English in Use at Universität Regensburg

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Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

medium-transferability

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

historical priority of

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

structural priority of spoken language

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Functional priority of spoken language

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Historicism


Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Structuralism

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

linguistic relativity

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Functionalism

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Prague school

functional sentence perspective

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Generativism (Chomsky)

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Traditional language studies (Antiquity – Middle Ages – 17th c.)

Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

Historical comparative language studies (18th/19th c.)


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Exemplary flashcards for English in Use at the Universität Regensburg on StudySmarter:

English in Use

medium-transferability

a quality of language;

wriiten language can be spoken, spoken language can be written down

English in Use

historical priority of

speech over writing

English in Use

structural priority of spoken language

spoken language is structurally more basic than written language

English in Use

Functional priority of spoken language

spoken language is used for a wider range of purposes than written language

English in Use

Historicism


view that linguistics is necessarily historical in character;

reacting against French Enlightenment idea of connecting everything to the human mind

English in Use

Structuralism

From Saussure's Cours de linguistique générale in 1916; 20th century school 

Synchronic > diachronic

structural > causal

langue (language-system) vs. parole (language-behaviour)

sytagmatic and paradigmatic relations 

semiotic systems: the signified/ signifié and the signifier/ signifiant; arbitrariness of the linguisitc sign


English in Use

linguistic relativity

thesis: there are no universal properties of human languages = relativism; associated with most schools of structuralism

=/= universalism

English in Use

Functionalism

a particular movement in structuralism; esp. Prague school with Roman Jakobson and Nikolai Trubetzkoy

structure is determined by function 

distinctive,demarcative and expressive functions of phonetic features

emphasis on multifunctionality of language

English in Use

Prague school

functional sentence perspective

Syntax indicates which information is given and which is new

English in Use

Generativism (Chomsky)

  • theory by Chomsky and followers; developed out of structuralism/ American descriptivism
  • infinite number of potential utterances in any given language (recursiveness) > SLA: children do NOT just repeat
  • language is free from stimulus-control; 
  • rule-governed creativity limited by rules of productivity and grammaticality
  • interested in what languages have in common, innate universal grammar and its arbitrariness
  • competence  vs. performance

English in Use

Traditional language studies (Antiquity – Middle Ages – 17th c.)

Latin grammar

Prescriptivism

English in Use

Historical comparative language studies (18th/19th c.)


Mechanistic physics

Darwin's theory of evolution

Language families

Proto-languages

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