International Law - Lecture at Universität St. Gallen | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

ICTY and ICTR

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Signature vs. Ratification of a Treaty

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • signature: does not establish the consent to be bound by the treaty. It is a means of authentification & willingness to continue the treaty-making process. Still, it creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts defeating the object and purpose of the treaty
  • ratification: state indicates its consent to be bound to a treaty
  • accession: ratification after a treaty entered into force (e.g. new member)
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

ICC

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

International Criminal Court

international org in itself

prosecutes individuals for violations of international law 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

customary international law

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • refers to international obligations arising from established international practices
  • results from a general and consistent practice of states that they follow from a sense of legal obligation
  • Customary international law can be established by showing: state practice & opinio juris (opinion of law)
  • may be laid down in a treaty or it may not. 
  • no hierarchy btw treaty and customary international law - they nay overlap
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Procedural part

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

determine if the court has jurisdiction

- consent of the states for jurisdiction

- court has determined if it can answer Q


! Discretion- court can exercise, court decides if they even should answer

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

WTO

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

own courts

Accredited Body -> Panels


Trade agreement like the GATT

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

state def & requirements

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

base unit of international law (original legal subject of international law)


  1. People
  2. Territory
  3. Functioning authority
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Security Council

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

organ of the UN 

primary responsibility = maintenance of international peace and security

Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.

Issues binding resolutions when there is a threat to world peace (according to the UN Charter) 


art. 39 of UN charter


The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Operative clause

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

formal and actual decision of the court

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

ECJ or ECJEU

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

European Court of Justice

Judicial organ of the EU

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

ECtHR

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

European court of Human Rights

Focuses on individuals 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

VCLT

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Product of the International Law Convention (ILC)

multilateral treaty 

art.2 VCLT defines what a treaty is as well as ratification

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  • 26140 Karteikarten
  • 539 Studierende
  • 3 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen International Law - Lecture Kurs an der Universität St. Gallen - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

ICTY and ICTR

A:

International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Q:

Signature vs. Ratification of a Treaty

A:
  • signature: does not establish the consent to be bound by the treaty. It is a means of authentification & willingness to continue the treaty-making process. Still, it creates an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts defeating the object and purpose of the treaty
  • ratification: state indicates its consent to be bound to a treaty
  • accession: ratification after a treaty entered into force (e.g. new member)
Q:

ICC

A:

International Criminal Court

international org in itself

prosecutes individuals for violations of international law 

Q:

customary international law

A:
  • refers to international obligations arising from established international practices
  • results from a general and consistent practice of states that they follow from a sense of legal obligation
  • Customary international law can be established by showing: state practice & opinio juris (opinion of law)
  • may be laid down in a treaty or it may not. 
  • no hierarchy btw treaty and customary international law - they nay overlap
Q:

Procedural part

A:

determine if the court has jurisdiction

- consent of the states for jurisdiction

- court has determined if it can answer Q


! Discretion- court can exercise, court decides if they even should answer

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

WTO

A:

own courts

Accredited Body -> Panels


Trade agreement like the GATT

Q:

state def & requirements

A:

base unit of international law (original legal subject of international law)


  1. People
  2. Territory
  3. Functioning authority
Q:

Security Council

A:

organ of the UN 

primary responsibility = maintenance of international peace and security

Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.

Issues binding resolutions when there is a threat to world peace (according to the UN Charter) 


art. 39 of UN charter


The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Q:

Operative clause

A:

formal and actual decision of the court

Q:

ECJ or ECJEU

A:

European Court of Justice

Judicial organ of the EU

Q:

ECtHR

A:

European court of Human Rights

Focuses on individuals 

Q:

VCLT

A:

Product of the International Law Convention (ILC)

multilateral treaty 

art.2 VCLT defines what a treaty is as well as ratification

International Law - Lecture

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