Introduction to English Linguistics at Universität Würzburg

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What is a phoneme?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

What characterizes a derivational morpheme?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

What is "acoustic phonetics"?

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

What is "articulatory phonetics"?

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auditory phonetics

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

What characterized an inflectional morpheme?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

What is Phonology?

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

What are the three criteria for the description and classification of vowels?

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What is phonetics?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

What are the 4 major types of sentences? (Greenbaum 1991)

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What are the five tyoes of phrases?

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

(1a) some very pleasant times
NP contains ________________
(1b) in the shade of a large oak tree
PP contains _________________

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to English Linguistics at the Universität Würzburg on StudySmarter:

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is a phoneme?

The smallest meaning-distinguishing unit in a language.

Introduction to English Linguistics

What characterizes a derivational morpheme?

- robust semantic information, new concept

- create new lexemes

- may not habe a regular meaning

- may not be fully productive and are not fully generalized


e.g. [be-] in bedew, beguile, benight, bewitch

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is "acoustic phonetics"?

Study of the transmission and the physical properties of speech sounds describing sounds, concerned with measuring and analysing physical properties

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is "articulatory phonetics"?

Study of production of speech sounds describes how organs of speech (articulators) are used to produce speech sounds

Introduction to English Linguistics

auditory phonetics

study of perception of speech sounds, how sounds are perceived and processed by listener

Introduction to English Linguistics

What characterized an inflectional morpheme?

- primarily grammatical information

- create new word forms of already known lexemes

- never changes word class

- have regular meaning

- fully productive and highly generalized


e.g. [-s] in walks, talks, wants

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is Phonology?

A branch of linguistiv which studies the sound systems of languages.

Introduction to English Linguistics

What are the three criteria for the description and classification of vowels?

- hight of the tongue

- part of the tongue involved

- position of the lips

Introduction to English Linguistics

What is phonetics?

The study of speech sounds

Introduction to English Linguistics

What are the 4 major types of sentences? (Greenbaum 1991)

  • declarative - statement, convey information
  • interrogative - question, request information
  • imperative - derective, request action
  • exclamative - exclamation, express strong feeling

Introduction to English Linguistics

What are the five tyoes of phrases?

  • noun phrase (NP)
  • verb phrase (VP)
  • adjective phrase (AdjP)
  • adverb phrase (AdvP)
  • prepositional phrase (PP)

Introduction to English Linguistics

(1a) some very pleasant times
NP contains ________________
(1b) in the shade of a large oak tree
PP contains _________________

1a) some [very pleasant] time

1b) in (the shade [of a large oak tree])

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