Introduction to Linguistics at Universität Stuttgart

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Vowels

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Description of Vowels

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Vowels - Differences RP & GA

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Monophtong vs Diphtong

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Vowel Trapezium

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Cardinal Vowels

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English Front Vowels

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English Central Vowels

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English Back Vowels

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Baden-Württemberg 

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Bremen

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savoir

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistics at the Universität Stuttgart on StudySmarter:

Introduction to Linguistics

Vowels
Articulation:
(1) little obstruction in the vocal tract
(2) Tongue = primary articulating organ
(3) always voiced
Function:
sonorous
Other Features:
syllabic -> nucleus of a syllable

Introduction to Linguistics

Description of Vowels
(1) Rounding of the lips
(2) Placement of the tongue
(3) Lenght

Introduction to Linguistics

Vowels - Differences RP & GA
Received Pronounciation:
[ɒ] 
(eg. what [wɒt])

[ɜː] 
(eg. work [wɜːk]), it only exists as a long vowel in RP

General American:
[ɜ] 
(eg. work)
in GA this only exists as a short vowel before [r]

Introduction to Linguistics

Monophtong vs Diphtong
Monophtongs:
Steady vowel quality

Diphtongs:
Change in quality within a single syllable

Introduction to Linguistics

Vowel Trapezium
Symbolizes the horizontal & vertical area in which the tongue bladed can be moved 

Introduction to Linguistics

Cardinal Vowels
- DANIEL JONES -

What are they?
Vowels that represent the extreme points of the vowel trapezium

Why are they useful?
To define the vowel space & to help with the description of actual (English) vowels




Introduction to Linguistics

English Front Vowels
High Front Vowels:
[i:]
long high front unrounded vowel
eg. she
[ɪ]
short high front unrounded vowel
eg.spit

Mid Front Vowels:
[ɛ]
short mid front unrounded vowel
eg. let

Low Front Vowels:
[æ]
low front unrounded vowel
eg. dad

Introduction to Linguistics

English Central Vowels
Mid Central Vowels:
[з]
mid-central unrounded vowel
eg. work

[ʌ] 
low-mid back unrounded vowel
eg. father

Introduction to Linguistics

English Back Vowels
High Back Vowels
[u]
high back rounded vowel
eg. boot

[ʊ]
near high back rounded vowel
eg. good, put


Introduction to Linguistics

Baden-Württemberg 
Le Bade-Wurtemberg

Introduction to Linguistics

Bremen
Brême

Introduction to Linguistics

savoir
wissen

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