1.1. Hardware And Software at University Of Birmingham | Flashcards & Summaries

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Motherboard 
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the motherboard is the main printed circuit board found in computers and it contains electrical components such as the CPU, memory and connectors for connecting external hardware devices 
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Random Access Memory 
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RAM, also known as volatile memory is an internal memory chip. which can lose its contents once the power is removed. its memory can be written and read from, it is used to store anything that needs to be changed.
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Read Only Memory
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ROM, also known as non-volatile memory is a memory card where the contents can be read but not written to and where the contents are retained once the power is removed
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Video Card
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a video card is an expansion card that generates signals so that the video output device can display computer data such as texts and graphics
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Sound Card
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a sound card is an expansion card that allows a computer to send audio signals to audio devices such as speakers and microphones. most computers now have the sound card integrated into the motherboard 
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Basic input/output system (BIOS)

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tells the computer what to do when it first starts, it does a hardware check when the computer is first turned on then it loads the operating system into RAM and it stores the date, time and system configuration. 

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External Hardware Devices (8)

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  • monitors/screens/projectors
  • keyboards and mouse
  • external storage devices (external hard disk drive, memory disk/pen drives)
  • printers
  • scanners
  • speakers and microphones
  • webcams 
  • headphones
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Software

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software are programs for controlling the operations of a computer or for processing electronic data. it consists of sets of instructions that tell the computer hardware what to do and it is written in computer language. 

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Types of hardware (2)

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  • system software 
  • application software
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​application software

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application software is programs that are designed to carry out certain operations for a particular operation and it can't run on its own as it depends on system software. 

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Types of application software (9)

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  • Word processing- software that allows the composition, editing, re-formatting, storing and printing of documents. 
  • Spreadsheets- software that stores data in cells formed by the intersection of rows and columns that can be used to help store data, arrange data and calculate numerical values. It can calculate values using mathematical formulae and the data contained in the cells. 
  • Database management system- software that provides facilities for the organisation and management of a body of information required for a particular application. 
  • Control software- software used to supply instructions in order to tell devices how to operate.
  • Measuring software- software used to issue instructions to sensors to take measurements of physical quantities and input the readings into the computer for processing. 
  • Applets and apps- little programs that range from games to social applications and are usually run using smartphones or tablets. 
  • Photo-editing software- used to improve/enhance photographs using a computer. This would include re-sizing, cropping and colour/brightness/contrast adjustment. 
  • Video-editing software- allows a user to take sections of video recording calls clips and trim, spice, cut or arrange them across a timeline. Special visual effects can be included. 
  • Graphics manipulation software- used to alter the appearance of images. This typically involves altering the size, altering orientation, cropping and adjusting colours.


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Types of application software (9)

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  • Word processing- software that allows the composition, editing, re-formatting, storing and printing of documents. 
  • Spreadsheets- software that stores data in cells formed by the intersection of rows and columns that can be used to help store data, arrange data and calculate numerical values. It can calculate values using mathematical formulae and the data contained in the cells. 
  • Database management system- software that provides facilities for the organisation and management of a body of information required for a particular application. 
  • Control software- software used to supply instructions in order to tell devices how to operate.
  • Measuring software- software used to issue instructions to sensors to take measurements of physical quantities and input the readings into the computer for processing. 
  • Applets and apps- little programs that range from games to social applications and are usually run using smartphones or tablets. 
  • Photo-editing software- used to improve/enhance photographs using a computer. This would include re-sizing, cropping and colour/brightness/contrast adjustment. 
  • Video-editing software- allows a user to take sections of video recording calls clips and trim, spice, cut or arrange them across a timeline. Special visual effects can be included. 
  • Graphics manipulation software- used to alter the appearance of images. This typically involves altering the size, altering orientation, cropping and adjusting colours.


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Q:
Motherboard 
A:
the motherboard is the main printed circuit board found in computers and it contains electrical components such as the CPU, memory and connectors for connecting external hardware devices 
Q:
Random Access Memory 
A:
RAM, also known as volatile memory is an internal memory chip. which can lose its contents once the power is removed. its memory can be written and read from, it is used to store anything that needs to be changed.
Q:
Read Only Memory
A:
ROM, also known as non-volatile memory is a memory card where the contents can be read but not written to and where the contents are retained once the power is removed
Q:
Video Card
A:
a video card is an expansion card that generates signals so that the video output device can display computer data such as texts and graphics
Q:
Sound Card
A:
a sound card is an expansion card that allows a computer to send audio signals to audio devices such as speakers and microphones. most computers now have the sound card integrated into the motherboard 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Basic input/output system (BIOS)

A:

tells the computer what to do when it first starts, it does a hardware check when the computer is first turned on then it loads the operating system into RAM and it stores the date, time and system configuration. 

Q:

External Hardware Devices (8)

A:
  • monitors/screens/projectors
  • keyboards and mouse
  • external storage devices (external hard disk drive, memory disk/pen drives)
  • printers
  • scanners
  • speakers and microphones
  • webcams 
  • headphones
Q:

Software

A:

software are programs for controlling the operations of a computer or for processing electronic data. it consists of sets of instructions that tell the computer hardware what to do and it is written in computer language. 

Q:

Types of hardware (2)

A:
  • system software 
  • application software
Q:

​application software

A:

application software is programs that are designed to carry out certain operations for a particular operation and it can't run on its own as it depends on system software. 

Q:

Types of application software (9)

A:
  • Word processing- software that allows the composition, editing, re-formatting, storing and printing of documents. 
  • Spreadsheets- software that stores data in cells formed by the intersection of rows and columns that can be used to help store data, arrange data and calculate numerical values. It can calculate values using mathematical formulae and the data contained in the cells. 
  • Database management system- software that provides facilities for the organisation and management of a body of information required for a particular application. 
  • Control software- software used to supply instructions in order to tell devices how to operate.
  • Measuring software- software used to issue instructions to sensors to take measurements of physical quantities and input the readings into the computer for processing. 
  • Applets and apps- little programs that range from games to social applications and are usually run using smartphones or tablets. 
  • Photo-editing software- used to improve/enhance photographs using a computer. This would include re-sizing, cropping and colour/brightness/contrast adjustment. 
  • Video-editing software- allows a user to take sections of video recording calls clips and trim, spice, cut or arrange them across a timeline. Special visual effects can be included. 
  • Graphics manipulation software- used to alter the appearance of images. This typically involves altering the size, altering orientation, cropping and adjusting colours.


Q:

Types of application software (9)

A:
  • Word processing- software that allows the composition, editing, re-formatting, storing and printing of documents. 
  • Spreadsheets- software that stores data in cells formed by the intersection of rows and columns that can be used to help store data, arrange data and calculate numerical values. It can calculate values using mathematical formulae and the data contained in the cells. 
  • Database management system- software that provides facilities for the organisation and management of a body of information required for a particular application. 
  • Control software- software used to supply instructions in order to tell devices how to operate.
  • Measuring software- software used to issue instructions to sensors to take measurements of physical quantities and input the readings into the computer for processing. 
  • Applets and apps- little programs that range from games to social applications and are usually run using smartphones or tablets. 
  • Photo-editing software- used to improve/enhance photographs using a computer. This would include re-sizing, cropping and colour/brightness/contrast adjustment. 
  • Video-editing software- allows a user to take sections of video recording calls clips and trim, spice, cut or arrange them across a timeline. Special visual effects can be included. 
  • Graphics manipulation software- used to alter the appearance of images. This typically involves altering the size, altering orientation, cropping and adjusting colours.


1.1. Hardware and Software

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