ICT & Society at Universiti Utara Malaysia | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für ICT & society an der Universiti Utara Malaysia

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Memory

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Any data or instructions that are to be processed by the CPU must
be placed into main memory

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Operating system 

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is a system software that manages the general operation of a comp system 

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There's two types of hardware components

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internal and external

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Central Processing Unit (CPU)

'brain' of the computer

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It is the device that carries
out calculations to complete software instructions

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Computer software 

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is a collection of instructions that can be ‘run’ on a computer. These
instructions tell the computer what to do

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Differences of app software and system software 

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application software 

- Application software are designed to allow users to complete specific tasks 

- browse the internet 

- exp; spreadsheet

System software 

- are normally involved in the running of the comp

-operating systems to provide a user interface

-exp; device drivers

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Differences of Horticultural and Agricultural ? (Pre-industrial Societies)

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Horticultural 

formed in areas where rainfall and
other conditions allowed them to grow stable crops

Agricultural 

Farmers learned to rotate the types of crops grown on their fields and to reuse waste products such as fertilizer, which led to better harvests and bigger surpluses of food

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​Hardware

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- are the physical components which make up the comp system

- each item of hardware have their specific roles in a comp system

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List out Internal hardware devices

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1. Central Processing Unit (CPU) 

2. Motherboard

3. Memory

4. Graphic video cards 

5. Sound card 

6. Internal Hard disk 

7. Network card 

8. Optical disk drive 

9. Power supply 


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Definition of Society..

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Society is defined as a group of ppl living as a community or an organized group of ppl for a common purpose

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Optical Disk Drive

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allows for optical disks to
run on the computer. Also some optical disk drives are able to write
“burn” data onto discs.

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Main differences between CLI and GUI in operating systems ?

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GUI

Advantages:
• The user does not need to learn any commands.
• The interface is easier to use.
• Can use a pointing device to clicks and select icons or menu options.
Disadvantages:
• Takes up more memory than a CLI interface.
• Requires an operating system to operate.

CLI

Advantages:
• The user has more freedom to use specific command in interacting with the computer.
•It is possible to alter computer settings.
Disadvantages:
• User needs to learn commands
• Commands must be typed in without errors.
• No visual aids.

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Q:


Memory

A:

Any data or instructions that are to be processed by the CPU must
be placed into main memory

Q:

Operating system 

A:

is a system software that manages the general operation of a comp system 

Q:

There's two types of hardware components

A:

internal and external

Q:


Central Processing Unit (CPU)

'brain' of the computer

A:


It is the device that carries
out calculations to complete software instructions

Q:

Computer software 

A:


is a collection of instructions that can be ‘run’ on a computer. These
instructions tell the computer what to do

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Q:

Differences of app software and system software 

A:

application software 

- Application software are designed to allow users to complete specific tasks 

- browse the internet 

- exp; spreadsheet

System software 

- are normally involved in the running of the comp

-operating systems to provide a user interface

-exp; device drivers

Q:

Differences of Horticultural and Agricultural ? (Pre-industrial Societies)

A:

Horticultural 

formed in areas where rainfall and
other conditions allowed them to grow stable crops

Agricultural 

Farmers learned to rotate the types of crops grown on their fields and to reuse waste products such as fertilizer, which led to better harvests and bigger surpluses of food

Q:

​Hardware

A:

- are the physical components which make up the comp system

- each item of hardware have their specific roles in a comp system

Q:

List out Internal hardware devices

A:

1. Central Processing Unit (CPU) 

2. Motherboard

3. Memory

4. Graphic video cards 

5. Sound card 

6. Internal Hard disk 

7. Network card 

8. Optical disk drive 

9. Power supply 


Q:

Definition of Society..

A:

Society is defined as a group of ppl living as a community or an organized group of ppl for a common purpose

Q:


Optical Disk Drive

A:

allows for optical disks to
run on the computer. Also some optical disk drives are able to write
“burn” data onto discs.

Q:

Main differences between CLI and GUI in operating systems ?

A:

GUI

Advantages:
• The user does not need to learn any commands.
• The interface is easier to use.
• Can use a pointing device to clicks and select icons or menu options.
Disadvantages:
• Takes up more memory than a CLI interface.
• Requires an operating system to operate.

CLI

Advantages:
• The user has more freedom to use specific command in interacting with the computer.
•It is possible to alter computer settings.
Disadvantages:
• User needs to learn commands
• Commands must be typed in without errors.
• No visual aids.

ICT & society

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