International Law - Exercises at Universität St. Gallen | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für International Law - Exercises an der Universität St. Gallen

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which article dictates the sources of international law and which are they ? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Art. 38 ICJ 

1. International conventions
2. International customs
3. General principles of law 
4. Judicial decisions and the teachings 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
definition of international customary law ? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
It consists of rules that comes from a general practice accepted by the law and exist independent of treaty law. It acts as a “saving parachute” when conventions and treaties don’t address a certain issue/topic and creates a law of obligations
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Scholars teachings 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Not primary source - shows evidence of law and how the law is 
Publicists not engage in law making 
Prominent scholars like Herschel Lauterpacht were instrumental in defining what is against humanity - e.g. no genocides, crimes against humanity

helped in the formation of law - but nowadays scholarships role is diminishing  
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which article defines treaties/conventions? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
art.2 of the Vienna Convention on the law of treaties (VCLT)

An international agreement concluded btw states in written form and governed y international law 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Example of general principles of law 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Cannot bring a claim infinitely 
Principle of freedom of maritime communication 
Principle of good faith 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Subsidiary sources of international law 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Judicial decisions and teachings of the most qualified publicists of the various nations 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Universality (TWAIL)

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN

the promise of global order and stability is not legitimate and just claim for international law . It is more about domination and subordination rather than resistance and liberalization 


sovereign equality btw states is not lifted out in practice -- changes in the negotiation dynamics and meaning concepts relating to international law are needed 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Example of bodies / int organisations that render judicial decisions/opinions relevant for international law
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
ICJ ( and predecessor PCIJ)
European court of human rights 
European court of justice 
War tribunals like tribunal of Rwanda 
Arbitral tribunals - eg permanent court of arbitration 
ITLOS and arbitral tribunals for the law of the sea 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Are judicial decisions binding? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
No - art.59 of ICJ statue 
The decision of the court is only binding btw the parties of the particular case 
Yet—- continuity of case law 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Continuity of case law 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Creates new obligations and deviates from the principle that there is no binding precedence of judicial decisions 

continuous precedence : numerous decisions that find the same answer 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Consequence of continuous precedence 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Court looking back at pats decisions and their consequences to remain in line with their argumentation over the years and justify their decision - case law 

body initially not intended to create law — ICJ cites and references a lot of its past decisions ~ may be problematic 

Tension btw the independent body, supranational body and the agents 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Judicial decisions ? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Authorative evidence of the state of international law 
For example the nb of decisions & opinions of ICJ that tend to express the same (same pattern) could lead to this type of jurisprudence : continuous development of the law through case law 
Lösung ausblenden
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Q:
Which article dictates the sources of international law and which are they ? 
A:
Art. 38 ICJ 

1. International conventions
2. International customs
3. General principles of law 
4. Judicial decisions and the teachings 
Q:
definition of international customary law ? 
A:
It consists of rules that comes from a general practice accepted by the law and exist independent of treaty law. It acts as a “saving parachute” when conventions and treaties don’t address a certain issue/topic and creates a law of obligations
Q:
Scholars teachings 
A:
Not primary source - shows evidence of law and how the law is 
Publicists not engage in law making 
Prominent scholars like Herschel Lauterpacht were instrumental in defining what is against humanity - e.g. no genocides, crimes against humanity

helped in the formation of law - but nowadays scholarships role is diminishing  
Q:
Which article defines treaties/conventions? 
A:
art.2 of the Vienna Convention on the law of treaties (VCLT)

An international agreement concluded btw states in written form and governed y international law 
Q:
Example of general principles of law 
A:
Cannot bring a claim infinitely 
Principle of freedom of maritime communication 
Principle of good faith 
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Q:
Subsidiary sources of international law 
A:
Judicial decisions and teachings of the most qualified publicists of the various nations 
Q:

Universality (TWAIL)

A:

the promise of global order and stability is not legitimate and just claim for international law . It is more about domination and subordination rather than resistance and liberalization 


sovereign equality btw states is not lifted out in practice -- changes in the negotiation dynamics and meaning concepts relating to international law are needed 

Q:
Example of bodies / int organisations that render judicial decisions/opinions relevant for international law
A:
ICJ ( and predecessor PCIJ)
European court of human rights 
European court of justice 
War tribunals like tribunal of Rwanda 
Arbitral tribunals - eg permanent court of arbitration 
ITLOS and arbitral tribunals for the law of the sea 
Q:
Are judicial decisions binding? 
A:
No - art.59 of ICJ statue 
The decision of the court is only binding btw the parties of the particular case 
Yet—- continuity of case law 
Q:
Continuity of case law 
A:
Creates new obligations and deviates from the principle that there is no binding precedence of judicial decisions 

continuous precedence : numerous decisions that find the same answer 
Q:
Consequence of continuous precedence 
A:
Court looking back at pats decisions and their consequences to remain in line with their argumentation over the years and justify their decision - case law 

body initially not intended to create law — ICJ cites and references a lot of its past decisions ~ may be problematic 

Tension btw the independent body, supranational body and the agents 
Q:
Judicial decisions ? 
A:
Authorative evidence of the state of international law 
For example the nb of decisions & opinions of ICJ that tend to express the same (same pattern) could lead to this type of jurisprudence : continuous development of the law through case law 
International Law - Exercises

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