Literary Studies at Universität Passau

Flashcards and summaries for Literary Studies at the Universität Passau

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Study with flashcards and summaries for the course Literary Studies at the Universität Passau

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Narration and Time 

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Definitions of Literariness

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Relation of Text to Reality

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Romantic Realism and Naturalism - historical context 1860-1910

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Narrative Situations (Stanzel, 1979)

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Literary Studies — 3 Unterpunkte

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Literary histories 2

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Challenges of writing literary histories 

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The Renaissance 1500-1660

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Ambiguity

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Use of Language

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Language function

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Exemplary flashcards for Literary Studies at the Universität Passau on StudySmarter:

Literary Studies

Narration and Time 
Duration 
  • Discourse time (Erzählzeit): time it takes to read etc. 
  • story time (erzählte Zeit): time frame of what is narrated
Time manipulation options
  • Ellipsis (discourse time skips to a later part in story time)
  • Summary (story time is longer than discourse time)
  • Scene (story time and discourse time are equal)
  • Stretch (discourse time exceeds story time)
  • Pause (story time comes to a standstill while discourse time continues)


Literary Studies

Definitions of Literariness
Normative Definitions
  •  Evaluate texts 
  • Distinguish between „Good“ literature/ literary fiction and popular literature/ fiction 
  • Problem: purely subjective, normative definitions not approved of in Literary studies 
Descriptive Definitions
  • Only describe texts 
  • Textual and contextual facts 

Literary Studies

Relation of Text to Reality
  • Expectation: Literary Texts present an imaginary, Made-up world, their information need not be verifiable 
  • Fictiousness as defining feature of Literary texts (fictionality recognizable because of indicators on the levels of the text, paratext, context)
  • Definition of Literary texts Boy delimiting them from referential/ expository texts (characterised by reliable and verifiable factual information)

Literary Studies

Romantic Realism and Naturalism - historical context 1860-1910
  • Civil war (1861-65) brings demands for a truer type of literature that does not idealize people/places
  • Post-Darwinian biology: if species adapt to their environments, maybe one can change disadvantageous environments
  • Criticism: building of the big monopolies (the gilded age)
  • Photography

Literary Studies

Narrative Situations (Stanzel, 1979)
Distinction between 3 typical narrative situations
  • Authorial narrative situation
  • First-person narrative situation
  • Figural  narrative situation

Literary Studies

Literary Studies — 3 Unterpunkte
Literary Theory
— What is literature?
— What doesit do?
— Why?
Literary Criticism
— from subjective impression...
—to objective critique
— analysis, Interpretation
Literary History
— (re)construction of Development
— Canon and Canonisation
—> importance
—> representation of culture(s)
—>normative

Literary Studies

Literary histories 2
  • The evaluations and principles of selection used in literary histories are not stable, but change in the course of history
  • Literary histories subdivide  the history of literature into periods (‚periodization‘)
  • The periods in literary histories are usually further subdivided along the lines of authors or genres

Literary Studies

Challenges of writing literary histories 
  • Suitability of period names 
  • Period separation: transition zones rather than hard borders 
  • Heterogeneity of literatures produced within a period
  • Relation between literary texts and non-literary contexts

Literary Studies

The Renaissance 1500-1660
  • Constant struggle for political stability („Tudor myth“)
  • Intellectual/ religious revolutions
-> separation from Rome, time of important discoveries, (e.g. Copernican world picture), voyages of discovery (e.g. Sir Walter Raleigh), recurrence to ideas from classical antiquity (e.g. Aristotle/ great chain of being) and the discovery of the individual (humanism)
  • Literary developments:  invention of printing press, patron system as basis of literary production (no literary market), theatre as mass medium (traveling companies + theatre buildings)

Literary Studies

Ambiguity
  • Expectation: literary texts can be interpreted in several different ways because they have multiple meanings 
  • Ascription of literariness occurrs by delimiting literary texts from factual/ expository texts (Single, conventionalised meaning expected)

Literary Studies

Use of Language
-Literature is characterized by a special usage of language
  • Defamiliarised 
  • De-automatised 
-this ascription of literariness regards literature as a category of texts whose language deviates clearly from everyday language

Literary Studies

Language function
  • Literary texts are characterized by a prevalence of the “poetic language function” 
-> Language refers first and foremost to itself
-> Draws attention to the form of the text

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