Linguistic at Universität Regensburg

Flashcards and summaries for Linguistic at the Universität Regensburg

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Collocation


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acoustic phonetics

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S V O CO


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auditory phonetics

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articulatory phonetics

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word-manufactor

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Free variants 
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Allophones

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phonotactics






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Homographs 

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Homonyms
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Homophony 

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Exemplary flashcards for Linguistic at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Linguistic


Collocation



statistically significant co-occurrence of words (›the company a word keeps‹)

blond hair; rancid butter, addled eggs, sour milk


Linguistic

acoustic phonetics
how they are transmitted
through the air

Linguistic


S V O CO



complex-transitive


Linguistic

auditory phonetics
and how listeners perceive
and interpret them

Linguistic

articulatory phonetics
how speakers produce
speech sounds

Linguistic

word-manufactor


The invention of a new word without any basis in existing vocabulary:

Kodak, Exxon, quark

Even word-manufacture is not entirely free. It may use fancy spelling, buthas to follow basic phonotactic rules to be pronounceable. Speakers’perception will be influenced by associations and sound-symbolism:

/gl-/: glare, gleam, glimmer, glisten, glitter, glitz, gloss, glow ...
/sl-/: slack, slattern, sleek, slime, sloth, slouch, slow, slug, slump, slur...


Linguistic

Free variants 
in terms of their functional status within the
English sound system, the sounds [r], [ɻ] and [ɾ] are free variants – the speaker has the choice

Linguistic

Allophones
Different realisations of one phoneme that occur in complementary
distribution 
I.e. ›clear l ‹ [l] -> before vowels 
›dark l ‹ [ɫ] (velarised) -> before conosants




Linguistic

phonotactics






combinations of sounds allowed by a language 
E.g. in English:
• /ŋ/ in initial position,
• /h, w, j, e, æ, ʌ, ɒ/ in final position,
• /ə/ in stressed syllables.

Linguistic

Homographs 
same spelling
(different pronunciation)

Linguistic

Homonyms
same pronunciation
same spelling

Linguistic

Homophony 
same pronunciation
(different spelling)

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Begabung und Lernkompetenzen

English in Use

British Literary History

Intro to American Studies

Linguistics at

LMU München

Linguistics at

St. Petersburg State University

Linguistics at

Universität Paderborn

Linguistics at

Universität Kassel

Linguistics at

Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

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