Introduction to Linguistics at Universität Marburg

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What do we call the study of language at a certain point in time? 

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistics at the Universität Marburg on StudySmarter:

What's the difference between prescriptive and descriptive Linguistics? 

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What is the concept of competence in Noam Chomsky's Generativism? 
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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistics at the Universität Marburg on StudySmarter:

Phonetics is... 

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What are the three branches of Phonetics? 

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Articulatory Phonetics concerns... 

Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistics at the Universität Marburg on StudySmarter:

Acoustic phonetics concerns... 
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Auditory Phonetics concerns... 

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A Phoneme is... 

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What are the three basic components of the sound-producing system? 

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Which of the following are active articulators? 
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What is the difference between vowels and consonants (in phonetics)? 

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Exemplary flashcards for Introduction to Linguistics at the Universität Marburg on StudySmarter:

Introduction to Linguistics

What do we call the study of language at a certain point in time? 
Synchronic Linguistics 

Introduction to Linguistics

What's the difference between prescriptive and descriptive Linguistics? 
Prescriptive Linguistics is concerned with prescribing rules of "correctness" as to how language should be used, while descriptive Linguistics describes language and linguistic usage as it is in practice. 

Introduction to Linguistics

What is the concept of competence in Noam Chomsky's Generativism? 
The knowledge the ideal native speaker has of his/her language 

Introduction to Linguistics

Phonetics is... 
The scientific study of speech sounds

Introduction to Linguistics

What are the three branches of Phonetics? 
Articulatory, Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics 

Introduction to Linguistics

Articulatory Phonetics concerns... 
The production of speech sounds (including the organs of speech and the articulators). 

Introduction to Linguistics

Acoustic phonetics concerns... 
The physical properties of sound waves (vibrations of air, frequency, amplitude and duration) 

Introduction to Linguistics

Auditory Phonetics concerns... 
the perception and processing by the hearer (anatomy and neurophysiology)

Introduction to Linguistics

A Phoneme is... 
any distinct speech sound 

Introduction to Linguistics

What are the three basic components of the sound-producing system? 
lungs - egressive pulmonic airstream mechanism
larynx - glottis with vocal cords; voiceless or voiced sounds
vocal tract - everything above the larynx

Introduction to Linguistics

Which of the following are active articulators? 
Tongue

Introduction to Linguistics

What is the difference between vowels and consonants (in phonetics)? 
When producing vowels there is no obstruction of the airstream, whereas that is the case when producing consonants. 

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