Introduction to Linguistic at Universität Paderborn

Flashcards and summaries for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn

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What is language?

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Prescriptive

Binding rules for 'correct' language use.

  • Pronunciation
  • Orthography, syntax, grammar etc.

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Signifiant


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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Competence

- knowledge of language (through grammar, syntax, lexism etc.)

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Langue

- rules placed in a given language

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Phonetics and Phonology

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Morphology and Word formation

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Syntax

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Semantics

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Signifié

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Fundamental aspects to Linguistics

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Non-contrastive (or monolingual)

One language in focus (e.g. English)

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistic at the Universität Paderborn on StudySmarter:

Introduction to Linguistic

What is language?

  • Abstract system of signs
  • Human communication
  • separated into particular languages (e.g. english, french, german)

Introduction to Linguistic

Prescriptive

Binding rules for 'correct' language use.

  • Pronunciation
  • Orthography, syntax, grammar etc.

Descriptive

Factual language use

I can't get no satisfaction. (grammatically incorrect but put in an artistic context)

Introduction to Linguistic

Signifiant


form - a word and it's structure

Introduction to Linguistic

Competence

- knowledge of language (through grammar, syntax, lexism etc.)

Performance

- actual oral usage of given knowledge

Introduction to Linguistic

Langue

- rules placed in a given language

Parole

- expressions/ use of language

Introduction to Linguistic

Phonetics and Phonology

The study of speech and sounds

- dad vs dead

- think vs sink

Introduction to Linguistic

Morphology and Word formation

The basic building blocks of language and also their rules for their combination.

- singers { sing } + { er } + { s }

- unhappiness { un } + { happy } + { ness}

Introduction to Linguistic

Syntax

Relationship of words in sentences (SPO!)

The man ate the pumpkin.

NOT

- The pumpkin ate the man.

Introduction to Linguistic

Semantics

Meaning of words

- big, great

Introduction to Linguistic

Signifié

meaning - recognition of the words meaning

Introduction to Linguistic

Fundamental aspects to Linguistics

  • Pronunciation (Phonestics& Phonology)
  • Words and their forms (Morphology/Word formation)
  • Rules for the combination of words (Syntax)
  • Words and their meaning (Semantics)
  • Rules for the usage in certain situations of communication (Pragmatics)

Introduction to Linguistic

Non-contrastive (or monolingual)

One language in focus (e.g. English)

Contrastive

Languages are compared and contrasted

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Introduction to Linguistics at

Universität Marburg

Introduction to Linguistics at

LMU München

Introduction to Linguistics at

Pädagogische Hochschule Schwäbisch Gmünd

Introduction to Linguistics at

Universität Frankfurt am Main

Introduction to Linguistics at

TU Braunschweig

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