Immunology at Universiti Malaya | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für immunology an der Universiti Malaya

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Antigen?
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Foreign substances that induce a host response. All around us in nature.
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Attenuation 
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Making a pathogen less virulent. Takes place through heat, aging or chemical means
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Cytokines
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Small soluble proteins that regulate innate immunity and adaptive response to infection.
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Innate immunity 
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The ability to resist infection by means of normally present body functions.
Considered nonadaptive or nonspecific; responses are the same for all pathogens or foreign substances to which one is exposed. 
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Adaptive immunity
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A type of resistance characterized by specificity for each individual pathogen, or microbial agent and the ability to remember a prior exposure.
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Leukocytes
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White blood cells found in peripheral blood
Play a key role in both innate and adaptive immunity.
Types: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, lymphocytes.
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True or false: innate immunity is also known as natural immunity?
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True
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Diapedesis
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Movement of cells through blood vessel walls into the tissues
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Chemotaxis
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Chemical messengers that cause cells to migrate in a particular direction 
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Opsonization
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A protein that when it connects to a cell or pathogen it brings in phagocytes to destroy the cell. Serum proteins that attach to a foreign cell or pathogen and help prepare it for phagocytosis
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Phagocytosis
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When cells eat other cells
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Immunity
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Condition of being resistant to infection.
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen immunology Kurs an der Universiti Malaya - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Antigen?
A:
Foreign substances that induce a host response. All around us in nature.
Q:
Attenuation 
A:
Making a pathogen less virulent. Takes place through heat, aging or chemical means
Q:
Cytokines
A:
Small soluble proteins that regulate innate immunity and adaptive response to infection.
Q:
Innate immunity 
A:
The ability to resist infection by means of normally present body functions.
Considered nonadaptive or nonspecific; responses are the same for all pathogens or foreign substances to which one is exposed. 
Q:
Adaptive immunity
A:
A type of resistance characterized by specificity for each individual pathogen, or microbial agent and the ability to remember a prior exposure.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Leukocytes
A:
White blood cells found in peripheral blood
Play a key role in both innate and adaptive immunity.
Types: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, lymphocytes.
Q:
True or false: innate immunity is also known as natural immunity?
A:
True
Q:
Diapedesis
A:
Movement of cells through blood vessel walls into the tissues
Q:
Chemotaxis
A:
Chemical messengers that cause cells to migrate in a particular direction 
Q:
Opsonization
A:
A protein that when it connects to a cell or pathogen it brings in phagocytes to destroy the cell. Serum proteins that attach to a foreign cell or pathogen and help prepare it for phagocytosis
Q:
Phagocytosis
A:
When cells eat other cells
Q:
Immunity
A:
Condition of being resistant to infection.
immunology

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