Phonetics And Transcription at University Of Amsterdam | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Phonetics and Transcription an der University of Amsterdam

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What are nasals?

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nasals (such as the [m] in month or [n] in north) are produced by letting the
air escape through the nasal rather than the oral cavity.

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what are affricatives?

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affricates (such as the [ ]in John or [ ]in chip) combine the two previous
manners of articulation: they start out as a plosive and end as a fricative.

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What is the energy source for vowels?
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The vocal folds!
All vowels are voiced

The signal is periodic
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What are properties of waves?
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  • Period: how long until one cycle is completed → in pitch (Hz)
  • Amplitude (volume): how much a wave goes up or below 0 → in Pascal (Pa)
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F1 and F2 of
[u]
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F1 340
F2 800

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what are trills?

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– trills (such as the [r] in red in Scottish English) are produced by vibration
of part of the tongue against a place of articulation (see below).

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What are plosives?

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plosives (such as the [p] in tip or [k] in brook) are produced by building up
air pressure inside the mouth through a complete closure. The air is then
allowed to escape in one go.

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What are homonyms?

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​Lemmas that have the same form but are completely unrelated

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what are fricatives?

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fricatives (such as the [f] in flat or [s] in street) are produced by an almost
complete narrowing of the vocal tract and then an expulsion of the air
through the narrow passage.

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Why is limiting sounds important?
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  • Makes it easier to understand
  • Languages have to be robust
  • Articulation/hearing easier
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How can you measure pitch?
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1/Period
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What is turbulent flow?
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Chaos
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Phonetics and Transcription Kurs an der University of Amsterdam - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What are nasals?

A:

nasals (such as the [m] in month or [n] in north) are produced by letting the
air escape through the nasal rather than the oral cavity.

Q:

what are affricatives?

A:

affricates (such as the [ ]in John or [ ]in chip) combine the two previous
manners of articulation: they start out as a plosive and end as a fricative.

Q:
What is the energy source for vowels?
A:
The vocal folds!
All vowels are voiced

The signal is periodic
Q:
What are properties of waves?
A:
  • Period: how long until one cycle is completed → in pitch (Hz)
  • Amplitude (volume): how much a wave goes up or below 0 → in Pascal (Pa)
Q:
F1 and F2 of
[u]
A:
F1 340
F2 800

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

what are trills?

A:

– trills (such as the [r] in red in Scottish English) are produced by vibration
of part of the tongue against a place of articulation (see below).

Q:

What are plosives?

A:

plosives (such as the [p] in tip or [k] in brook) are produced by building up
air pressure inside the mouth through a complete closure. The air is then
allowed to escape in one go.

Q:

What are homonyms?

A:

​Lemmas that have the same form but are completely unrelated

Q:

what are fricatives?

A:


fricatives (such as the [f] in flat or [s] in street) are produced by an almost
complete narrowing of the vocal tract and then an expulsion of the air
through the narrow passage.

Q:
Why is limiting sounds important?
A:
  • Makes it easier to understand
  • Languages have to be robust
  • Articulation/hearing easier
Q:
How can you measure pitch?
A:
1/Period
Q:
What is turbulent flow?
A:
Chaos
Phonetics and Transcription

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