Social Identity at University Of Amsterdam | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Social identity an der University of Amsterdam

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What is the goal of social identification? 

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Positive distinctivness

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What is social identity

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Aspects of one's self-concept deriving from knowledge and feelings about group memberships he or she shares with others. 

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What is the black sheep effect

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People can also disidentify from a group by publicly criticizing and devaluating an in-group member's poor performance

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(Brewer & Weber, 1994)


Majority group members _____ compare themselves to minorities.

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do not

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What is stigma

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negative evaluation

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What is social stigma

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  • Experience of being in a devaluated group
    • Affected by visibility & perceived controllability 
  • The internalisation of social stigma can affect self-esteem 
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What is a linguistic intergroup bias


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  • more abstract  terms (helpful, envied) suggesting intentionally and lasting personal characteristics - were used to describe positive behaviours of ingroup members and negative behaviours of outgroup members


  • more concrete terms (picked up, dropped) suggesting transient behaviours - were used to describe negative behaviours of ingroup members an positive behaviours of outgroup members
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Describe the Social Identity Theory. 

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  • groups provide us with positive self-worth and self-esteem 
  • Example: Basking in reflected glory (BIRG)

 

Two basic results from a focus on groups:

  1. Categorisation effects: category accentuation & outgrip homogenisation 
  2. Evaluative effects


  •  We categorise individuals in ingroup and outgroup members (categorisation) and assign associated characteristics (stereotyping)
  • intergroup comparisons are one way of "boosting" our self-esteem  
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What is a social change? 

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A group member engages in collective action any time that he or she is acting as a representative of the group and where the action is directed at improving the conditions of the group as a whole. 

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How can people maintain self-esteem despite being in a devaluated social group? 

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  • Focus on individual self-esteem
    • attributing negative feedback to prejudice 
    • social comparison within ingroup 
  • Disdentification
    • eg. distancing self from poorly performing ingroup members 
  • Dissociation 
    • eg. concealing group membership 
  • Social creativity: redefining group as positive 
  • Social change: competition, collective action 
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(Brewer & Weber, 1994)


Minority group members _____ compare themselves as individuals against other individuals of the minority group but psychologically share in the positive or negative image the other person's performance gives to the group.

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do not 

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What is a stereotype threat 

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The fear of confirming other's negative stereotypes of your group. 

  • Eg: expecting gender differences in a math test; race differences in an IQ test
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  • 19000 Karteikarten
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Social identity Kurs an der University of Amsterdam - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is the goal of social identification? 

A:

Positive distinctivness

Q:

What is social identity

A:

Aspects of one's self-concept deriving from knowledge and feelings about group memberships he or she shares with others. 

Q:

What is the black sheep effect

A:

People can also disidentify from a group by publicly criticizing and devaluating an in-group member's poor performance

Q:

(Brewer & Weber, 1994)


Majority group members _____ compare themselves to minorities.

A:

do not

Q:

What is stigma

A:

negative evaluation

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What is social stigma

A:
  • Experience of being in a devaluated group
    • Affected by visibility & perceived controllability 
  • The internalisation of social stigma can affect self-esteem 
Q:

What is a linguistic intergroup bias


A:
  • more abstract  terms (helpful, envied) suggesting intentionally and lasting personal characteristics - were used to describe positive behaviours of ingroup members and negative behaviours of outgroup members


  • more concrete terms (picked up, dropped) suggesting transient behaviours - were used to describe negative behaviours of ingroup members an positive behaviours of outgroup members
Q:

Describe the Social Identity Theory. 

A:
  • groups provide us with positive self-worth and self-esteem 
  • Example: Basking in reflected glory (BIRG)

 

Two basic results from a focus on groups:

  1. Categorisation effects: category accentuation & outgrip homogenisation 
  2. Evaluative effects


  •  We categorise individuals in ingroup and outgroup members (categorisation) and assign associated characteristics (stereotyping)
  • intergroup comparisons are one way of "boosting" our self-esteem  
Q:

What is a social change? 

A:

A group member engages in collective action any time that he or she is acting as a representative of the group and where the action is directed at improving the conditions of the group as a whole. 

Q:

How can people maintain self-esteem despite being in a devaluated social group? 

A:
  • Focus on individual self-esteem
    • attributing negative feedback to prejudice 
    • social comparison within ingroup 
  • Disdentification
    • eg. distancing self from poorly performing ingroup members 
  • Dissociation 
    • eg. concealing group membership 
  • Social creativity: redefining group as positive 
  • Social change: competition, collective action 
Q:

(Brewer & Weber, 1994)


Minority group members _____ compare themselves as individuals against other individuals of the minority group but psychologically share in the positive or negative image the other person's performance gives to the group.

A:

do not 

Q:

What is a stereotype threat 

A:

The fear of confirming other's negative stereotypes of your group. 

  • Eg: expecting gender differences in a math test; race differences in an IQ test
Social identity

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