CVS SYSTEM at Universiti Teknologi Mara | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für CVS SYSTEM an der Universiti Teknologi Mara

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what is the origin of the heart tube?

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- angiogenic cell clusters located in the cardiogenic plate 

- cardiogenic plate derived from splanchnopleuric mesoderm

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What are the 3 basic structures that make up the wall of blood vessels?
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Endothelium
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what is compensated stage of shock?

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- it is a stage of shock where the compensatory mechanism can still maintain tissue perfusion 

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what is the irreversible stage of shock?

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- it is a stage of shock where there is severe tissue & cellular damage. 

- the organism will still die even the perfusion has been restored.

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state 2 type of membrane junctions and their function

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1. desmosomes - to hold the cardiac cells together 

2. gap junctions- to link the cells to syncytium to allow ion movement from one to another. 

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state one characteristic of conduction/pacemaker cells

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- it can generate AP without the nervous stimulation

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what are the ions involved during depolarization in contractile cells 

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NA+

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state one characteristic of contractile cells 

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- it can develop depolarization from the autorhythmic cells/conduction/pacemaker 

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what are the ions involved during repolarization in contractile cells

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Ca2+

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cardiac contraction occurs from....

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apex to base 

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name the valves on the right side of the heart

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tricuspid 

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what is the decompensated stage of shock?

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- it is a stage of shock where the compensatory mechanism can no longer maintain the tissue perfusion

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Q:

what is the origin of the heart tube?

A:

- angiogenic cell clusters located in the cardiogenic plate 

- cardiogenic plate derived from splanchnopleuric mesoderm

Q:
What are the 3 basic structures that make up the wall of blood vessels?
A:
Endothelium
Q:

what is compensated stage of shock?

A:

- it is a stage of shock where the compensatory mechanism can still maintain tissue perfusion 

Q:

what is the irreversible stage of shock?

A:

- it is a stage of shock where there is severe tissue & cellular damage. 

- the organism will still die even the perfusion has been restored.

Q:

state 2 type of membrane junctions and their function

A:

1. desmosomes - to hold the cardiac cells together 

2. gap junctions- to link the cells to syncytium to allow ion movement from one to another. 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

state one characteristic of conduction/pacemaker cells

A:

- it can generate AP without the nervous stimulation

Q:

what are the ions involved during depolarization in contractile cells 

A:

NA+

Q:

state one characteristic of contractile cells 

A:

- it can develop depolarization from the autorhythmic cells/conduction/pacemaker 

Q:

what are the ions involved during repolarization in contractile cells

A:

Ca2+

Q:

cardiac contraction occurs from....

A:

apex to base 

Q:

name the valves on the right side of the heart

A:

tricuspid 

Q:

what is the decompensated stage of shock?

A:

- it is a stage of shock where the compensatory mechanism can no longer maintain the tissue perfusion

CVS SYSTEM

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