Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics at Universität Wien

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What is descriptive?

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What is prescriptive/normative?

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What does paradigmatic mean?

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What's langue?

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What's the parole?

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What's a signified?
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What's a signifer?

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What's a sign?

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Are all linguistic sings symbols?

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What's Phonetics?
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What's articulary phonetics?

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Exemplary flashcards for Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics at the Universität Wien on StudySmarter:

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What is descriptive?
The description of how people speak, leaving out any value judgement

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What is prescriptive/normative?
Telling how people are supposed to speak, making up rules

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What does syntagmatic mean?
Axis of combination: what signs can be connected to another sign to form a sentence?

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What does paradigmatic mean?
Axis of substituation: what other signs can replace a sign within a sentence?

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What's langue?
The language system. People who speak the same langauage share a langue

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What's the parole?
The use of language. The individual use of the language system in any given situation.

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What's a signified?
The concept of meaning/function

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What's a signifer?
Sound sequence or form

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What's a sign?
A combination of form and meaning

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

Are all linguistic sings symbols?
Yes, except for onomatopeoetic words. They are, to some extent, iconic signs.

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What's Phonetics?
The study of the human sound system

Englisch Steop — Introduction to Linguistics

What's articulary phonetics?
How speech sounds are articulated/produced

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