SBP3116 - Human Organization, Integumentary And Musculoskeletal Systems at Universiti Putra Malaysia | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is homeostasis? Give 5 examples and explain

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

All processes that living systems use to maintain steady internal, physical and chemical conditions necessary for survival


Eg: body temperature, fluid balance, pH of extracellular fluid, concentrations of sodium, potassium and calcium ions, blood sugar level


All of the variables need to be regulated despite changes in environment, diet or level of activity to be kept within homeostatic range

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the 2 approaches that are used to study gross anatomy? Give examples

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Regional approach - Each region of the body is studied separately and all aspects of that region are studied at the same time

Examples: 

- Head & Neck

- Limbs (Upper and Lower Limbs)

- Trunk (Thorax & Back, Abdomen, Perineum& Pelvis)


Systemic approach - Each system of the body is studied and followed throughout the entire body

Examples:

- Skeletal System (Osteology)
- Articular System (Arthrology/ Syndesmology)
- Muscular System (Myology)
- Nervous System (Neurology)
- Circulatory System (Angiology)
- Gastrointestinal System (Gastroenterology)
- Respiratory System (Pulmonology)
- Urinary System (Urology)
- Reproductive System (Gynecology + Andrology)
- Endocrine System (Endocrinology)
- Integumentary System (Dermatology)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is clinical anatomy?

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The study of the macroscopic structure and function of the body as it relates to the
practice of medicine and other health sciences


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What is anatomy?

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The study of structure of the body that can be seen without using a microscope

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What is the purpose of anatomical terminology?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

To describe the body clearly and to indicate the position of its parts and organs relative to each other

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

What are the 3 sections of the body (eg: that can guide us one how to cut the specimens)?

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1. Longitudinal sections/ Vertical sections

- Run lengthwise in the direction of the long axis of the body or its parts


2. Transverse sections

- Cut at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the body or its parts (horizontally)


3. Oblique sections (potongan senget)

- Sections that are not cut in one of the main planes of the body

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Explain about the supine and prone position

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- The supine position of the body is lying on the back

- The head, scapula, elbow, sacrum, heels on the ground


- The prone position is lying face downward

- Acromion, breasts (women), genital (men), knees, toes on the ground

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What is a joint?

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A site where two or more bones come together

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What is the 3 types of joints? Give example for each

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- no movement (eg: sutures of the skull)

- slight movement (eg: superior tibiofibular joint)

- freely movable (eg: shoulder joint)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Describe the term of movement of thumb and little finger

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Opposition - the thumb pad is brought to a finger pad

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What is physiology?

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

The study of biological functions of human body

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What is cell physiology?

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The study of physiological processes operating within and among cells, and intracellular communication and behaviour, in the context of larger systems and whole organisms

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  • 2603 Karteikarten
  • 256 Studierende
  • 13 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen SBP3116 - Human Organization, Integumentary and Musculoskeletal Systems Kurs an der Universiti Putra Malaysia - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What is homeostasis? Give 5 examples and explain

A:

All processes that living systems use to maintain steady internal, physical and chemical conditions necessary for survival


Eg: body temperature, fluid balance, pH of extracellular fluid, concentrations of sodium, potassium and calcium ions, blood sugar level


All of the variables need to be regulated despite changes in environment, diet or level of activity to be kept within homeostatic range

Q:

What are the 2 approaches that are used to study gross anatomy? Give examples

A:

Regional approach - Each region of the body is studied separately and all aspects of that region are studied at the same time

Examples: 

- Head & Neck

- Limbs (Upper and Lower Limbs)

- Trunk (Thorax & Back, Abdomen, Perineum& Pelvis)


Systemic approach - Each system of the body is studied and followed throughout the entire body

Examples:

- Skeletal System (Osteology)
- Articular System (Arthrology/ Syndesmology)
- Muscular System (Myology)
- Nervous System (Neurology)
- Circulatory System (Angiology)
- Gastrointestinal System (Gastroenterology)
- Respiratory System (Pulmonology)
- Urinary System (Urology)
- Reproductive System (Gynecology + Andrology)
- Endocrine System (Endocrinology)
- Integumentary System (Dermatology)

Q:

What is clinical anatomy?

A:

The study of the macroscopic structure and function of the body as it relates to the
practice of medicine and other health sciences


Q:

What is anatomy?

A:

The study of structure of the body that can be seen without using a microscope

Q:

What is the purpose of anatomical terminology?

A:

To describe the body clearly and to indicate the position of its parts and organs relative to each other

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What are the 3 sections of the body (eg: that can guide us one how to cut the specimens)?

A:

1. Longitudinal sections/ Vertical sections

- Run lengthwise in the direction of the long axis of the body or its parts


2. Transverse sections

- Cut at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the body or its parts (horizontally)


3. Oblique sections (potongan senget)

- Sections that are not cut in one of the main planes of the body

Q:

Explain about the supine and prone position

A:

- The supine position of the body is lying on the back

- The head, scapula, elbow, sacrum, heels on the ground


- The prone position is lying face downward

- Acromion, breasts (women), genital (men), knees, toes on the ground

Q:

What is a joint?

A:

A site where two or more bones come together

Q:

What is the 3 types of joints? Give example for each

A:

- no movement (eg: sutures of the skull)

- slight movement (eg: superior tibiofibular joint)

- freely movable (eg: shoulder joint)

Q:

Describe the term of movement of thumb and little finger

A:

Opposition - the thumb pad is brought to a finger pad

Q:

What is physiology?

A:

The study of biological functions of human body

Q:

What is cell physiology?

A:

The study of physiological processes operating within and among cells, and intracellular communication and behaviour, in the context of larger systems and whole organisms

SBP3116 - Human Organization, Integumentary and Musculoskeletal Systems

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