Semantic Theory at Universität Stuttgart

Flashcards and summaries for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart

Arrow Arrow

It’s completely free

studysmarter schule studium
d

4.5 /5

studysmarter schule studium
d

4.8 /5

studysmarter schule studium
d

4.5 /5

studysmarter schule studium
d

4.8 /5

Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

In truth-conditional semantics, the meaning of a sentence is...

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Assume the actual world as the mode. For the following sentences, selebt them only if they are true: 


a) Berlin is the capital of Germany. 

b) Germany is a country in South Africa. 

c) Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania. 

d) Lithuania is a country in Africa.

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Assume a state of affairs in which there is a man called Homer, a woman called Marge. They have three children: Bart (a boy), Lisa (a girl) and Maggie (a girl). For the following sentences, select them only if they are true.


(a) Bart is Maggie’s brother. 

(b) Homer is Maggie’s brother. 

(c) Lisa is Marge’s daughter. 

(d) Lisa and Maggie are brothers

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

 Now assume a world that is like the actual world except that Bonn is the unique capital of Germany, there is a man Homer and his three siblings are called Bart (a boy), Lisa (a girl) and Maggie (a girl). For the following sentences, select them only if they are true.


(a) Berlin is the capital of Germany. 

(b) Homer is Maggie’s brother. 

(c) Homer and Bart are brothers. 

(d) Homer is Lisa’s father. 


Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

What’s the difference between a state of affairs and a possible world?


Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Distinguishing between truth conditions and truth values: 

It rained in Vilnius on April 25 1240.

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

An entailment is a type of

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

If sentence A entails sentence B, then sentence A...B

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Which expressions are synonyms for 'implication'?

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

A sentence A entails a sentence B if whenever A is... and B is...too. 

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Assume that the inference B arises from the sentence A. To identify whether B is entailed by A or conversationally implicated A, we apply the defeasibility diagnostic. How does this diagnostic work?

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Identify whether the following sentence stands in contrary or contradictory relation to 'Everybody danced' 

- Is is not the case that everybody danced

Your peers in the course Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart create and share summaries, flashcards, study plans and other learning materials with the intelligent StudySmarter learning app.

Get started now!

Flashcard Flashcard

Exemplary flashcards for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Semantic Theory

In truth-conditional semantics, the meaning of a sentence is...

its truth conditions

Semantic Theory

Assume the actual world as the mode. For the following sentences, selebt them only if they are true: 


a) Berlin is the capital of Germany. 

b) Germany is a country in South Africa. 

c) Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania. 

d) Lithuania is a country in Africa.

a) and c) are correct 

Semantic Theory

Assume a state of affairs in which there is a man called Homer, a woman called Marge. They have three children: Bart (a boy), Lisa (a girl) and Maggie (a girl). For the following sentences, select them only if they are true.


(a) Bart is Maggie’s brother. 

(b) Homer is Maggie’s brother. 

(c) Lisa is Marge’s daughter. 

(d) Lisa and Maggie are brothers

The correct answer is a and c

Semantic Theory

 Now assume a world that is like the actual world except that Bonn is the unique capital of Germany, there is a man Homer and his three siblings are called Bart (a boy), Lisa (a girl) and Maggie (a girl). For the following sentences, select them only if they are true.


(a) Berlin is the capital of Germany. 

(b) Homer is Maggie’s brother. 

(c) Homer and Bart are brothers. 

(d) Homer is Lisa’s father. 


The correct answers are b) and c) 

Semantic Theory

What’s the difference between a state of affairs and a possible world?


A possible world is a complete specification of how things are whereas a state of affairs may leave things open

Semantic Theory

Distinguishing between truth conditions and truth values: 

It rained in Vilnius on April 25 1240.

truth conditions

Semantic Theory

An entailment is a type of

implication

Semantic Theory

If sentence A entails sentence B, then sentence A...B

implies

Semantic Theory

Which expressions are synonyms for 'implication'?

- meaning 

- inference

Semantic Theory

A sentence A entails a sentence B if whenever A is... and B is...too. 

The correct answer is 'true' and 'true'

Semantic Theory

Assume that the inference B arises from the sentence A. To identify whether B is entailed by A or conversationally implicated A, we apply the defeasibility diagnostic. How does this diagnostic work?

We combine sentence A with the negation of B.  If the resulting example (e.g., A and not B) is self-contradictory, B is entailed by A. If the resulting example is not self-contradictory, B is not entailed by A. 

Semantic Theory

Identify whether the following sentence stands in contrary or contradictory relation to 'Everybody danced' 

- Is is not the case that everybody danced

Contradiction

Sign up for free to see all flashcards and summaries for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart

Singup Image Singup Image
Wave

Other courses from your degree program

For your degree program Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart there are already many courses on StudySmarter, waiting for you to join them. Get access to flashcards, summaries, and much more.

Back to Universität Stuttgart overview page

What is StudySmarter?

What is StudySmarter?

StudySmarter is an intelligent learning tool for students. With StudySmarter you can easily and efficiently create flashcards, summaries, mind maps, study plans and more. Create your own flashcards e.g. for Semantic Theory at the Universität Stuttgart or access thousands of learning materials created by your fellow students. Whether at your own university or at other universities. Hundreds of thousands of students use StudySmarter to efficiently prepare for their exams. Available on the Web, Android & iOS. It’s completely free.

Awards

Best EdTech Startup in Europe

Awards
Awards

EUROPEAN YOUTH AWARD IN SMART LEARNING

Awards
Awards

BEST EDTECH STARTUP IN GERMANY

Awards
Awards

Best EdTech Startup in Europe

Awards
Awards

EUROPEAN YOUTH AWARD IN SMART LEARNING

Awards
Awards

BEST EDTECH STARTUP IN GERMANY

Awards