English Language Teaching at Universität Potsdam

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Explain briefly the concept of the behaviorist perspective and where you see certain disadvantages or difficulties for language learning when applied in the EFL classroom.

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

How can the language teacher's mindset influence their teaching?

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Please explain briefly the concept of the behaviorist perspective and where you see certain disadvantages or difficulties for language learning when applied in the EFL classroom.

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Explain the different functions of (a) pre-, (b) while- and (c) post- listening/ -reading/ -viewing activities.

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Heterogeneity in the classroom is a challenge EFL teachers face every day. In what areas may students differ from each other? Name three areas that are most important to you.

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

The different positions regarding grammar instruction.

1. explicit, deductive

2. explicit, inductive

3. implicit, deductive

4. implicit, inductive

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Explain two grammatical instruction briefly in more than two sentences each. 

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Fill gaps with reactive, proactive, interventionist and non-interventionist!


1. PPP is a(n)____,____ approach to grammar instruction.

2. FonF is a(n)____,____ approach to grammar instruction.

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

How can a process-based approach to writing inform ELT? Think of the process involved in text production, e.g. following Flower & Hayes' (1981) writing process model.

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

What does it mean to "know a word"?

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Explain what TBLL means, name its main characteristics and elaborate briefly on the teacher's role. Also give an example task.

Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

Define culture. Briefly elaborate on the implication the definition has for the EFL classroom?

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Exemplary flashcards for English Language Teaching at the Universität Potsdam on StudySmarter:

English Language Teaching

Explain briefly the concept of the behaviorist perspective and where you see certain disadvantages or difficulties for language learning when applied in the EFL classroom.

Teachers focus on habit formation through repetition and reinforcement. It is an imidiate language input, so the students memorise and learn the patterns. The teacher has to expose the student to a large amount of correct language use.

The approach is often criticised by the not always given improvement by performance. Also, students often fail to transfer to real communicative situations. For some it also may be boring and lacks creativity.

English Language Teaching

How can the language teacher's mindset influence their teaching?
Through personal beliefs, experiences, assumptions, knowledge and attitudes.  Also, teachers will teach as they were taught not as taught to teach until they become reflective practitioners. 

English Language Teaching

Please explain briefly the concept of the behaviorist perspective and where you see certain disadvantages or difficulties for language learning when applied in the EFL classroom.

The perspective focuses on habit formation through repetition and reinforcement. The teacher imitates language input and the students memorise and imitate language patterns. A prominent method is here the audio-lingual-method.


But the perspective does not always ensure the improvement just by performance and often students fail to transfer to real communication. Also, for some it may be boring and lack creativity.

English Language Teaching

Explain the different functions of (a) pre-, (b) while- and (c) post- listening/ -reading/ -viewing activities.

(a) They prepare the learners for the activities and the comprehension, create attention and activate the pre-knowledge. 

(b) They support activities for structuring and supporting the comprehension. Also, they redirect and focus the learner on the topic and come into dialogue with the text. 

(c) Such tasks are used for evaluating the comprehension and are opportunities to communicate the new information (active practice). 

English Language Teaching

Heterogeneity in the classroom is a challenge EFL teachers face every day. In what areas may students differ from each other? Name three areas that are most important to you.

language skills

work ethic

social skills

social background

prior knowledge

interest

ERA approach

English Language Teaching

The different positions regarding grammar instruction.

1. explicit, deductive

2. explicit, inductive

3. implicit, deductive

4. implicit, inductive

1. 

  • traditional teaching
  • PPP, FonF

2. 

  • rule discovery
  • planned FonF

3.

  • UG parameters
  • incidental FonF

4.

  • L1 acquisition
  • no FonF


English Language Teaching

Explain two grammatical instruction briefly in more than two sentences each. 

1. PPP

PPP is about the Presentation, Practice and Production. During the presentation, the learners are exposed to patters, which they learn to control during practice and later use freely to communicate while producing speech. The PPP approach is an interventionist instruction.

2. FonF

Focus on Form is a rather active non-interventionist approach and is mainly based  on meaning and communication and "learning by opportunity". The approach deals with noticing and comparing the gap of grammatical knowledge. To fill the gap, the teacher must integrate new grammatical structures into the IL.

English Language Teaching

Fill gaps with reactive, proactive, interventionist and non-interventionist!


1. PPP is a(n)____,____ approach to grammar instruction.

2. FonF is a(n)____,____ approach to grammar instruction.

1. proactive, non-interventionist

2. reactive, interventionist

English Language Teaching

How can a process-based approach to writing inform ELT? Think of the process involved in text production, e.g. following Flower & Hayes' (1981) writing process model.

Though providing a framework, focus on benefits, provide planning strategies, create drafts, rewrite, give feedback and present. Clear goals and receptive activities benefit the learners outcome and progress in language learning. 

The aim is to control the cognitive strategies, do pre-(writing) task and use a genre-based approach.


English Language Teaching

What does it mean to "know a word"?

It means the learner knows the crucial meaning, as well as the form and the meaning combined (building link to learn lexical use) and the appropriate use of the word (receptive and productive knowledge). 

English Language Teaching

Explain what TBLL means, name its main characteristics and elaborate briefly on the teacher's role. Also give an example task.

TBLL is a task supported approach based on L2 assumptions of communication interaction. The focus is on pragmatic meaning and the gaps/lack of certain skills, knowledge (etc.). Also, the learner chooses the learning material and the outcome is non-linguistic. 

The students are supported throughout the whole process. The framework contains (several) pre-task(s), a task cycle and a language focus task/post-task. The teacher is only a motivator.

An example is the Airport-Project. 

--> students asked to discuss a topic

teacher provides material and vocabulary

develop a basis for the learners

learners solve talks in groups (reports/presentation)

analyze the outcome and practice


English Language Teaching

Define culture. Briefly elaborate on the implication the definition has for the EFL classroom?

Culture is a shared set of meanings and is in flux as well as heterogeneous, complex and has diverse meanings. 

Culture helps to develop intercultural competences (knowledge of other social groups, open to suspend disbelief about other cultures, evaluate critically, interpret events and explain them, acquire and operate new knowledge in real time).

The learners are intercultural agents.

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Linguistics 2

Emotionen und Konflikte

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