Grammar in use at Universität Siegen

Flashcards and summaries for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen

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Second type / hypothetical or counterfactual condition


Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Going to future 

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Simple future

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Could / was/were able to

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Fist type / future conditional sentences

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Might 

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Simple Present

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Past perfect 

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Present perfect progressive

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Third type / hypothetical and counterfactual - with past time reference 

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

"Zero" / generic conditional sentences

Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Simple Past

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Exemplary flashcards for Grammar in use at the Universität Siegen on StudySmarter:

Grammar in use

Second type / hypothetical or counterfactual condition

If clause :

  • Simple past
  • Present progressive 

Main clause:

  • Would / could / might 

Speculative or untrue
Were for all persons
Often to give advice

Grammar in use

Going to future 

Be + going to + base

  • Prediction of future events
  • Statements of future intentions 
  • Predictions based on present evidence 
  • Often used in conversations 

Grammar in use

Simple future

Will + base

  • Prediction of future events
  • Statement spontaneous actions / reactions 
  • Requests / promises

Grammar in use

Could / was/were able to

  • General ability
  • Particular occasion – able to
  • Lack of ability – negatives

Grammar in use

Fist type / future conditional sentences

If clause:

  • Simple present 
  • Present progressive
  • Present perfect 
  • Present perfect progressive 

Main clause:

  • Future (will going to + base)

Actions probable / likely
Main clause : prediction of expected results

Grammar in use

Might 

  • Drawing a conclusion 
  • Speculation
  • Neutral suggestion
  • Criticism (strong )

Grammar in use

Simple Present

  • Base
  • Base + s 

  • General facts 
  • Habitual / reoccurring events
  • Stative verbs
  • Planned future actions (future time word)

Grammar in use

Past perfect 

  • Had + past participle verb

  • Action completed prior to some other action 
  • Clarification of sequence

Grammar in use

Present perfect progressive

Have been + base + Inc

  • Past activity extending to present 
  • Sense of ongoing action
  • Emphasis on duration (taking a long time)

Grammar in use

Third type / hypothetical and counterfactual - with past time reference 

If clause :

  • Past perfect
  • Past perfect progressive

Main clause :

  • Would have / could /might + past participle 

Impossible fulfillment of condition

Grammar in use

"Zero" / generic conditional sentences

If clause :

  • If + simple present 
  • If + simple past

Main clause:

  • Simple present 
  • Simple past

Facts, habitual actions .

Grammar in use

Simple Past
  • Base +ed 

  • Actions completed in past
  • Actions occurred regularly in the past
  • Completed conditions

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