Linguistics at Universität Wien

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A morpheme is...


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What does inflectional mean? 

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Autonomy

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Free morphemes

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bound morpheme

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A morpheme can be either

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What is a root?

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The function/ meaning of a morpheme is either

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lexical morphemes are 


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What does derivational mean?

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What are grammatical morphemes? 

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What is a prefix? 

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Linguistics

A morpheme is...


the smallest meaningful unit



Linguistics

What does inflectional mean? 

  • bound
  • grammatical
  • grammatical info through affixes e.g -s, -ing 
  • word forms are created

Linguistics

Autonomy

wether a morpheme is free or bound. 

Wether it can stand on its own 

Linguistics

Free morphemes

can appear on their own. f.e man, cat, these, from

Linguistics

bound morpheme

in combination with other morphemes, f.e unhappy, cats

Linguistics

A morpheme can be either

simplex or complex 


Linguistics

What is a root?

a simplex basis; core element in a word

Linguistics

The function/ meaning of a morpheme is either

lexical or grammatical

Linguistics

lexical morphemes are 


  • content words
  • relation between word and world
  • noun, verbs, adjectives (open classes)

Linguistics

What does derivational mean?

  • bound
  • lexical
  • adds affix to a lexical base e.g. mother-hood

Linguistics

What are grammatical morphemes? 

  • function words
  • prepositions, articles, conjunctions, ... 

Linguistics

What is a prefix? 

affix before the base

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