RESPIRATORY SYSTEM at Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für RESPIRATORY SYSTEM an der Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

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Define Asthma

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Common chronic inflammatory disease of
the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm.

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Patients have fever, tonsillar swelling, pharyngeal exudate, painful & difficulty in swallowing, enlarged/ tender anterior cervical lymph nodes & absence of cough or coryza. Suggest the aetiology.

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Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngitis

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The air mixes with the gas in alveoli by?

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Simple diffusion

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What is alveolar ventilation?

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  • Process of air flowing into and out the alveolar
  • Air flows because of pressure differences between
    the atmosphere and the gases inside the lungs
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A normal human breath?

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  • 12 to 15 times a minute
  • 500 ml of air per breath
  • 6 to 8 L/min (inspired and expired)
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How many airway are divided?

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23 times

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First 16 generation of airway is called what? What is the function? Made up from?

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  • Conducting zone
  • Transport gas from and to the exterior
  • Trachea, bronchi, bronchioles & terminal bronchioles
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The remaining 7 generation is called? Function? Made up of?

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  • Respiratory zone
  • Gas exchange occurs
  • Bronchioles, alveolar ducts & alveoli sacs
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O2 enters the blood in the pulmonary capillaries while CO2 enters alveoli. In this manner how much O2 enters body per minute and how much CO2 excreted

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  • 250 ml of O2 enters body per minute
  • 200 ml CO2 excreted
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​What is pulmonary ventilation

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  • Breathing
  • Process of air flowing into the lungs during inspiration and out of the lungs during expiration
  • Air flows because of pressure differences between the atmosphere and the gases inside the lungs
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Where is the air is warmed and takes up water vapor?

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Nasal passage and pharynx

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Give diagnostic clues for HSV & coxsackievirus

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Presence of vesicles and ulcers. Coxsackievirus-related vesicles often occur on the hard palate

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  • 2 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Kurs an der Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Define Asthma

A:

Common chronic inflammatory disease of
the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm.

Q:

Patients have fever, tonsillar swelling, pharyngeal exudate, painful & difficulty in swallowing, enlarged/ tender anterior cervical lymph nodes & absence of cough or coryza. Suggest the aetiology.

A:

Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngitis

Q:

The air mixes with the gas in alveoli by?

A:

Simple diffusion

Q:

What is alveolar ventilation?

A:
  • Process of air flowing into and out the alveolar
  • Air flows because of pressure differences between
    the atmosphere and the gases inside the lungs
Q:

A normal human breath?

A:
  • 12 to 15 times a minute
  • 500 ml of air per breath
  • 6 to 8 L/min (inspired and expired)
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Q:

How many airway are divided?

A:

23 times

Q:

First 16 generation of airway is called what? What is the function? Made up from?

A:
  • Conducting zone
  • Transport gas from and to the exterior
  • Trachea, bronchi, bronchioles & terminal bronchioles
Q:

The remaining 7 generation is called? Function? Made up of?

A:
  • Respiratory zone
  • Gas exchange occurs
  • Bronchioles, alveolar ducts & alveoli sacs
Q:

O2 enters the blood in the pulmonary capillaries while CO2 enters alveoli. In this manner how much O2 enters body per minute and how much CO2 excreted

A:
  • 250 ml of O2 enters body per minute
  • 200 ml CO2 excreted
Q:

​What is pulmonary ventilation

A:
  • Breathing
  • Process of air flowing into the lungs during inspiration and out of the lungs during expiration
  • Air flows because of pressure differences between the atmosphere and the gases inside the lungs
Q:

Where is the air is warmed and takes up water vapor?

A:

Nasal passage and pharynx

Q:

Give diagnostic clues for HSV & coxsackievirus

A:

Presence of vesicles and ulcers. Coxsackievirus-related vesicles often occur on the hard palate

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

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