Linguistik

Flashcards and summaries for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Linguistik at the Universität Siegen

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

English and German are...

Select the correct answers:

  1. West-Germanic languages

  2. Anglo-Frisian languages

  3. East Germanic languages

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What does the Markedness Differential Hypothesis say?

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Characterize the typological approach to language.

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Contrastive linguistics is...

Select the correct answers:

  1. diagnostic tool for language acquisition and use

  2. a tool of prognosis in terms of grammar

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Name the difference between the two types of representation.


Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Give an example of overdifferentiation.

Select the correct answers:

  1. Frucht/Obst vs. fruit

  2. progressive vs. simple form

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What is the difference between over- and under-differentiation?

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What types of transfer do not lead to mistakes?

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

What types of transfer lead to mistakes?

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

phonetic substitution of /θ, ð, w/ by German speakers of ESL

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

substitution

Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Name common properties of West Germanic languages.

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistik at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Linguistik

English and German are...

  1. West-Germanic languages

  2. Anglo-Frisian languages

  3. East Germanic languages

Linguistik

What does the Markedness Differential Hypothesis say?

foreign-
language learners experience difficulties when target language is

–  (more) marked as compared to L1

and

– L2 is
typologically unusual (i.e. does not follow a universal tendency)

Linguistik

Characterize the typological approach to language.

comparison of several language systems

two parameters only

examines family relationships

reconstructs former stages of given languages

Linguistik

Contrastive linguistics is...

  1. diagnostic tool for language acquisition and use

  2. a tool of prognosis in terms of grammar

Linguistik

Name the difference between the two types of representation.


overrepresentation: excessive use of structures that occur either in L1 or L2

underrepresentation: rare use of structures that would be used more often by native speakers

Linguistik

Give an example of overdifferentiation.

  1. Frucht/Obst vs. fruit

  2. progressive vs. simple form

Linguistik

What is the difference between over- and under-differentiation?

overdifferentiation: L1-differentiation does not exist in L2

underdifferentiation: L2-differentiation does not exist in L1

Linguistik

What types of transfer do not lead to mistakes?

overrepresentation

underrepresentation

Linguistik

What types of transfer lead to mistakes?

substitution

overdifferentiation

underdifferentiation

Linguistik

phonetic substitution of /θ, ð, w/ by German speakers of ESL

/s, z, v/

Linguistik

substitution

leads to mistakes,

speaker replaces something with what (s)he
considers the ‘closest’ equivalent of L1 for something of L2

Linguistik

Name common properties of West Germanic languages.

  • V2 position in declarative sentences

  • V1 in interrogatives / question inversion

  • non-pronoun-dropping languages

  • analyticity

  • morphological marking of past

  • unmarked non-past/ present

  • distinction between weak and strong verbs

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