and controls machines or robots on the factory floor

18. production of goods & services

types of waste that occurs in production (7)
  • overproduction - producing goods before they have been ordered by costumers
  • waiting - if goods aren't being moved or processed then waste is occurring 
  • transportation - goods may be damaged when they are being moved 
  • unnecessary inventory - too much inventory takes up space 
  • motion - the movements of machinery is unnecessary and time consuming 
  • over-processing - when complex machines are used to perform simple tasks 
  • defects - any faults that require the good being fixed is time-consuming because the products need to be inspected 

18. production of goods & services

methods of production (3)
  • job production 
  • batch production 
  • flow production 

18. production of goods & services

define batch production 
batch production is where a quantity of one product is made, then a quantity of another item will be produced 

18. production of goods & services

advantages of batch production (4)
  • it is a flexible way of working and production can easily be changed from one product to another 
  • it gives some variety to worker's jobs 
  • it allows more variety to products which would otherwise be identical, this gives customers more choice 
  • production may not be affected to any great extent if machines break down 

18. production of goods & services

define mechanisation 
mechanisation is where the production is done by machines but operate by people 

18. production of goods & services

manufacturing businesses will have: (3)
  • a factory manager will be responsible for quality and quantity of products, the maintenance of the production line and other necessary repairs 
  • a production manager who will be responsible for providing the materials, components and equipment required for production 
  • a research and development manager who will be responsible for the design and testing of new production processes and products 

18. production of goods & services

define productivity
productivity is the output measured against the inputs used to create it 

18. production of goods & services

ways to increase productivity and efficiency (5)
  • improve quality of the product and inventory control to reduce waste 
  • automation - replace employees by machines 
  • improve training to increase employee efficiency 
  • motivate employees more effectively 
  • introduce new technology 

18. production of goods & services

benefits of increasing efficiency / productivity (4)
  • reduced inputs needed for the same output level 
  • lower costs per unit 
  • fewer workers may be needed 
  • higher wages may now be paid to workers which may increase motivation 

18. production of goods & services

define buffer inventory 
the buffer inventory level is the inventory held to deal with uncertainty in customer demand and deliveries of supplies 

18. production of goods & services

define lean production 
lwan production is a term for those techniques used by businesses to reduce waste and increase efficiency 

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