Theories in International Relations at Universität Wien

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Theories in International Relations at the Universität Wien

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Why did NATO spread? Why do security communities spread in general?
(Realist vs Constructivist)

Exemplary flashcards for Theories in International Relations at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

How does Puolliot explain NATOs actions in general and with regard to the Iraqi crisis?

Exemplary flashcards for Theories in International Relations at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What does Wendt differentiate from Waltz regarding systems theory?

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Exemplary flashcards for Theories in International Relations at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Does Waltz say that there is a functual differentiation of units?

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What does Waltz think about Balance of Power?

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How did Waltz influence Wendt?

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How do Wendt and Waltz differ ontologically?

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Exemplary flashcards for Theories in International Relations at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

What kinds of anarchy exist according to Wendt?

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What is the Liberal World Order?

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What is it with Ikenberry & structure vs agency?

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According to Allison, which models apart from the Rational Policy Model can expand our analytic understanding of the Cuban Missile Crisis 1962?

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What did Emanuel Adler (2008) say about the NATO and Constructivism?

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Exemplary flashcards for Theories in International Relations at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Theories in International Relations

Why did NATO spread? Why do security communities spread in general?
(Realist vs Constructivist)

Realists argue that it was the possibility of a Russian threat that made the Central & Eastern European states seek NATO membership after the Cold War.

Constructivists say that it was the spread of practices through a cooperative-security community of practice

Adler argues that there has been a shift from security dilemmas and deterrence-based moves towards movements of security communities of practice

Theories in International Relations

How does Puolliot explain NATOs actions in general and with regard to the Iraqi crisis?

Puolliot says that practices of Security Communities are most successful only if they are practical, and have a common sense of what is to be done is self-evident. He says, in NATO, diplomacy is such a practice. Even when the Iraqi Crisis split NATO members views, all of them practiced diplomacy as a reaction, because it is the self-evident practice. 

Theories in International Relations

What does Wendt differentiate from Waltz regarding systems theory?

Wendt accepts from Waltz that anarchy characterizes the relations between states, but Wendt says that this anarchy is not materially but socially constructed. Also Wendt says that states will ultimately overcome anarchy and form a world state.

Theories in International Relations

Does Waltz say that there is a functual differentiation of units?

Since he is a realist, he says that the only actors in our system are states (no IOs, no NGOs...)
But according to him, there is no difference between states --> no functual differentiation of units in our system

Theories in International Relations

What does Waltz think about Balance of Power?

There is always BoP, if there is none, there will soon be one again
Bipolar one is more stable than a multipolar one

Theories in International Relations

How did Waltz influence Wendt?

Wendt read Waltz and agreed with a lot, but he put a constructivist twist to it - it is a social theory of international politics

Theories in International Relations

How do Wendt and Waltz differ ontologically?

According to Waltz, structure and agency are totally separate. But Wendt said that structure affects agency and agency affects structure.
Furthermore:
Waltz only materialist

Wendt is (almost exclusively) ideational. So Ideas matter much much, but material also a little.

Theories in International Relations

What kinds of anarchy exist according to Wendt?

  • Wendt says, that yes, Waltz is right with anarchy. But there are 3 cultures of anarchies:
  • Hobbesian system (the state is the enemy)
  •  Lockean system (rival)
  • Kantian system (friend)

Theories in International Relations

What is the Liberal World Order?

Theories of international order that often distinguish between the primary institutions and the secondary institutions. The primary ones are the most important elements of the liberal world order:

  1. Free Trade
  2. Democracy
  3. Human Rights


-> a lot of hypocracy in that!

Theories in International Relations

What is it with Ikenberry & structure vs agency?

Ikenberry argurees that the Liberal World order in itself is an institution that is so path dependant, and already so established, that event if the US has now decided to turn its back on it, it will stay. He stays that structure is so strong, that agency does not matter.

(Ikenberry = Liberalist) 

Theories in International Relations

According to Allison, which models apart from the Rational Policy Model can expand our analytic understanding of the Cuban Missile Crisis 1962?

The Organizational Process Model:

this analyst would identify the relevant organizations and their patterns responsible for their behavior


The Bureaucratic Politics Model:

Foreign policy actions are outcomes of bargaining games among national bureaucrats

Theories in International Relations

What did Emanuel Adler (2008) say about the NATO and Constructivism?

Adler is all about the importance of communities of practice in facilitating change, so he says that it was an "cooperative security" community of practice which endowed NATO with the practice necessary for enlargement in the 1990s

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